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Lesson 4: Work Simplification
Transcript of Lesson 4: Work Simplification
Work simplification is the conscious seeking of the simplest, easiest, and quickest method of doing work. It is accomplishing more tasks within a given amount of time. Improvement in doing a piece of work can be made by means of work simplification. One thing you have to remember is that you should always be aware of the motions involved in doing a task and an interest in the possible ways of reducing time. This is what we call the principle of motion-mindedness
Practical Tips to Simplyfy Work
* Cook several foodat the same time.
* Bake while you are dishwashing
* Dust the furniture while rearranging them
* Use cooking pans several times
* Set the table while you are cooking
At home, interest in work simplification is mainly due to the desire of the homemaker and other members to have more time and energy for other activities either personal or with the other members of the family. In the workplace, it aims to improve the workers' efficiency so that production output can increase and production cost can decrease.
A lot of studies have been done on such tasks as laundering and ironing bed making cleaning food preparation, dishwashing, and other routine household activities. The efficient arrangement of equipment, tools, and even storage facilities and the correct heights of work surfaces, stools, and chairs have been studied. These indicate that change and improvement in work methods are possible in every home and industry.
1. Apply dovetailing in completing tasks.
In dovetailing techniques, two or more tasks are scheduled and completed at the same time. The nature of each task allows you to alternately shift attention from one task to another.
2. Keep your work tools and equipment within easy reach
Needles walking, lifting and reaching of tools and equipment should be eliminated. Assemble all your tools equipment within easy reach before starting to work.
Lesson 4: Work Simplification
3. Select the beat tools.
The use of the right tools for doing work is also important . Poor tools are not only wasteful of time and energy, but also cause nervous irritation resulting in fatigue. The use of a tray or wheeled table for carrying dishes, food, or supplies will save you a lot of time, effort, and energy. The use of a sharp knife will make slicing or cutting of ingredients faster and easier.
4. Work with proper posture and body movements.
Good posture in doing any task may be described as the position that requires the smallest amount of energy expenditures. You should give considerable attention to posture habits in standing, sitting, stooping, and bending while at work. Much energy can be conserved, fatigue can be avoided or lessened, and strain is released if you follow the correct posture and body movements in doing certain tasks. Keep the body working with gravity and with the minimum amount of muscle tension to reduce fatigue.
5. Lessen work by leaving out parts of the task that can be left out.
There are some parts of the tasks that you can do away with. For example, you can leave out towel drying of dishes and just drain them, you can use sheets without ironing them, or washed clothes that can be placed in hangers for drying so you need not iron them. Another way to lessen your work is marketing on a weekly basis rather than daily
6. Make both hands work.
Be ambidextrous. Use both hands for picking, setting, setting, and clearing the table, and dusting. Both hands should be used equally so that loads will be well-distributed to both sides of the body.
7. Arrange work centers in the house for the best sequence of motions and for the minumum distance of travel.
The location of the refrigerator, sink, and stove should be near to one another. Storage or cabinet for toiletries should be inside the bathroom or adjacent to it.
8. Use labor-saving devices
There are now many labor-saving devices sold in the market. Most of them, however, are expensive. If you must buy one, make sure you use it, so that you can get back its value in terms of saved time and energy.
Pointers for Getting Work Done
In homes, physical work cannot be avoided. The following are some pointers to help you do homemaking activities efficiently and enjoy the result as well:
1. Start with the unpleasant jobs.
2. Divide long and hard jobs into parts.
3. Follow your schedule closely.
4. Work with someone or work with music.