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New Hampshire: The Colony

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Natalie Thomas

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of New Hampshire: The Colony

New Hampshire: The Third Colony
History
-New Hampshire was named after Hampshire in England by John Mason.
-The original inhabitants of the area were the Abenaki. They resisted colonization forcing the settlers to only be able to colonize up the Connecticut River Valley.
-During the French and Indian War, the Abenaki people were fighting with the French and resisted until their French alliances were defeated.
-John Wheelright founded New Hampshire. (New Hampshire was founded because of lack of tolerance in Massachusetts. In 1638, John Wheelright led a group of unsatisfied colonists to the town of Exter. Then, a Puritan group settled in Hampton and New Hampshire became fully independent from Massachusetts in 1679.)
-The settlers went to New Hampshire because it had plentiful forests and a trading port.
-Colonists had problems with the weather, short, cool summers and long, hard, cold, and snowy winters. The land also had thin, rocky soil. They overcame these problems by sustenance farming.
-From a young age, children were taught that work is good for them. But, when they were not working, they would take shells and use them for doll dishes. Lots of kids played hopscotch.
Economics
-The members of the New Hampshire colony made a living by cutting down trees, fishing, farming, trading. They also used waterpower from streams to run mills for grinding grain and sawing lumber. (Large towns had blacksmiths, shoemakers, furniture makers, gunsmiths, metal smiths, and printers.)
-And, even though it was dangerous, some colonists were even whale hunters.
-The chief trade crops were fish and molasses. But, they also exported lots of lumber, fur, and rum.
-Clothing, furniture, tools, silver, books, some foodstuffs, leather goods, sugar, molasses, weapons and slaves were imported into New Hampshire from England.
Wrap-up/Points of Interest
If a movie was made, or a book was written, about the founding and establishing of New Hampshire the genera would most likely be historical fiction because nothing interesting happened in the New Hampshire. No plot twisting witch trials or disappearing people are in any way associated with New Hampshire. The movie or book would likly be about a person and the hardships of colonial life.
Government and Religion
-The leader of this colony was a governor appointed by the king.
-The religion was congregationalist.
-John Mason named New Hampshire off of Hampshire in England.
-John Wheelright founded New Hampshire. (New Hampshire was founded because of lack of tolerance in Massachusetts. In 1638, John Wheelright led a group of unsatisfied colonists to the town of Exter. Then, a Puritan group settled in Hampton and New Hampshire became fully independent from Massachusetts in 1679.)
-New Hampshire was a royal colony.
-Several religions were in New Hampshire, but it was mostly Protestant.
-The colonists had to follow the church of England, because it was a royal colony.
Geography
-New Hampshire is located on the northeastern coast, and has a short shoreline on the Atlantic. The Atlantic Ocean made New Hampshire a good sea trading port.
-Bordering colonies are Massachusetts and New York.
-New Hampshire has harsh winters, thin, rocky soil, and a short growing season. But, no need to worry! The colonists figured out how to subsistence farm. (Subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which farmers focus on growing enough food to feed their families. The typical subsistence farm has a range of crops and animals needed by the family to eat during the year. ) and use what they had to their advantages.
-With all the rivers, lakes, and the Atlantic Ocean the colonists fished.
-New Hampshire has short, cool summers and long, cold, and snowy winters. (Northern New Hampshire often gets 100 inches of snow in a year.) The winters made it difficult for the settlers, because you can't farm in the winter with snow on the ground.
1600
1680
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1605
French explorer Samuel
de Champlain explores the New
England coast,
including New Hampshire.
1623
Settler's found New
Hampshire's first
permanent non-
Indian settlement,
Dover
1629
John Mason names New Hampshire.
1679
New Hampshire becomes a royal colony.
New Hampshire is better than all the other colonies because if you go to New Hampshire you can get a job. There is plenty of fish to be caught, plenty of trees to be cut down, plenty of corn to be grown, and plenty of homes to be built. Also, when you come to New Hampshire and get a job you will get paid! And, when you have money, you are happy. The New Hampshire colony will make you happy! So, come on down to New Hampshire. I promise, you'll be happy!
Colonists ate lots of fish and lobster, and drank water, milk, cider, or beer.
1645
The first recorded slave arrives in Portsmouth.
Why I picked New Hampshire
Honestly, I picked New Hampshire because it was one of the only colonies left, and I had to pick last.
Full transcript