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The Canadian Pacific Railroad
Transcript of The Canadian Pacific Railroad
It all started,
nearly 150 years ago...
The dominion of
However, on one condition...
That the Canadian government
would build a
Railroad in the next years
Transcontinental Railroad: A Railroad passing or extending across a continent. (Dictionary. com)
This was generally because the residents in British Columbia, wanted a means of communication, and transportation, with the rest of Canada, which at the time was just, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick & Nova Scotia. The construction of ths railroad would help physically link and unify Canada.
At the time, the Conservative Party, with Prime Minister Sir John A. McDonald, was in control, and began the task. The construction was overtaken by the Hugh Allan's Canadian Pacific Railway Company (founded February 6, 1871) after being granted contracts from the federal government of Canada. This money went into the materials (steel, gravel & wood), land and salaries of workers.
The task was overtaken
Sir John A. McDonald
Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR)
Goes through over
The Railroad was built in the time span of 4 years
From British Columbia to Nova Scotia
The railroad, was
All labor workers were treated very
poorly, precisely Chinese workers.
Their salaries were extremely low. They were paid only between 0.75 and $1.25 per day, while Canadian workers were paid between $1.00 and $2.50 per day. The company did not cover the fees of any food, clothing, transportation, mail, and medical care for the employers.
The construction of the railway began. For the first two years, there was political controversy. An election took place and Alexander Mackenzie, with the Liberal Party went into control. The railway was then taken on by this party. In 1878 John A. McDonald with his party returned to power.
Later, in 2006, the Canadian Government offered an apology to the Chinese Government , for all the mistreatment and hardships, the Chinese were made to live through.
Canada sponsored Chinese labor workers in 1881, with a promise, that they would one day return. However, the complete opposite happened.
The chinese were made to build the most difficult part of the railroad, which was the rocky mountains. They were made to use explosives and several other dangerous materials to clear land and create a flat surface for the train to travel. Death risks, were extremely severe.
The Canadian workers also treated them extremely inhuman and harsh. Many severe fights broke out between the two races throughout the construction.
When a labor worker was injured or died, their families neither received notification, nor were comforted.
The Canadian Pacific Railway had on immense role on the expansion, creation and unification of the Dominion of Canada.
The CPR, had a huge influence on the social life of Canada. It brought hundreds, of residents to Canada as well as helped spread the population of Canada, all over.
The CPR had an outrageous impact on the economy of Canada. It cost over $875 million to construct. This was an extraordinary amount for the developing country. The Canadian government set sales taxes, and exempted property for 20 years, to help pay for it. The businesses and population expand however, greatly benefited the economy of Canada.
Building the Railroad...
Telegraph: A system for transmitting messages or signals to a distinct place especially by means of an electrical device consisting essentially of a sending instrument connecting by a conducting wire, or other communication channels. (Dictionary.com)
Telegrams were very commonly sent during the construction of the railroad. They were sent along wires, along the railroad. The government provided funds to help create the telegraphs. They were used to send messages regarding further plans, deaths, and other notifications. they were extremely helpful during construction, as they were faster than regular mail.
The CPR also was the start of several other businesses in Canada including:
abattoirs, bus transportation, china and crockery, containers and pallets, forestry, foundries, immigration and colonization, insurance, irrigation, manufacturing, milling and foodstuff, mines and minerals, newsreels, oil, pulp and paper, radio broadcasts, stockyards, supply farms, trucking, waste management, even bottled spring water.
The CPR also brought hundreds to Canada, and started many businesses, being a huge factor in industrialization. It established several buildings, factories and homes.
The CPR, had a huge influence on the environment, and physical appearance of Canada. Much land was destroyed during the construction of the railroad, including trees being cut and land being exploded. However, the CPR is working to developcleaner gases, to prevent as may pollutants.
The CPR also helped with World War 2 transportation.
Today, Canadian Pacific Railway is a fully independent, public company which continues to transport, goods, as well as people, throughout Canada.
CPR's 14,000-mile network extends from Vancouver to Montreal to Chicago, to Newark, to Philadelphia, to Washington, to New York City and to Buffalo.
The CPR today...