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Transcript of Adolf Hitler
Attended Volksschule in Fischlham.
He became interested in warfare after finding a picture book about the Franco-Prussian War from his father.
His younger brother, Edmund, died in 1900
He became detached.
His father did not approve of his interest in fine art rather than business
Hitler showed an early interest in German nationalism, rejecting the authority of Austria
This would become the motivating force of Hitler's life.
Apr 20, 1889
Braunau am Inn
Gasthof zum Pommer
Alois Hitler (Alois Schicklgruber)
Klara Hitler [née Pölzl]
Fourth child of six
Older sibings, Gustav, Ida, and Otto died in infancy
Age of 3 - moved to Passau, Germany
1994 - The family relocated to Leonding
June 1895 - Alois retired at Hafeld
Born in Munich, Germany
February 06, 1912 - April 30, 1945
Eva Anna Paula Braun
Went on to work as an assistant with Heinrich Hoffman, who was Adolf Hitler's photographer.
Braun met Hitler in 1929
The Nazi regime in Germany between 1933 and 1945
The Third Reich
End to the Weimar Republic.
January 30, 1933 - Adolf Hitler's became chancellor
The Nazi state quickly became a regime in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights.
May 8, 1945
Nazi Germany Defeated
German surrender forced
Extensive propaganda was used to explain the regime's goals and ideals.
When the death of the German president Paul von Hindenburg on August 1934 came Hitler held the powers of the presidency.
The army swore an oath of personal loyalty to him.
Hitler's dictatorship rested on his position as Reich President (head of state), Reich Chancellor (head of government), and Fuehrer (head of the Nazi party).
The Weimar Republic
(Democratic) German government between World Wars: between 1919 and 1933, it was named Weimar because the National Assembly met in Weimar in 1919 to establish a new republic and draw up a constitution. Under the Weimar Constitution, Germany was divided into 19 states
German Workers Party
Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (DAP)
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP).
Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6.
Kershaw, Ian (1999) . Hitler: 1889–1936: Hubris. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-04671-7.
Shirer, William L. (1960). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-62420-0.
Hamann, Brigitte (2010) . Hitler's Vienna: A Portrait of the Tyrant as a Young Man. Trans. Thomas Thornton. London; New York: Tauris Parke Paperbacks. ISBN 978-1-84885-277-8.
Eva Braun. (2014). The Biography Channel website. Retrieved 05:35, Jan 02, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/eva-braun-201295.
(2010). Hitler: The Untold Story [DVD]. Mill Creek Entertainment.
Hitler, A. (1943). Mein Kampf. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin company.
(2006). Biography - Eva Braun [DVD]. A&E Home Video.
n.d.How Did Hitler Die. Historyrocket. Retrieved January 2, 2014, from http://historyrocket.com/World-War/world-war-ii/hitler/How-Did-Hitler-Die.html
Adolf Hitler. (2014). The Biography Channel website. Retrieved 12:40, Jan 04, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144.
The DAP was founded on January 5, 1919 by Anton Drexler, a member of the occultist Thule Society.
Along with Drexler and several others they formed the Political Workers' Circle, as well.
The members met periodically for discussions with themes of nationalism and racism directed against the Jews.
In January 1919 with the DAP founding, Drexler was elected chairman and Karl Harrer was made "Reich Chairman", an honorary title.
While monitoring the activities of the DAP, Hitler became attracted to the founder Anton Drexler's antisemitic, nationalist, anti-capitalist, and anti-Marxist ideas.
Drexler favoured a strong active government, a non-Jewish version of socialism, and solidarity among all members of society.
Drexler had witnessed one of Hitlers political arguments before and admired that.
Impressed, Drexler invited him to join the DAP. Hitler accepted on September 12, 1919, becoming the party's 55th member.
After giving his first speech for the DAP on October 16 at the Hofbräukeller, Hitler quickly became the party's most active public speaker.
Hitler died by shooting himself on the 30 April in 1945 using a pistol.
He was with his dog Blondie and his wife Eva.
He used cyanide for his dog and his wife and then also had the cyanide himself.
However, because he had an overdose of cyanide, it did not work on him and Hitler ended up shooting himself.
Many believe that he did it because his bunker was captured by the Russian army.
Volume One: A Reckoning
Chapter 1: In the House of my Parents
Chapter 2: Years of Study and Suffering in Vienna
Chapter 3: General Political Considerations Based on my Vienna Period
Chapter 4: Munich
Chapter 5: The World War
Chapter 6: War Propaganda
Chapter 7: The Revolution
Chapter 8: The Beginning of my Political Activity
Chapter 9: The "German Workers' Party"
Chapter 10: Causes of the Collapse
Chapter 11: Nation and Race
Chapter 12: The First Period of Development of the National Socialist German Workers' Party
Volume Two: The National Socialist Movement
Chapter 1: Philosophy and Party
Chapter 2: The State
Chapter 3: Subjects and Citizens
Chapter 4: Personality and the Conception of the Völkisch State
Chapter 5: Philosophy and Organisation
Chapter 6: The Struggle of the Early Period – the Significance of the Spoken Word
Chapter 7: The Struggle with the Red Front
Chapter 8: The Strong Man Is Mightiest Alone
Chapter 9: Basic Ideas Regarding the Meaning and Organization of the Sturmabteilung
Chapter 10: Federalism as a Mask
Chapter 11: Propaganda and Organization
Chapter 12: The Trade-Union Question
Chapter 13: German Alliance Policy After the War
Chapter 14: Eastern Orientation or Eastern Policy
Chapter 15: The Right of Emergency Defense
In the early 1930s, Braun and Hitler became more closely involved after one of Hitler's mistresses committed suicide
Eva's father, Fritz, was deeply opposed to his daughter's involvement with the leader.
Braun and Hitler kept their relationship a secret, with there generally being no public sightings of them together.
Braun did attend the Nazi's Nuremberg convention in 1935. It is reported that she generally received no influence in Hitler's political desicions.
He chose her as a companion because he believed she would not become a challenge to his authority.
In both 1932 and 1935, Braun attempted suicide; Hitler funded an apartment for Braun as a result of the second attempt.
In 1936, she also took up residence at Hitler's Berghof chalet in the Bavarian Alps, wielding some influence in the domestic sphere and enjoying activities such as gymnastics, sunbathing, skiing and swimming. She is said to have remained generally unperturbed during the initial developments and invasions that initiated World War II, though her mood changed when the tide was turning against the Axis Powers.
Mein Kampf is an memior by Adolf Hitler, where he explains his ideas and future plans for Germany.
It describes the process of how he became increasingly antisemitic and militaristic
He announced he wanted to completely destroy the parliamentary system.
Alois died on January 3 1903
Two years later, in 1905, Adolf's mom allowed Hitler to drop out of school.
He moved to Vienna and worked as a casual laborer and a watercolor painter.
Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts twice, and was rejected both times.
His mother then died on December 21, 1907.
He moved into a homeless shelter, where he remained for several years
What led Hitler's views on Jews?
In much of Europe it was assumed that Jews were Communists.
Jealousy. Some Jews were successful and held greater positions in Austria and Germany in the 1920s and 1930s.
In the Great Depression. Germany was hit the hardest by the worldwide economic depression, and successful Jews were envied.
Some thought international Jewish financiers had put the world into a war and the Depression for their business profit.
Some say Hitler and the Nazis were opportunistic demagogues.
The Nazis used hatred of the Jews to unify the German people and create a new German empire.
Nothing unites a people more than when they believe they are constantly under attack and fighting a common enemy.
The Jews were convenient enemies.
Christianity had traditionally blamed the death of Christ on the Jews.
It was not until the 1960s that the Catholic Church stated that the Jews were NOT to blame for the death of Jesus.
Antisemitism was already in European and American culture.
Many Jews who tried to escape the persecution were refused entry into the US and other European countries
At the start of World War I Hitler applied to serve in the German army.
He was accepted in August 1914, though he was still an Austrian citizen.
Hitler was present at a number of significant battles and was wounded at the Somme.
He was decorated for bravery, receiving the Iron Cross, Second Class (1914) and First Class (1918) and the Black Wound Badge (1918).
He was shocked by Germany's surrender in 1918.
Like other German nationalists, he believed that the German army had been betrayed by civilian leaders and Marxists
After World War I, Hitler returned to Munich and continued to work for the military as an intelligence officer.
While monitoring the activities of the German Workers’ Party (DAP), Hitler leaned toward many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist and anti-Marxist ideas of Anton Drexler.
To increase its appeal, the DAP also changed its name to the National Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP).
Hitler personally designed the party banner, featuring a swastika in a white circle on a red background.
In 1921, Hitler replaced Drexler as NSDAP party chairman.
On November 8, 1923, Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting of 3,000 people at a large beer hall in Munich.
Hitler announced that the national revolution had begun and declared the formation of a new government.
After a short struggle including 20 deaths, the coup, known as the "Beer Hall Putsch," failed.
Hitler was arrested three days later and tried for high treason. He served a year in prison,
In prison he wrote most of the first volume of Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").
Klara was born in Weitra, Austria-Hungary August 20, 1860
Alois was born in Strones, Waldviertel, Austria on June 7, 1837
Daughter of Johann Pölzl and Johanna Hiedler Pölzl.
She grew up living next to the farm of her grandfather and where her future husband, Alois Hitler, was raised.
She grew up thinking that Alois was her uncle.
In 1876, three years after Alois married his first wife Anna, he hired 16-year-old Klara as a household servant
She moved into the top floor of the Braunau Inn, which Alois was renting as his family house.
When Anna died in 1883, Alois married Franziska a month later. Franziska died on August 10, 1884 of a lung disease.
She left two children for Alois (Alois Jr and Angela), and just as quickly, Klara returned to Alois to help take care of the children.
Alois and Klara were married in their apartment on January 7, 1885
Klara would give birth to six children.
Otto (died soon after birth)
Diphtheria struck the village, killing Gustav and Ida
Since Alois was a harsh disciplinarian and had little interest in raising the children, he left Klara to so with the two children of his second marriage, Alois Jr and Angela, and with Adolf, Edmund, and Paula.
It was later said that he often belittled his wife and children, and was verbally abusive of them.
In February 1895, Alois bought a small farm in Hafeld, about thirty miles southwest of Linz, and retired.
Alois and his son, Alois Jr, then had major argument, and Alois Jr. left the family.
Edmund died of measles a short time later, on February 2, 1900.
Leaving Adolf as the only male child in the household, with Paula.
Soon Adolf and Alois were always at each others throats; his father tried to browbeat him with following petty rules, and Adolf did everything the opposite of what is father asked.
Alois died on Jan 3, 1903 in Linz, Austria
Leaving Klara and two children (Adolf and Paula) to raise.
On Dec 21, 1907, at age 47, Klara died of breast cancer in Linz, Austria
Leaving Adolf (age 18) and Paula (age 11), to complete their education with her parents