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Transcript of Favela
WHAT IS FAVELA TOURISM?
can lead to a change in the reputation of slums
Legitimate way to fight poverty
Help people from around the world be more compassionate and exposed to the effects of poverty
Negative stereotypes are challenged
Some locals have control over the tour and the revenue earned
Residents are the best people to talk about their city
Case Study: Rocinha
7 formal tour opertators
3500 tours a month
25 euro per tour
Average tour 3 hours
Show case for social inequality
Survey of Rocinha Residents
1. Felix, M. <http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/slumtourism.html
2. Steinbrink, Malte, Ko Koens, and Fabian Frenzel. Slum Tourism : Poverty, Power And Ethics. London: Routledge, 2012. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 27 Nov. 2013.
3. Phillips, Dom. "Favela tourism in Rio de Janeiro." The Guardian. Web. 20 Nov 2013. <http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2013/nov/04/rio-de-janeiro-brazil-favela-tourism>.
4. Osborn, Catherine. "A History of Favela Upgrades Part II: Introducing Favela-Bairro (1988-2008)." Rio On Watch. Web. 22 Nov 2013. <http://riooonwatch.org/?p=5931>.
5. Garcia-Navarro, Lourdes, writ. "Unease In Sprawling Rio Slum Ahead Of Police 'Pacification'." NPR: 09 08 2013. Radio. <http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2013/08/09/210313400/unease-in-sprawling-rio-slum-ahead-of-police-pacification>.
6. MCCLATCHY, Alex Angert. Miami Herald, "Brazil's 2016 Olympics could uproot residents of Rio slum." Accessed December 1, 2013. http://www.miamiherald.com/2012/06/21/2861312/brazils-2016-olympics-could-uproot.html.
7. Elliott, Matthew. Rio Times Online, "Vila Autódromo Community Avoids Eviction." Last modified 08 13, 2013. Accessed December 1, 2013. http://riotimesonline.com/brazil-news/rio-politics/vila-autodromo-community-avoids-eviction/
Brazillian Government is trying to uproot people in Favelas.
This is not the first time something like this has happened.
Case of Vila Autodromo Favela
2016 Summer Olympic Games
Relocation and rehousing of residents
Demolition of homes in order to make room for the new facilities
Case of Favela do Metro and its residents.
World Cup 2014
Samba Music's origins
Significance of this music to Favelas and Carnival
What are favelas?
"shanty towns" in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
756 total according to 2010 census, contain 22% of Rio's population
Often known for drug gangs and violence.
Largely a mystery for people who don't live there.
Problems with infrastructure, sewage systems, community health programs, etc.
Favela-Bairro (Favela-to-Neighborhood) program has helped to upgrade some of these
areas and improve living conditions
Some controversy has emerged recently over the World Cup and the Olympics because the government wants to tear down some of the favelas to make room for the infrastructure needed to host these events.
Off-limits to tourists for decades due to crime and violence, often related to drugs.
In 2008, Santa Maria was the first favela to be "pacified" and made safe for tourists.
Since then, 34 more have been pacified.
Turned to tourism as a way to benefit local economies.
Ideal vs. Reality
Exploiting poor for money
Help wealthy feel good about themselves
Tour guides are favela residents
Help to challenge stereotypes
Tourists participate in projects to benefit the community
Communities profit, tour companies don't
Tour guides are outsiders
Tour companies benefit, communities don't
Tour companies treat it like a safari/zoo
Only way favela residents benefit is by selling "souvenirs"
The Current Situation
Helped when local residents work with tour companies
Hurt when corrupt tour companies exploit poor for money
8. The Stream, "Favela residents face eviction for World Cup and Olympics prep." Accessed December 1, 2013. http://stream.aljazeera.com/story/favela-residents-face-eviction-world-cup-and-olympics-prep.
9. Fusion, "Video:Brazil's 2014 World Soccer Cup Blamed for Favela Evictions in Rio." Accessed December 1, 2013. http://fusion.net/ABC_Univision/video/brazils-2014-world-soccer-cup-blamed-favela-evictions-6376.
10. Word Press, "Understanding the Favelas Culture, Crime and Survival in one of the World's Largest Squatter Cities: Samba Pride." Accessed December 1, 2013. http://lilyantebi.wordpress.com/culture/samba-pride/.
11. Conan, Neil. “’Poverty Porn’: Education Or Exploitation.” NPR. N.P., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013.NPR. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=101487893>.
12. “Favela Tours and the Negative Impacts of Tourism.” Ecuador Eco Volunteer. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ecuadorecovolunteer.org/favela-tours-and-the-negative-impacts-of-tourism/>.
13. Ozongwu, Melinda. "This Is Africa." Slum tourism. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.thisisafrica.me/opinion/detail/19607/slum-tourism-step-right-up-for-africa-s-worst-destination>.
14. "Slum/Poverty/Favela Tourism." Tourism Concern. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/slum-tourism.html>.
15. Weiner, Eric. "Slum Visits: Tourism or Voyeurism?." The New York Times [New York City] 9 Mar. 2009: n. pag. NYTimes. Web. 23 Nov. 2013.