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Transcript of Technology
Confused let me explain A man by the name of Eadweard Muybridge wanted to settle a long time bet that a horses legs never all left the ground at once so he setup a series of 12 cameras that once the horse ran by the camera it would hit a string that triggered the camera The end result Celluloid film was the gate way for film creation These pictures were transfered onto a Phenakistascope Muybridge inspired the Roundhay Garden scene the first film recorded on celluliod film 1888 By Dan McKnought Then the next major development the patent of "chronophotographic" camera recording at 10 fps But there was a lot of problems with his camera the low frame rate and the device many moving parts made it unrelible and hurt the quality The first successfull projector was the Kinetoscope Developed by Thomas Edison How ever it could only be viewed by one person at a time Now we had the ability to view pictures, the next step was to show them to a whole room Because of the vitaphone syncronized sound made its debut in the 1927 film the jazz singer This lead to the silent film era Music was played in the theater any plot developments were displayed by cards To add syncronized sound to film the warner brothers invented the vitaphone which combined the sound recording onto the film so they could not be offset Edison came through again with the Vitascope the first projector However syncronization of sound and video wasn't yet possible Next progression ideas came with animation. Animation started in 1899 with the idea of stop motion Stop motion works on the idea of taking a picture of each individual motion then playing the pictures in rapid succesion in order to provide motion to normaly inanimate objects In 1906, Albert Edward Smith and James Stuart Blackton Humorous Phases of Funny Faces. This is done for most of the length of this film by moving jointed cut-outs of the figures frame by frame between the exposures. However, there is a very short section of the film where things are made to appear to move by altering the drawings themselves from frame to frame, which is how standard animated cartoons have since been made up to today. Color film
Tinting & Hand Coloring
Technicolor (first successful coloring technique
Modern Color Technicolor
This system used a beam splitter in a specially modified camera to send red and green light waves to separate black-and-white film negatives. From these negatives, two prints were made on film stock with half the normal base thickness, which were toned accordingly: one red, the other green. Then they were cemented together, base-to-base, into a single strip of film.
Technicolor big downside was how expensive it was
Modern color film is based on the subtractive color system, which filters colors from white light through dyed or color sensitive layers within a single strip of film. A subtractive color (cyan, magenta, yellow) is what remains when one of the additive primary colors (red, green, blue) has been removed from the spectrum. Eastman Kodak's monopack color film incorporated three separate layers of color sensitive emulsions into one strip of film. Omnimax
Impliments huge film IMAX There is such high pressure in the lamps for the IMAX 5 people in blast armor have to carry it as to protect them self from quartz shards Animation..... again
with the advent of modern technology animation moved away from hand drawings to computer models the first movie to use computer cgi was Toy Story Quality of Picture is much better than that of a normal theater because Much of the quality is owed to the size and power of the lamp Omnimax is a varation of IMAX the major difference is the shape of the lens that it is projected through the "fish eye" lens curves the video to the room that gives it a immersive feeling 3d Technology It all began with Anaglyph Film the clasic red cyan glasses The basic priciple behind 3d is to provide depth perception by tricking the eyes A number of problems occured one it caused bad color quality because of the filters and two it caused lots of headaches in the audience if the film wasn't perfectly aligned Note that not everything is in perfect chronilogical order I tried to mix things in where they made sense What it does it show alternating clips that are polarized and the glasses that you are wearing each eyes lens is polarized a little diffrently However this makes these films much more expensive because to show two frames where normaly there would be one you have to double the frame rate so the camera cost goes through the roof and The Glasses lens blocks out some light making the film seem darker Polarized 3-D systems New Systems with out glasses *note not in major production yet This technology tackles the worst part of 3-d the glasses This technology will be used in the nintedto 3DS The down fall if you can't fit with in its targeted area the image will apear blured and or skewed In the recent years the film industry has shown signs of transitioning to Digital recording What does this mean? 1. The need for theaters would be potentialy eliminated because the movies could be uploaded from any where 2.The need for a physical dvd goes away and transportation cost for films would be virtually non-exsistant driving down the cost of films Why? 1.Digital doesn't require film so it is much more compact 2.Digital Projectors are at par with or even better then film projectors The Future and what in store