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paragraph

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by

Paulo Nico Abajon

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of paragraph

Coherence Literally means to hold together. If the sentences in the paragraph are relate to the topic sentences to effect a unified whole, these sentences should be orderly sequenced and linked to one another to assure a smooth progression of ideas. "Paragraph development" A paragraph is a collection of sentences which all relate to one main idea or topic. Effective paragraphs have four main characteristics: a topic sentence, unity, coherence, and adequate development. Each of these characteristics is discussed below. Unity Emphasis 1.) It means oneness of idea.

2.) A good paragraph possesses UNITY when all sentences develop the main idea. Important ideas can made prominent. Topic Sentence 1.) The central idea to be developed.
2.) It may be expressed or implied:
- EXPRESSED it is found at the beginning of the paragraph and at the end of the paragraph.
- IMPLIED the central idea is hinted in the developing sentences. Supporting details They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph. Clinching sentences Clinching sentence is a sentence that concludes and closes the paragraph. Orderly Movement The proper sequencing of ideas in a paragraph may be of several types. Chronological Order Event are arranged on the basis of time. Space Order the main point are presented in the order of space, such as from nearest to farthest(Vise versa), from inside to outside, from left to right, and from top to bottom. Logical Order This arrangement of ideas is widely used in exposition. Things being the proper order, most efficient order. Structural Devices These devices help the reader move easily from one to the next. Transitional or Signal words and Phrases Transition signals are connecting words or phrases that act like bridges between parts of your writing. They link your sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas. Transition signals act like signposts to indicate to the reader the order and flow of your writing and ideas.
example:
use to add ideas, and, moreover; to introduce statements opposing the preceding statements, but, otherwise; to show time sequence, then, after; to indicate orders, next, in the second place; to show space relation, to the right, in the distances; to indicate a consequene or a conclusion , consequently, so; to indicate repetition, in fact, in other words ; to compare, so, similarly. Pronoun Reference Means to use pronouns.
example:
personal, I, she, he; demonstrative, this, that, those; relative, who,whom, which. Emphasis through Position Important ideas placing them at the beginning. Emphasis through Parallel Grammatical Structures Parallelism refers to similar grammatical patterns to express ideas in a series. Emphasis through Climatic Order The series of ideas ares arranged in an ascending degree of importance or interest.
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