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Urban Cities: Prague
Transcript of Urban Cities: Prague
1085: Prague becomes the residence of the first Bohemian king, Vratislav 1.
Around 1230: Establishment of Old Town.
1310-1346: John Luxembourg rules as king of Bohemia.
1346-1378: Charles 1V-Prague becomes the capital of the Bohemian Kingdom and the Holy Roman Empire.
1583-1611: Rudolf 11 becomes the king of Bohemia, and Prague becomes the emperor's residence and the centre of social and cultural life.
1618-1620: Defeat of the Czech nobles' uprising; Czech language and Czech national consciousness begins to decline.
1784-1848: Period of Czech national revival, beginning of the industrial revolution, establishment of Czech institutions.
1918: Proclamation of the independence of Czechoslovakia. Prague becomes capital.
1939-1945: Occupation by Nazi Germany.
1945: The Prague uprising, "liberation" of Prague by the Red Army.
1948: Seizure of power by the Soviets.
1968: Prague spring- an attempt to reform socialism, intervention of 5 states of the Warsaw Pact.
1989: Velvet Revolution, Vaclav Havel elected President of Czechoslovakia.
1990: First free elections.
1993: January 1, Czechoslovakia splits in two and the Czech Republic is founded.
2004: May 1, Czech Republic joins the European Union. Cultural Traditions Czech social structure is centered around the family. Before anything else, obligation to family comes first.
Czechs admire forward thinking, logical reasoning, practicality, and efficiency.
They find security in careful planning, both in business and their personal life.
Czechs are private people until they get to know you.
They are typically formal and reserved.
Once you develop a personal relationship they will open up somewhat, but they are never overly emotion.
They seldom move to a first-name basis with people outside of their extended family or very close friends. Site Prague is located in the Czech Republic at exactly 50.05 N; 14.26 E. It is situated on the Vltava River in the center of the Bohemian Basin. Similar to Rome, the city is spread over nine hills: Letna, Vitkov, Opys, Vetrov, Skalka, Emauzy, Vysehrad, Karlov, and the highest Petrin. The location of Prague in Central Europe marks for extreme weather patterns and striking differences between seasons. The changes in seasons add to the romantic appeal of Prague. Situation Prague is situated in the middle of Bohemia, which has a ring of mountainous surroundings. It is located 1,377 km from London, 292 km from Vienna, 350 km from Berlin, and 1,037 km from Paris. The Czech Republic is located in the center of Europe, and surrounded by Austria, Slovakia, Poland, and Germany, with almost the same distance from the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean, and the North Sea.
Location Since 1992, Prague has been considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and a popular tourist destination. It contains some of the world's most well-preserved and varied collections of architecture, from art nouveau to baroque, cubist, gothic, neo-classical and ultra-modern. Demographics Population: 1.2 million people
(However, it can be derived from job statistics that an additional 300,000 people work in Prague without having registered as residents.) Ethnic Composition: Around 95% of Prague's population are Czech. The other four percent is divided into Slavic groups and other. Religious Compostion: Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% HDI Ranking: 28 Infrastructure and Classification Major Industries: fuels, ferrous metallurgy, machinery & equipment, coal, motor vehicles, glass, armaments Economic Sector: Prague is best classified by the tertiary sector, as its primary income is from tourism services. World Hierarchy: alpha-world city Prague