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Trade Routes: Silk Road & Gold-Salt Trade

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Catherine Natale

on 19 October 2018

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Transcript of Trade Routes: Silk Road & Gold-Salt Trade

Trade Routes: Silk Road & Gold-Salt Trade
Gold-Salt
Trade
Exit Activity:
Complete the "African Empires Map" and questions

SECTION I: Use the information over each empire provided and highlight the important facts.
*Focus on: Location, Trade, Religion, etc.*

SECTION II: Using the information provided in Section I (timeline of empires & map), answer the questions provided in Complete Sentences.
Warm-Up Questions:
In your notebooks, please answer the following questions:

1. Why did civilizations trade?
2. What were the pros & cons of trading?
3. Is it better to trade strictly within a civilization or to
branch out and trade with other civilizations?

Unit 5
The Silk Road
Location:
Stretched from China to Eastern Europe
along northern boarders of China, India, and Persia
ended near present-day Turkey & Mediterranean Sea
Height of the Silk Road:
Trade increased & decreased based on various reasons
conditions of regions (terrain, climate, etc.)
warfare
The Spread of Religion:
Han dynasty: Buddhist temples, shrines, & sculptures were built along Chinese portions of the Silk Road
Buddhism continued to spread as monks came to teach in China & students of Buddhism traveled to India to learn more about the faith
Marco....
Polo!
Decline of the Silk Road:
Late 1400s:
Silk Road was no longer the only trade route

connecting the East and the West
Europeans & Asians: began making
greater use of sea routes
which were faster = less expensive
Ming dynasty
: regained control of China in 1368 (conquered Yuan Dynasty - Kublai Khan)
established a policy of
isolationism
= less contact with the West
Geography:
At least 800 miles from north-south
About 3,000 miles from west-east
The Berbers:
Nomads who traveled across the Sahara in camel caravans
Several different camel routes
The Berber tribes controlled (by force of arms) the oases on particular routes, as well as key territories both to the north and to the south of the desert
Trade:
Salt = important import
exchanged for an equal weight of gold

People of sub-Saharan Africa used the salt to preserve food
also to replace the salt their bodies would lose in the hot climate
Religion:
Islam expanded to areas of sub-Saharan Africa
result of the gold-salt trade
Many Berbers were Muslim
introduced beliefs to states they traded with
Cultural Diffusion!
Over time, natives of the trading empires adapted parts of the faith and some even converted fully
The Significance of Timbuktu:
City in the western African country of Mali
Mansa Musa & Ibn Battuta:
The Silk Road stretched about 4,350 miles!
HEIGHT:
Tang dynasty: trade along the Silk Road began to grow again
Encouraged trade
Protected and extended the routes
Imported new items from the west: clothing, games/sports, music, plants, & spices
Results: Towns began to grow & Tang capital city - Chang'an thrived

Merchants
Craftsmen
Missionaries
Religious Pilgrims
Entertainers
Diplomats
Entrepreneurs
Artists
Adventurers
Types of People Who Traveled the Silk Road
*Buddhism*:
Islam:
Christianity:
Tang dynasty: Islam spread from the Near East into Persia & C. Asia, with outposts in China and India
Christianity also arrived in China by 635
The most famous
European Explorer
to
travel the entirety of the Silk Road
Met with Kublai Khan (Genghis Khan's grandson) during the Mongol reign in China
Documented his experiences in China
Accounts of Culture and Chinese goods encouraged many European Explorers to set out for Asia
Some trade via the Silk Road continued, but it never was as active as it once had been
The Sahara Desert
Salt
Horses
Copper
Dates
Gold
Ivory
Kola Nuts
Slaves
North:
South:
Trading post
on the trans-Saharan trade route
Center of Islamic Culture
Education flourished
Universities built
Learning expanded
Mali King
Brought Mali to peak & prime
1312-1337
Most powerful king in Western Africa



*Claim to Fame = Helped promote
religion of Islam
Moroccan Muslim Scholar
Most widely traveled scholar of his time
Wrote detailed accounts of visits to Islamic lands
China to Spain & W. Sudan


*Claim to Fame = documented
travel & provided insight to
far-away lands
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