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Transcript of Narrative Introduction
Elements in an Introduction
You have to explain
where you are
so that the reader is able to picture your location and it makes your story more realistic and easier to imagine.
e.g. school, market, zebra crossing
1st person & 3rd person POV (recap)
An introduction can be written in a 1st person or 3rd person's point of view.
1st person narrative is called
, where the writer is one of the chracters involved in the story, and the writer often talks about their feelings in the process.
Ways of writing an Introduction
1. Description of Settings
5. Sound effects
For this lesson, we will be focusing on the first 3, as they are harder to master.
Narratives often start with 2 people talking to give a clear description of the main conflict in the story.
The choice of words to describe the way that the speakers speak helps the reader understand the mood of the text and the characters' emotions
e.g. "Oh no! That is Mr Lim's favourite vase! Why did you break it?" Jenny exclaimed. "I did not do it on purpose!" replied Alex, flustered.
Story that has happened in the past to a certain character, can be you or someone else.
5 key elements of a narrative:
2. Rising Action
4. Falling Action
1. Description of Settings
The introduction needs to capture the reader's attention at once while clearly explaining the manin conflict.
Within the introduction, give a clear explanation about what happened in the beginning.
Emotions can be included.
DO NOT WRITE ABOUT
(e.g. GHOSTS, ALIENS ETC.)
Settings of a Story
In the introduction of a narrative, you need to
introduce the settings
explain the key situation
in the story.
These 4 key elements that must be included in a narrative are as follows:
A writer can choose to finish narrating these 4 elements within the introduction (i.e. he chooses to write an
introduction that provides a description of the settings
This tells the reader
who is involved
in the situation, and can include the author himself.
A narrative generally includes
2 or more parties
, where there has to be 2 different/ conflicting points of views for the conflict in the story to occur.
e.g. You were on the way home one day when you saw you friend, Ali stealing a pencil from a stationery shop.
You, Ali, Stationery Shop Owner, Police (Optional)
This refers to the moment or period of time where you are describing your story.
- Answers the question '
does most of your story occur?'
e.g. That day, On Tuesday, 10 minutes later, At 5.30pm
Ways to write an Introduction
This is the most common type of introduction, as many writers find it easier to include their emotions throughout the story and reflect on the event at the end.
description of the past in the main character's thoughts
as he recalls the event, which will usually evolve to become the main event in the story.
e.g. It was finally the time for me to collect my exam results. It may have been one month since the examination, but the feelings of insecurity and anxiety were still as strong within me.
5. Sound Effects
Question starts the topic of the story. Usually the question is to make the reader think.
e.g. Have you ever regretted a decision you made?
Starts the story with a sound commonly heard in our surroundings, to help the reader imagine the setting of the story.
e.g. "Ringgg!" The school bell rang loudly, indicating the end of class.
Capture your reader's attention from the start by giving a
about the settings.
Include sensory details - what the main character
sees, smells, touches, tastes and hears
e.g. Time: The first rays of sun seeped gently into my room, waking me up with its warm glow.
Place: The food court was brimming with people, with long snake-like queues as people waited to order and collect their food.