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Architecture

Extended Application
by

Devin Volk

on 8 November 2014

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Transcript of Architecture

Isaac Chan
Marcel Erickson
Devin Volk
Kasey Wang
Architecture in America
Gothic Revival
Art Deco Movement
Wrightian/Prairie Style
Activity
Characteristics
Post-War Society
Design
Characteristics
Federal Period
Example Two
Colonists sought to distance themselves from English ways
Industrialization
Increased steel production
Increased Immigration
Migration to Cities
Cheap factory labor
Increased production
Lower wages
Advances in technology
High rate from 1865-1900
Poor Irish,German, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Russia, and Great Britain.
Very hard workers
New jobs
Search for a better life
Get rich quick
Dumbbell Tenements
Overcrowding
Fit lots of people in small spaces
Sharing of facilities
Stronger than wrought iron
About the same price
Easy to mass produce
Bessemer process
Lowered steel prices
Created mass production
Shortened time required
Activity
Skyscrapers
George A. Fuller
Pioneered skyscrapers
Partially solved the load bearing problem
The Tacoma Building
Overcrowding
Build up rather than out
Land became more expensive
Louis Sullivan
Form follows function
True load bearing technology
Reaction to Modernism
1875-1910
1900-1920
Greek Revival
Independence From
Great Britain in 1776
Georgian Style identified with English
Societal Shift
Shift to organic style of building
Georgian Style
Led by Architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Architects felt industrial techniques created inferior products and dehumanized workers
Idolization of Scientific Achievement
Advances in Technology
Materialism
1920's-1930's
Sleek
Decorative and Ornamental
Modernism into fashion
New and Old mixed
Geometric Forms
Symmetrical, repeating patterns
Bold use of stainless steel, aluminum, and others
Lots of color
Characteristics
slightly pitched roof
simple symmetrical boxlike shape
decorative balustrade on the perimeter
By:
Shaping New Government
Wished to Identify with the first democracy, Greece.
Greece also fighting for independence.
Characteristics
Enormous columned porches over the front door
Or in the general style of a Greek temple
Variations
Replaced expensive stone columns with sanded lumber.
A Style for the Rich
Built of Stone
Intricate and oddly shaped buildings
Focused on blending architecture with nature
Fit buildings into surrounding landscape by emphasizing horizontality
Techniques
Proliferation
Low pitched roofs, extremely wide eaves
Nails vs. Pegs
Market Revolution
Lumber Industry Developed
Stress of Corruption and Industrialization
Bands of casement windows, wide porches
Characteristics
Pointed Arches
Ornate Tracery and Trim Pitched Gabled Roofs
Suburbanization
Spread From Cities
GI Bill of Rights
Federal Aid Highway Act
Within the Suburbs
Ranch Style
Craftsman Style
Easily Customizable
Single story
Built around a garage
Inexpensive
1780-1830
Final Activity
1840-1860
1830-1860
Rise of Early Conservationism
Full transcript