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Life in the Colonies

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Charles Quay

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Life in the Colonies

Life in the Colonies
Culture in the Colonies
1720s-1740s saw a religious revival sweep through the colonies
This "Great Awakening" was led by Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield
The Way out
Colonial Rule
King James II tried to tighten control over the colonies in late 1600s
1688: Parliament deposes James II and puts his daughter Mary in charge
1689: English Bill of Rights signed into law guaranteed certain rights to all English citizens (including the colonists)

English Bill of Rights
part of the heritage of English law
later inspired the people who created the American Bill of Rights
North American Colonies
England viewed them as economic resource
North American raw materials -> English made goods -> sold in the colonies
Mercantilism: as trade grows, gold reserves increase, country becomes more powerful (exports > imports)
Navigation Acts
established between 1651 and 1673
purpose: to make sure only England benefited from colonial trade
Colonial merchants could only use English ships
Colonists could not send certain products outside the British Empire

Checkpoint
Using your white board answer the following:
Where did raw materials come from and who provided the manufactured goods in the mercantile system?
Colonial Government
brought with them ideas about government from England
based upon limited government and representative government
limited government established 1215 by Magna Carta
protected from unjust punishment
protection from loss of life, liberty and property except according to law
limited power of central goverment
Types of Colonies
growth of colonies led them to rely on own governments and laws

Charter Colonies
Connecticut and Rhode Island fit into this category
Charter = grant of rights and privileges
elected own governors and members of legislature
Great Britain had power to approve the governor but he could not veto acts of legislature
Proprietary Colonies
Delaware, Maryland and Pennsylvania
individuals or group given the land for the colony
could basically run as they wished
appointed governor and upper house of legislature, lower house elected by colonists
Voting Rights
only some people had voting rights
generally white men who owned property
most women, indentured servants, landless poor, and African Americans could not vote
higher proportion of people involved in government in colonies than anywhere else in Europe
helped when the colonies became independent
Royal Colonies
Georgia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia
ruled directly by leaders in Great Britain
King appointed governor and council (upper house)
colonists elected the assembly (lower house)
conflicts arose between the council and assembly when the council obeyed rulers in England
Checkpoint
Use Your White Board to answer:
How did the Magna Carta influence government in the colonies?

Family Roles
families formed the foundation of colonial society
women cooked, made butter, preserved food, spun yarn, made clothes, and tended chickens and cows
men worked fields, built barns, houses and fences, formal head of the household, spoke for the family in the community
women could not speak in public, vote, or serve as clergy in most areas
norm was different in cities and towns, where women could hold jobs outside the home
widows and spinsters could own property and businesses but could not vote
Education
education valued in the colonies
taught to read and write at home
New England and Pennsylvania set up school systems
Massachusetts had a law by 1647 that made it so any community with over 50 people had to have a school supported by public taxes
by 1750, N.E. had 85% literacy among men and 50% among women
the first colleges were Harvard College (1636) and William and Mary College (1693)
The Enlightenment
influenced the colonies by the mid-1700s
was the idea that knowledge, reason and science could improve society
one of the best known scientists in the olonies was Benjamin Franklin
Freedom of the Press
1735 - John Zenger printed an article that was critical of NY's royal governor
faced charges of libel
Andrew Hamilton argued free speech was a basic right of English people
asked the jury to make its decision based upon the truth of the article rather than its offensiveness
though at the time not very important, became a basis for later American law (1st Amendment)
Checkpoint
After discussing with your neighbor, please your response to the following on the whiteboard:
In what ways did colonists support/increase education in the colonies?
Full transcript