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German Depth Study - Germany 1918-1945

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James Panton

on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of German Depth Study - Germany 1918-1945

What will we be studying? Key Question 1: Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

Focus Points
• How did Germany emerge from defeat in the First World War?
• What was the economic and political impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Weimar Republic?
• To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923?
• What were the achievements of the Weimar period? Key Question 2: Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1933?
Focus Points
• What did the Nazi Party stand for in the 1920s?
• Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930?
• Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor by 1933?
• How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933? Key Question 3(a): The Nazi regime: how effectively did the Nazis control Germany, 1933–1945?
Focus Points
• How much opposition was there to the Nazi regime?
• How effectively did the Nazis deal with their political opponents?
• How did the Nazis use culture, propaganda and the mass media to
control the people?
• Why did the Nazis persecute many groups in German society? Key Question 3(b): The Nazi regime: what was it like to live in Nazi Germany?
Focus Points
• What was the purpose of the Hitler Youth?
• How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family?
• Were most people better off under Nazi rule?
• How did the coming of war change life in Germany? Key Question 1: Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

Focus Points
• How did Germany emerge from defeat in the First World War?
• What was the economic and political impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Weimar Republic?
• To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923?
• What were the achievements of the Weimar period? 1918 - End of WWI 1923 - Stresemann becomes chancellor 1929 - Wall street Crash 1933 - Hitler become Chancellor 1939 - start of WWII 1945 - Germany defeated
Hitler kills himself Lesson 1: Objective

To Analyze the condition of Germany after World war one Lesson 1 Outcomes:

Good - Pupils are able to describe the impact of the war on Germany

Even better if - Pupils are able to explain the significance of the impact.

Exceptional when - categorize the different problems. Activity 1: Summarize the points below

Germany before the war (1914)

Germany were a proud people.
The Kaiser was a virtual dictator.
Prospering businesses and workforce.
Great optimism about Germany's strength.
Believed in 'place in the sun' However, after the war... Activity 2: After the War (Again, summarize the points)

Much of Germany destroyed
Proud German Army was defeated
German people surviving on turnips and bread(Sawdust used to make it go further)
Flu epidemic sweeping through Germany Activity 3 Using the Big Ben Walsh Text book
Use page 251 to create a diagram of the impact WW1 had on Germany.

Focus on the main points 1st
Then add pictures and color.

Variations

Mind Map
List
Storyboard
Just pictures

Key focus should be on the main details and how these link together Activity 4

A: Using the Diagram you have created sort the problems - there 8 of them into the following categories:

Political Challenges
Social Challenges
Economic Problems

B: What problems are most serious, what do you believe you need to address 1st and why? Starter Activity: Watch the Video and make notes
about the problems faced by Germany after WW1 Plenary:
What was the biggest problem facing Germany after WW1 and why? Lesson 1 Outcomes:

Good - Pupils are able to describe the impact of the war on Germany.

Even better if - Pupils are able to explain the significance of the impact.

Exceptional when - categorize the different problems. Versailles Hitler Nazi Party Hyperinflation Stresemann The Golden years Dictatorship Impact of WW1 Propaganda Life in Nazi Germany What is the message of this cartoon? An illustration from an 1919 Austrian postcard. What is the message of this cartoon? A 1924 right-wing German political cartoon showing Philipp Scheidemann, the German Social Democratic politician who proclaimed the Weimar Republic and was its second Chancellor, and Matthias Erzberger, an anti-war politician from the Centre Party, who signed the armistice with the Allies, as stabbing the German Army in the back Watch this video and make notes on Germany's problems after WW1 Skills used today:

Note making
Extracting information
Evaluation
Source work
Categorizing / prioritizing Lesson 2

The Birth of the Weimar Republic Good - pupils will be able to identify key features of the Weimar government

EBI - Pupils are able to use numeracy in History

Exceptional when - Pupils are able to evaluate the effectiveness (Strengths and weaknesses) of The Weimar Government Starter activity
KaiserAutocracyAbdicateDemocracyRepublicConstitution
Weimar Republic
President
Friedrich Ebert
Reichstag
Chancellor
Dictator
Fuhrer KaiserAutocracyAbdicateDemocracyRepublicConstitutionWeimar RepublicPresidentFriedrich EbertReichstagChancellorDictatorFuhrer Starter activity: Heads and Tails Activity 1

Look at the 1914 Germany constitution

1: Who has power and why?
2: What are the strengths and benefits?
3: What are the problems?

Now do the same for the 1919 Constitution
What's changed? Moving on... Activity 2: What is proportional representation? Activity 3

Using page 252 make DETAILED notes to explain;

1:The problems Ebert faced.
2: Who opposed the new government. Plenary
What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar constitution? Why is a Germany like a vacuum in 1919? 'The Mammoth military superiority of our neighbor's'
F= Peace time strength
R= Reservists Lesson Outcomes:

Good - Pupils will be able to identify the different groups operating in Germany after WW1.

Even better if - Pupils are able to explain the motives of these different groups.

Exceptional when - Pupils are able to evaluate if there really was a German revolution. The Right: The Freikorps The left: The Spartacists Lesson 3 Objective:

Who was opposed to the Weimar Government and why? Activity 1: Think per share Keywords

Communism
Conservative
Social Democrat Clue: What does it do?
What is a vacuum? Activity 2:

Using the information complete your chart.


The Groups that opposed the government
Aims
Methods
Actions Activity 3

Create a propaganda poster
or a speech for either

The Spartacists
The Freikorps
The Social Democrats Plenary Debate:

Was there really a revolution in Germany between 1918-1919? Lesson 4 Objective:

To assess how much of a threat political Weimar was to the stability of the government Lesson 4 outcomes:

Good if pupils consolidate and deepen knowledge about political Anti Weimar Groups.

Even better if - Pupils are able to explain how much of a threat these groups posed

Exceptional when - pupils are able to produce a TV style report to explain the violence. And So... How are we going to do this?

Summary writing
Producing a TV style report Starter activity

Social Democrats
Spartcists
Freikorps Activity 1 - Split Double page in to 4
Using the purple text book

Make notes on the four groups

Who / What and why and successes. Review activity:

Create a short television report to explain about the key events form the previous activity.

Sir will lead but he needs help and creativity from you guys to make this work. Plenary Activity

Who posed the biggest threat to Weimar and why? Lesson Objective:

To assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles Outcomes:

Good - If pupils are able to identify the terms of the treaty of Versailles.
EBI - Pupils are able to explain its impact/ significance.
Exceptional when - Pupils are able to evaluate what part of the treaty was the biggest problem. To do this:

Complete a market stall activity
Source work activities The Treaty of Versailles Activity 1: There are 5 bases in the room.

The bases are
Land
Army
Money
Blame

There is some information on each base.

The final base is source work Activity 1: Market Stall time Activity 2 Debate Activity 2: What posed the biggest problem


What out of the four areas caused Germany the biggest problem?

What would they be the most unhappy with and why? Activity 1

Highlight the key words from each paragraph. The Invasion of the Rhur and Hyperinflation Outcomes
Good - Pupils can identify reasons why the french invaded the Rhur.

EBI- Pupils can explain the impact this had on Germany.

Exceptional when - Pupils are able to evaluate if it was the treaty was to blame for the problems. Objective:

To Assess the impact of the French invasion of the Rhur and Hyperinflation Activity 2: Hyperinflation Causes
Effects
Results What is the message of the source? Write full sentences to explain:


A: What caused Hyperinflation?
B: What were the effects of
C: Hyperinflation were
What were the results of Hyperinflation? How?

Highlighting
Source work
Explanation 1: Stab in the back Treaty of Versailles Political Violence Invasion of the Ruhr Hyperinflation Story So Far... ? ? What is this all about? LO: Weimar: To assess Cultural achievements All - identify cultural achievements in Weimar.

EBI - Explain the significance of these changes.

Exceptional when - we can evaluate these changes LO: To examine cultural achievements in Weimar Germany Starter:
What can Art tell us about Weimar Germany? Grey Day: George Grosz The Agitator: George Grosz Otto Dix: The veteran Activity 1: Complete the chart to assess some of the other achievements of Weimar Germany.

White book: Pages 28-29

Ben Walsh: 260 -269 Plenary

'Weimar Germany was an exciting and creative place'

'The society of Weimar was rotten and corrupt'.

To what extent do you agree with the above statements? GCSE History: 4th Form
Section 2:
Germany Depth Study 1918-1945 1. The Wiemar Republic
2. Hitler and the Rise of the Nazis
3. Life in Nazi Germany"Freedom and Justice are twin sisters. Freedom can only flourish when protected by strong governmental order. To protect this order and to recreate it where it was violated is of the highest importance to those who love freedom." Ebert in 1919."Freedom and Justice are twin sisters. Freedom can only flourish when protected by strong governmental order. To protect this order and to recreate it where it was violated is of the highest importance to those who love freedom." Ebert in 1919.Joseph Goebbels Joseph Goebbels Auschwitz concentration camp Irma Ida Ilse Grese Friedrich Ebert
First President of the
Wiemar Republic (1919-
1925) "Freedom and Justice are twin sisters. Freedom can only flourish when protected by strong government order. To protect this order and to recreate it where it is violated is of the highest importance to those who love freedom."
Ebert, 1919. During his Presidency Ebert had to content with:
the shame Germans felt at losing the war
the humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles
the economic problems after WWI
the invasion of the Rhur
hyperinflation

"Long Live
Germany" Gertrude Scholz-Klink
head of the Nazi
Women's Bureau Heinrich Himmler
Head of the Gestapo
(Nazi Secret Police) Joseph Goebbels
Minister for Propaganda "Labour
makes
(you)
free" Auschwitz Concentration Camp
Poland. Irma Grese
"The Beast of
Belsen"
22 year old
Prison Guard at
Belsen Concentration
Camp The Jew Warmonger War prolonger
Full transcript