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Transcript of Archetypes
The essence of the hero is not bravery or nobility, but self-sacrifice. The mythic hero is one who will endure separation and hardship for the sake of his clan. The hero must pay a price to obtain his goal.
The hero must learn in order to grow. Often the heart of a story is not the obstacles he faces, but the new wisdom he acquires, from a mentor, a lover, or even from the villain. Other characters besides the protagonist can have heroic qualities. This can be especially true of the antagonist.
The mentor is a character who aids or trains the hero. The essence of the mentor is the wise old man or woman. The mentor represents the wiser and more godlike qualities within us.
At times this character can be the mentor, but is usually intellectually inferior to the hero. the Sidekick’s function is to show faithful support.
The threshold guardian is the first obstacle to the hero in his journey. The threshold is the gateway to the new world the hero must enter to change and grow.
Historically this has been the character
who is viewed as the reward or the romantic interest of the hero. Generally it has been a female character but in recent times, this has become less gender specific.
The shapeshifter changes role or personality, often in significant ways, and is hard to understand. That very changeability is the essence of this archetype. The shapeshifter's alliances and loyalty are uncertain, and the sincerity of his claims is often questionable. This keeps the hero off guard.
The Shadow archetype is a negative figure, representing things we don't like and would like to eliminate.
The shadow often takes the form of the antagonist in a story. But not all antagonists are villains; sometimes the antagonist is a good guy whose goals disagree with the protagonist's. If the antagonist is a villain, though, they are the shadow.
The Trickster is a clown, a mischief maker. He provides the comedy relief that a story often needs to offset heavy dramatic tension. The trickster keeps things in proportion.
The trickster can be an ally or companion of the hero, or may work for the villain. In some instances the trickster may even be the hero or villain. In any role, the trickster usually represents the force of cunning, and is pitted against opponents who are stronger or more powerful.
This assignment is to be done in partnerships.
This character is in charge of announcing any event happening in the story.
Usually it is someone making the call to adventure for the hero. It is a small part but very important.
As we discussed yesterday, Joseph Campbell developed the Hero's Journey 12 step path. Within that he details 7 characters that exist in every story.
This term refers to a set of patterns that literary works follow.
Yesterday we went over one archetype (The Hero's Journey) dealing with the story's structure.
Today we will go over
the character archetypes (patterns)
Think about these characters as jobs that exist at every restaurant. Every restaurant has cooks, cashiers and a handful of other jobs. At times, some restaurants are understaffed and cashiers are asked to clean bathrooms. In other fine restaurants, there are many employees that do the same job (e.g. 10 cashiers to help with one job while others are to clean bathrooms)
The Fast Food/Fine Restaurant Analogy
Just like in this analogy, many stories have hundreds of characters, meaning there may be many people to play each role. In other stories there may be only 3 or 4 characters and some might have to play multiple roles.
Again, remember, every job needs to be done in the story, but some people can work together to complete the job.
8 Character Types:
5. Threshold Guardian
You'll need to understand what each character's job is.
1. In your partnerships you need to pick a movie that you are both familiar with.
2. In evernote, label each of the characters to the Hero's Journey character archetyoes.
3. Include an image of each character and a brief description of why they fit that particular role.
In the ACT, you will be asked to compare two writing samples. The Hero's journey gives you a stock structure to be able to easily compare two stories that my not seem similar.
You are also asked to make connections between a text and your life. we are all at certain steps in the hero's journey. We can use this to help make those connections. We can also use it to identify certain characters in our own lives.
Why is this so important?