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Hermaphrodite

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by

Katy Smith

on 16 March 2011

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Transcript of Hermaphrodite

Hermaphroditism A sex development disorder in which a person obtains both male and female gene tails, also called Intersex. They have both ovarian and testicular tissues. Sometimes one gonad becomes a testis while the other becomes an ovary; sometimes the gonads become "ovotestes" containing a mixture of male and female components. Those with hermaphroditism have infirtility.
Occurs in about 1 in 250,000 pregnancies The chromosome (karotype) compliment can be XX (female),
XY (male), XX/XY (mosiac) or even XO (extremely rare).
Those XX with female genitalia are raised female (some have even
given birth). Those XY with male genitalia are raised male
(a few have fathered children). The children born XX/XY or XO
(with genitalia male or female are raised in the sex they look most like),
Those born with ambiguous genitalia have many medical tests for the
doctors to determine which sex they should be assigned. Doctors then recommend early surgery to make the child look physically like the sex assigned to them Hermaphrodite came from joining the names of a Greek god and goddess, Hermes and Aphrodite. Hermes was a god of male sexuality (among other things) and Aphrodite a goddess of female sexuality, love, and beauty. The 18-year-old South African champ has no womb or ovaries and her testosterone levels are more than three times higher than those of a normal female, according to reports. The tests, ordered by The International Association of Athletics Federations after Semenya's 800-meter victory in the World Championships, determined she's a hermaphrodite - having both male and female organs Caster Semenya (Intersex) Can be divided into four catagories:
46, XX Intersex
46, XY Intersex
True Gonadal Intersex
Complex or Undetermined Intersex The person has the chromosomes of a woman, the ovaries of a woman, but external (outside) genitals that appear male. The person has the chromosomes of a man, but the external genitals are incompletely formed, ambiguous, or clearly female. Internally, testes may be normal, malformed, or absent. This condition is also called 46, XY with undervirilization. It used to be called male pseudohermaphroditism. Here the person must have both ovarian and testicular tissue. This might be in the same gonad (an ovotestis), or the person might have one ovary and one testis. The person may have XX chromosomes, XY chromosomes, or both. The external genitals may be ambiguous or may appear to be female or male. This condition used to be called true hermaphroditism. Many chromosome configurations other than simple 46, XX or 46, XY can result in disorders of sex development. These include 45, XO (only one X chromosome), and 47, XXY, 47, XXX -- both cases have an extra sex chromosome, either an X or a Y. Symptoms:
Ambiguous genitalia at birth
Micropenis
Clitoromegaly (an enlarged clitoris)
Partial labial fusion
Apparently undescended testes (which may turn out to be ovaries) in boys
Labial or inguinal (groin) masses -- which may turn out to be testes -- in girls
Hypospadias (the opening of the penis is somewhere other than at the tip; in females, the urethra [urine canal] opens into the vagina)
Otherwise unusual appearing genitalia at birth
Electrolyte abnormalities
Delayed or absent puberty
Unexpected changes at puberty Happens spontaniously, can't be passed on
because of infertility.
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