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Myths and Facts on Symptoms and Treatments

Milos Karic

on 15 May 2012

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Transcript of HIV/AIDS

1) What is HIV? 2) Modes of HIV transmission
(myths and reality) 3) Why do I need to get tested for HIV? 4) Why Should I get tested if there is no cure for HIV? 9) Rights and responsibilities of HIV-positive people 5) What is a
HIV Test?
BASICS 1) What is HIV? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome).

HIV attacks the immune system's soldiers - the CD4 cells. When the immune system loses too many CD4 cells, you are less able to fight off infection and can develop serious opportunistic infections (OIs). 4) Why Should I get Tested if There is no Cure for HIV? There is no cure for HIV. But there are drugs that can slow down the virus and protect your immune system. If you do not know your status you cannot get the health care and treatment you may need to stay well. You are also more likely to unknowingly pass HIV to others. YES

Unprotected penetrative sex with a HIV (+) partner (vaginal, anal or oral)
Infected blood and blood products
Sharing infected needles and syringes
Infected mother to child NO
Coughing or sneezing
Using utensils of a HIV+
Using toilet used by a HIV+
Shaking hands
Kissing and embracing
Insect bite 3) Why do I Need to get Tested for HIV? Anyone of any age, gender, race, sexual orientation, or social or economic class can become infected. It is what you do that puts you at risk. If you have used dirty needles or had unprotected sex, a sexually transmitted disease, or hepatitis C you should be tested.

Common myth: "Straight people don't get HIV."
Truth: The majority of HIV+ people worldwide are heterosexual. "Traditional" sex (vaginal intercourse) puts both partners at risk, but the woman is more vulnerable to HIV infection.

Common myth: "I'm safe because I'm in a monogamous relationship (or married).
Truth: You might have gotten infected before your relationship. If not, if your partner is unfaithful, or was already HIV+ before you met, you can still get HIV.

Common myth: "Lesbians don't get HIV."
Truth: Women who only have sex with women are generally at lower risk. Women who consider themselves lesbians but occasionally have sex with men can get infected that way. 10) Prevention Safer Sex

Safer Moms & Babys

Testing & Early Treatment Safer Sex Know your own HIV status and your partner’s too

Use condoms, correctly and consistently

Limit your number of sexual partners Safer Moms & Babies If you are pregnant, or think you might be, please talk to a doctor about getting an HIV test. If you are HIV-positive, there are medications that can dramatically reduce your chance of passing HIV to your baby. The sooner you take those medications, the more likely your baby will be protected. Testing & Early Treatment You can help prevent HIV infections by getting an HIV test. That’s because knowing your HIV status can keep you from accidentally passing the virus to someone else.

Early treatment is another important part of prevention. If you test positive for HIV, you can get the medical care that will help keep you healthy. Treatment can make you less infectious to others, and help you to protect your partner(s). 5) How do HIV tests work? Once HIV enters the body, the immune system starts to produce antibodies .The only way to know if you have HIV is to take an HIV test. The most common HIV tests use blood to detect HIV infection. Tests using saliva or urine are also available. For most people, it takes three months for these antibodies to develop. In rare cases, it
can take up to six months - this period is called “window period” .
The test is fairly accurate and usually, a positive result is not given until a couple of tests have been tried. If ELISA test is positive (if antibodies are present than has to be done the Western Blot test to confir the ressult of ELISA test).

Although a person may feel and look healthy, he/she can still infect others. 6) Where can
I get tested? The results of HIV test must be kept absolutely confidential. Consent

Before taking HIV test you must give consent for being tested. There are different
types of testing available: Confidential HIV test:
the medical professionals handling the HIV test, keep the result of the test confidential within the medical records. Results cannot be shared with another individual unless written permission is provided by the
person tested. Anonymous HIV test: the tested person's name is not used in connection with the test. Instead, a code or number is assigned to the test, which allows the individual being tested to receive the results of the test. No records are kept that would link the person to the test. 7) What do I do if I have HIV? In addition, you can do the following to stay healthy:

􀂃Follow your doctor's instructions.
Keep your appointments.
If your doctor prescribes medicine for you, take it exactly as prescribed.
􀂃Eat healthy foods and use safe drinking water.
􀂃Exercise regularly to stay strong and fit.
􀂃Get enough sleep and rest.

You should also try to:
􀂃Access individual counselling that can give you information about prevention, care and treatment options.
􀂃 Seek support for disclosure to your partner and couples counselling.
􀂃 Follow-up with HIV testing and counselling for your partners and children.
􀂃 Follow your doctor’s advice on safer sex and risk reduction.
If you are pregnant, it is important that you get information on the prevention of mother to-child transmission and advice on infant feeding 8) What does it mean if I test negative for HIV? A negative test result means that no HIV antibodies were found in your blood at the time of testing. If you are negative, make sure you
stay that way.

Testing also confirms your antibody status and may help remind you to keep practicing safer-sex and safer drug-use. Testing can also be very beneficial, since early treatment, intervention, and support can all help in delaying the onset of the virus' symptoms. 6) Where can
I get tested? 7) What do I do
if I have HIV? 8) What does it mean if I
test negative for HIV? Are my test results confidential? HIV/AIDS Silence Ignorance Discrimination Stigma Fear 2) Modes of HIV transmission
(myths and reality) 10) Prevention in hospitals places specifically set up for HIV testing in a local health department 9) Rights and responsibilities
of HIV- positive people Rights right to marriage, family, freedom of movement, tolerance no discrimination,
tolerance, privacy right to health
and health care right to work,
pension and health
insurance right to education,
social protection
and safety cooperation tolerance to be
informed cooperation with health authorities Obligations (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr responsibility
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