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THE HAITI AND KOBE EARTHQUAKE COMPARISON

by Lotte O'Hern and Ellen Knight - Lincoln Minster School
by

mr blob

on 8 November 2015

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Transcript of THE HAITI AND KOBE EARTHQUAKE COMPARISON

Which Was Worse: The Haiti or Kobe
Earthquakes?
The Haiti Earthquake
The Kobe Earthquake
Comparison and
Conclusion
THE HAITI EARTHQUAKE
The Aftermath...
3,500,000
people were affected by the quake
220,000
people estimated to have died
300,000+
people were injured
Over
188,383 houses
were badly damaged and
105,000
were destroyed by the earthquake (293,383 in total),
1.5m people became homeless
After the quake there were 19 million cubic metres of rubble and debris in Port au Prince – enough to fill a line of shipping containers stretching end to end from London to Beirut.
What happened as a result of the earthquake?
Two years
after Haiti was devastated by a magnitude 7 earthquake, international aid donors have delivered only about
half of the billions
of dollars promised for reconstruction, according to UN data.
Haiti faces huge and wide-ranging challenges – from political disputes to chaotic housing projects and conflict over land registry.
The Kobe
Earthquake
The Kobe earthquake is also known as the
Great Hanshin Earthquake.
It happened on
Tuesday the 17th January 1995 at 05:46 am
in Southern Japan and it measured
7.3
on the Richter Scale.
The epicenter was on one of Japan's smaller islands,
Awaji Island.
Awaji Island is only
20km
away from
Kobe
so it affected the city badly.
It only lasted
20 seconds
but it managed to cause approximately
10 Trillion Yen ($102 million)
in damage.
Overall there were
2522 aftershocks
with
408
felt.




What Caused It?
The earthquake was caused by the Pacific plate being subducted by the Philippine plate which caused friction that then caused the earthquake. The plates move very slowly but as Japan is on a fault line it will be affected by the friction that occurs between the plates that meet at this particular fault line.
This is a Destructive boundary.
Why Did it Affect Kobe So Badly?
The Great Hanshin Earthquake was the second largest earthquake to hit Japan during the 20th century.
Most houses that were built after 1981 were only slightly damaged as that was when they started making them earthquake proof.
However, the technology failed and a lot of areas were still very badly damaged by the earthquake.
Because of fires that raged across the city it was very difficult to get ambulances around as the was a lot of smoke and the electricty had been cut-off.
The Prime Minister initially refused the help offered by other countries and in general didn't cope very well the earthquake; he was later critisized for it.

Consequences and Damage
6,434
were killed and
300,000
left homeless.
68

children
under
18
were
orphaned
whilst
332

other children
lost one parent.
1 in 5 houses
in the worst hit area were completely
destroyed
or
uninhabitable
.
Overall approximately
150,000
houses were destroyed.
1km
of the
Hanshin Highway
was destroyed.
120 of 150 quays
were destroyed.
Fires
raged all over the city because of
burst gas pipes
.
The
electricity
was disrupted.
Ambulances and hospitals struggled
to look after the
thousands
of injured people.
Volunteers struggled
to get into buildings and rescue
people trapped
there.
It took place on Tuesday the 12th January 2010. it measured 7.0 on the Richter Scale. the epicenter was near the town of Leogane, approximately 16 miles away from Port-au-Prince which is Haiti's capital.
By January 24th there had been at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater recorded.
Most of Port-au-Prince was slums, resulting in all of the houses being completely flattened.


Consequences and Damage
4,000 schools were damaged or destroyed
25% of civil servants in Port au Prince died
60% of Government and administrative buildings, 80% of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60% of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged
Over 600,000 people left their home area in Port-au-Prince and mostly stayed with host families
At its peak, one and a half million people were living in camps including over 100,000 at critical risk from storms and flooding
What Caused it?
The earthquake was caused by the North American Plate sliding past the Caribbean Plate at a conservative plate margin. Both plates move in the same direction, but one moves faster than the other. The pressure that was built up because of the friction between the 2 plates was eventually released causing a magnitude 7 earthquake on the Richter Scale with an epicentre 16 miles West of Port-au-Prince and a shallow focus of 5 miles. The earthquake struck at 16:53 (4:53pm) local time on Tuesday 12 January 2010.
HAITI
KOBE
Tomiichi Murayama:
Kobe Prime Minister
Although both earthquakes were disastrous many houses in Kobe fell down, but in Haiti seeing as most of it was slums those areas were completely flattened. In Haiti the earthquake killed 220,000 people, over 300,000 people were injured and 293,383 houses were destroyed, leaving around 1.5 million people homeless.
Compared to Haiti, Kobe got off pretty lightly with 6,434 people dead in result of the earthquakes, 150,000 houses destroyed and 300,000 people were left homeless.
In Port-Au-Prince there were 19 million cubic metres of debris and 80% of schools in Port-Au-Prince were destroyed or damaged as well as 60% of the government and administrative buildings. Also, though the gas pipes in Kobe burst causing fires, but the water pipes burst too, meaning that the fire service couldn't put them out. The consequences of this were raging fires across the city.
In conclusion the effects of the earthquakes resulted in more deaths in Haiti, however it had more violent effects in Kobe
Comparing the Effects
Aftermath

Even after the initial chaos of the earthquake and the president not coping well with the effects of the earthquake the
Kansai Airport and Akashi Bridge were never damaged
. Also in the coming months Kobe managed to pick itself back up.
By July Mitsubishi and Panasonic had re-opened as well as the public systems
, they had managed to
clear all the rubble
and almost all of the
main business buildings had been fixed
. By
August
all the
trains were working
. A year later
80% of the port was functiona
l, however, the
highway remained closed.
Also Kobe learned from the catastrophe and they
improved the safety standards of their buildings;
they made sure they were
earthquake and fire proof
. They also made sure the buildings were
built on solid rock
so that all the buildings could
absorb shocks well
. Finally they
installed more seismographs and other machines
so that they could keep track of how the earth was moving and make sure they were
better prepared for the next earthquake.


Comparing The Aftermath
After the earthquake Kobe got back on it's feet fairly quickly and everything was mostly
back to normal by July
as well as
improving
it's earthquake defenses and by the next year other than Hanshin Highway and the Port Kobe had almost fully recovered and improved. However, Haiti had, at it's peak, over
1 and a half million people were living in camps
. As Haiti wasn't and still isn't as advanced as Kobe it is a lot harder for them to recover. Even now
3 years after
the earthquake they still
haven't got the money they need
to rebuild everything, it's going to be
a struggle
that could go on
for years
for them to finally get Haiti back to normal.
VS
KOBE
HAITI
Conclusion
In conclusion although both earthquakes were of a very similar magnitude, Haiti was affected much more worse than Kobe because it didn't have nearly as much money and advancement in technology to recover from the earthquake.
An example of this is that Haiti was mainly built out of slums and Kobe had lots of money and had many business buildings as it was rich city.
Also Kobe had an advantage as it had some buildings with earthquake defenses and that meant that they weren't completely destroyed. Compare this to Haiti's slums where the houses are built just provide shelter and they aren't meant to withstand anything.
THANKS FOR WATCHING
Similarities and Differences
They both happened on a Tuesday!
Similarities
They both had earthquakes around 7.0 on the Richter Scale
Neither had planned for an earthquake of that scale.
A lot more people died in Haiti than in Kobe
One happened in a third world country compared to a technologically advanced country.
Kobe recovered a lot quicker than Haiti.
Haiti was mostly slums whereas Kobe had more proper houses.
One plate (Haiti) was a conservative plate that caused, but for Kobe it was a destructive plate boundary
Differences
GAS
They both had large areas of destroyed or damaged houses
WE'RE
LEAVING
HAITI!!!!!!!!
VS
Haiti Was Worse
By Ellen And Lotte
Full transcript