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Revolutionary Period: 1770's

Aissata Diallo, Matthew Knight, Nhi Tran American Literature and U.S. History - Block 2

Nhi Tran

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of Revolutionary Period: 1770's

State of Economy Most Important Law Most Memorable Book Most Impactful Person Most Significant War Most Memorable Scandal Most Impactful Invention Most Memorable Song Most Significant Social Movement Most Impactful U.S. Government Official One Word to Symbolize the 1770's The Birth of a Nation Aissata Diallo
Matthew S. Knight
Nhi T. Tran 18 December 2012 PATRIOTISM Starting formation of American identity Recognizing colonies as a self-sufficient country Self confidence in American military power Revolutionary Movement Britain left in high debt after last war Britain begins taxing colonies Passes "Intolerable Acts" Common Sense by Thomas Paine The act of precision shooting
Any Projectile Weapon: The Pennsylvania Long Rifle
Distance: 200+ yards Lack of routine in childhood Benedict
Arnold A successful military leader Friend of George Washington Often in trouble Troops lacked discipline Benedict
Arnold Demoted for acts of insubordination Often criticised and discredited Benedict Arnold Refused position in Continental army Bargained with British major Plot discovered Traitor Benjamin Franklin Emerging middle class Wealth was in Virginia Slave importation boycotted by
landowners due to imports
benefitting Britain May 6, 1775 - Second Continental Congress Passed law to use paper money Designed paper money Created Continental Army Elected Washington to head Continental Army Yeomen support Revolution due to British trade monopoly 1775, Virginia on verge of collapse due to slave revolts Economic data not recorded until 1800's Currency - pounds, shillings, pence 240 pence = 20 shillings = 1 pound Each colony hath different currencies Average cost of good in 1775 - $7.41 Colonists boycott British goods Tea Act passed - May 10, 1773 Leads to Boston Tea Party Colonists angry and bold Many wish for independence "Give me liberty or give me death!" - Patrick Henry Speeches and pamphlets calling for armed action Intolerable Acts passed Tea Act of 1773 Sparked Revolution Led to Boston Tea Party Boston Port Bill Administration of Justice Act Massachusetts Government Act Quebec Act Angered colonists Fueled Revolutionary Movement Sparked Revolutionary War American War of Independence War between North American colonies and Britain. Foreign help largely from France Published January of 1776 anonymously Blames colonies' troubles and suffering on King George III and monarchies Called for independence instead of reconciliation Instantly popular in colonies and Europe Fueled Revolutionary War Diminished uncertainty of
calling for independence Shews why British connections are obtrusive and why independence is best British wars will affect colonies' trade industry Will also affect possible alliances Monarchies = Oppression "Common Sense" - Age of Reason Guerrilla Warfare: Target British Officers Scouting Diversion Backwoodsmen American Employment of Sharpshooting and the Shooters Sharpshooting and Weapons History Spotlight: Morgan's Riflemen Founder: Daniel Morgan A light infantry division Chose their own targets Derived from British imposing Intolerable Acts March 5, 1770 September 5, 1774 Boston Massacre First Continental Congress May 10, 1773 Tea Act December 16, 1773 Boston Tea Party April 19, 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord Inspired Age of Reason Increased American allies Literature contained ideas for representative democracy War allowed literature to be public forum for ideas Thomas Paine 1775 - Emigrated from England Friend of Benjamin Franklin Began journalism career January 1776, published "Common Sense" First work to openly ask for Independence Sparked American Revolution 1776 - Published series of essays called "The American Crisis" Washington ordered essays to be read to troops Helped enlighten low morale of soldiers before Delaware River Crossing Use of logic to specify blame of colonies' suffering on Britain Reasoning and questioning Empowered women Rationalism Political literature Discussed nature of government and society Focused on colonies' relationship with Britain Age of Politics Age of Opinion Openly shared opinions Criticism Argumentative Straightforward, direct tone Yankee Doodle Yankee Doodle went to town
A-riding on a pony
He stuck a feather in his hat
And called it macaroni Chorus:
Yankee Doodle, keep it up
Yankee Doodle dandy
Mind the music and the step
and with the girls be handy! Father and I went down to camp
Along with Captain Gooding
And there we saw the men and boys
As thick as hasty pudding. And there was Captain Washington
And gentle folks about him
They say he's grown so tarnal proud
He will not ride without them. Originally a British song Used to make fun of American troops Satirical piece about American's attempt to be "refined" Eventually Americans adapted song and added lines Brought soldiers closer with self-satire Used song to ridicule British troops Served as inspiration Lowered British morale "...but it was not a little mortifying to hear them play this tune when their army marched down to our surrender."
-Thomas Anburey Chorus:
Yankee Doodle, keep it up
Yankee Doodle dandy
Mind the music and the step
and with the girls be handy! Chorus:
Yankee Doodle, keep it up
Yankee Doodle dandy
Mind the music and the step
and with the girls be handy! Speeches focused on colonies' power to secede from Britain Pamphlets and essays published to call for independence Poems focus on great American leaders in revolution Flow of patriotic songs for battlefield and entertainment Women fought for Revolution both at home and battlefield Boycott of British goods Works Cited Dolle, Raymond. "Yankee Doodle and the Country Dance from Lexington to Yorktown." earlyamerica.com. Archiving Early America, n.d.
Web. 16 Dec 2012. <http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/2011_winter_spring/yankee-doodle.html>. Paine, Thomas. Common Sense. Philadelphia: printed. W. and T. Bradford [1776]; Bartleby.com, 1999.
<http://www.bartleby.com/133/.>. "Thomas Paine's Common Sense." earlyamerica.com. Archiving Early America. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/commonsense/>. Gillian, Courtney. "Contributions of Women during the American Revolution." http://www2.lhric.org. N.p., 12 1999. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www2.lhric.org/spbattle/wohist.html>. "The Enlightenment." The Literature Network. Jalic Inc.. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www.online-literature.com/periods/enlightenment.php>. "Yankee Doodle Meaning." Schmoop: We Speak Student. Schmoop University Inc., 11 2008. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www.shmoop.com/yankee-doodle/meaning.html>. Glassman, Jonathan. "Yankee Doodle." scoutsong.com: Virtual Songbook. ScoutSongs.com. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www.scoutsongs.com/lyrics/yankeedoodle.html>. Kelly, Martin. "Causes of the American Revolution: The Colonial Mindset and Events That Led to Revolt." About.com: American History. About.com.
Web. 16 Dec 2012. <http://americanhistory.about.com/od/revolutionarywar/a/amer_revolution.htm>. "Major Events of the Revolutionary War." HistoryCentral.com: History's Home on the Web. MultiEducator Inc.. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www.historycentral.com/Revolt/battles.html>. "Timeline of the Revolutionary War." ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/revwartimeline.htm>. "History of the United States Independence (1754-1783)." theUSAonline.com. Active USA Center. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://theusaonline.com/history/independence.htm>. "Who Served Here?: Benedict Arnold." Historic Valley Forge. Independence Hall Association. Web. 15 Dec 2012.
<http://www.ushistory.org/valleyforge/served/arnold.html>. "Citizen Ben: Founding Father." Benjamin Franklin. Twin Cities Public Television, Inc. Web. 15 Dec 2012.
<http://www.pbs.org/benfranklin/l3_citizen_founding.html>. "Taking Action." Traitors, Seamstresses, and Generals: Voices of the American Revolution. N.p.. Web. 15 Dec 2012.
<http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312848/ccs.htm> "Ben Franklin: A Timeline." The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary. Franklin & Marshal College. Web. 15 Dec 2012.
<http://www.benfranklin300.org/etc_timeline_6.htm>. "Economy in The American Revolution." Shmoop: We Speak Student. Shmoop University. Web. 15 Dec 2012.
<http://www.shmoop.com/american-revolution/economy.html>. Lawrence H. Officer and Samuel H. Williamson, "The Annual Consumer Price Index for the United States, 1774-2011," MeasuringWorth, 2012.
<http://www.measuringworth.com/uscpi/>. Lawrence H. Officer and Samuel H. Williamson, "Purchasing Power of Money in the United States from 1774 to Present," MeasuringWorth, 2011.
<www.measuringworth.com/ppowerus/>. Crews, Ed. "How Much Is That in Today’s Money?."Colonial Williamsburg: That the Future May Learn from the Past. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.
Web. 15 Dec 2012. <http://www.history.org/foundation/journal/summer02/money2.cfm>. United States. Department of Labor. Consumer Price Index: Frequently Asked Questions. Washington D.C.: Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2011. Web.
<http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpifaq.htm> "California's Colonial Backwoodsmen." Morgan's Riflemen: California's Colonial Backwoodsmen. N.p.. Web. 16 Dec 2012.
<http://www.morgansriflemen.com/history/>. Words of Liberty: The Revolutionary Period of 1770's June 1, 1776 - Declaration Committee Committee of five Served mainly as editor September 26, 1776 - Ambassador of France Requested French aid Was given 2 million livres ($6 million) Convinced
monarchs to sign Treaty of Amity and Alliance Kinsella, Kate, Sharon Vaughn , et al. Prentice Hall Literature: The American Experience. Penguin.
Boston: Pearson Education, 2007. 128-208. Print. The Americans. Student. McDougal Littell, 2006. Print.
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