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Introduction to Elementary School Foreign Language Programs: Keys to Success
Transcript of Introduction to Elementary School Foreign Language Programs: Keys to Success
http://www.actfl.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3653 "What the research shows" about the benefits of language learning in general:
http://www.actfl.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=4524 Why teach languages?
Why learn languages? gather community support
for a new language program units with meaning and purpose content culture comparisons real
communication links to the real world fun! Why start early? The Effect of Second Language Learning on Test Scores, Intelligence and
Achievement: An Annotated Bibliography
http://www.uwyo.edu/fled/documents/FLAnnotatedBibliography.pdf Based on:
ability to articulate
funding... Choose a program:
FLEX The nine languages with the
estimated largest numbers of
native speakers in the world,
according to SIL Ethnologue,
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Native_speakers_in_the_World.jpg Schedule sensibly for students and teachers:
at least every other day
at least 20 minutes per lesson
same grade levels kept together
preparation time for teachers
travel time for teachers
extra time in the first year Find a Teacher Standards for
Learning Backwards Design
"start with the
end in mind" a strong ship Where to
have classes? Adjusting the Sails Staying on Course Staying Afloat (for the long term) Assessment Instruction Advocacy Program Design linked to
state standards defined by standardized may contain
to students progress
to parents State World Language
and teachers make it fun Lots
of culture Lots of
content stay in the
language Information Parents Students Colleagues Administrators Community Teacher Professional
Development ACTFL Conference
NECTFL Conference, SWCOLT, etc.
State Language Conferences
Magnet School Conferences Participation in
in PLC's in school regular
teachers strong teacher = strong program accurate, interesting, efficient Special Events maintain the excitement Lunch with
the Senseis cultural
to travel and
practice language Trips to the
Country(ies) ACTFL Proficiency Scale (7th -adult)
ACTFL Performance Guidelines (K-12)
SOPA Scale (PreK-6)
Check for state scales/guidelines
Common European Framework of Reference for Languages Linguafolio
Linguafolio, Jr. performance scales decide: report card or progress report? What grade to begin? secure funding federal grant
technology Foreign Languages
"FLAP" with a purpose math science social studies language arts music art physical education Create units with
connections can guide brainstorming
for instruction http://maloneyjapanese.wikispaces.com/World+Language+Teachers "can do"
Grant Program Arabic, Chinese, Urdu, Hindi, and Persian Elementary School
Programs Keys to a
Voyage Jessica Haxhi
Maloney Interdistrict Magnet School
Waterbury, Connecticut Build a Strong Ship
Stay the Course
Adjust the Sails
Stay Afloat Program Design
High Quality Instruction
Advocacy All of the links referred to in this presentation are available at…
skills creative self-starter outgoing current What else? life-long learner flexible The PreK-8 language teacher understands the continuum that is language learning as well as the continuum of child development. The PreK-8 language teacher will create materials, write curriculum, develop assessments, interact with parents, make websites, collaborate with colleagues, plan large events, and probably talk to the media. The PreK-8 language teacher
must be able to
speak, read, and write in the
language, as well as sing, play
games, over-act, be silly, laugh,
guide students through the culure,
teach other subject area content, and
that language and culture
to the students of the school. THESE ARE THE TOPICS SUPPORTED BY RESEARCH AT THE ACTFL LINK:
Language learning correlates with higher academic achievement on standardized test measures.
Language learning is beneficial to both monolingual English and English language learners in bilingual and two-way immersion programs.
Language learning is beneficial in the development of students’ reading abilities.
There is evidence that language learners transfer skills from one language to another.
There is a correlation between second language learning and increased linguistic awareness.
There is a correlation between language learning and students’ ability to hypothesize in science.
Language learning can benefit all students.
There is a correlation between young children’s second language development and the development of print awareness.
Heritage learners who use their language skills to interpret and translate for family members experience higher academic performance and greater self-efficacy.
There is a correlation between language study and higher scores on the SAT and ACT Tests.
There is a correlation between high school foreign language study and higher academic performance at the college level.
How does language learning provide cognitive benefits to students?
There is evidence that early language learning improves cognitive abilities.
There is evidence bilingualism correlates with increased cognitive development and abilities.
There is a correlation between bilingualism and the offset of age-related cognitive losses.
There is a correlation between bilingualism and attentional control on cognitive tasks.
There is a correlation between bilingualism and intelligence.
There is a correlation between bilingualism and metalinguistic skills.
There is a correlation between bilingualism and memory skills.
There is a correlation between bilingualism and problem solving ability.
There is a correlation between bilingualism and improved verbal and spatial abilities.
All of the above were topic areas downloaded from
Some examples from the ACTFL website:
Andrade, C. et al. (1989). Two languages for all children: Expanding to low achievers and the handicapped. In K. E. Muller (Ed.), "Languages in elementary schools" (pp. 177-203). New York: The American Forum.
Describes student performance in the Cincinnati Foreign Language Magnet Program. These children score well above anticipated national norms in both reading and mathematics and higher than the average of all magnet school participants, despite the fact that they represent a broad cross-section of the Cincinnati community.
Johnson, C.E., Flores, J.S., & Ellison, F.P. (1963). The effect of foreign language instruction on basic learning in elementary schools. "Modern Language Journal, 47," 8-11.
Performance on Iowa Test of Basic Skills was compared for fourth-graders receiving 20 minutes per day of audio-lingual Spanish instruction and similar students receiving no Spanish instruction. No significant loss in achievement in other subjects was found; the experimental group showed greater achievement in reading, vocabulary, and comprehension.
Nespor, H.M. (1971). "The effect of foreign language learning on expressive productivity in native oral language." (p. 682). DA, 31 (02-A) University of California, Berkeley.
Foreign language learning in Grade 3 is shown to increase expressive oral productivity in pupils' native languages. An example from the above document, prepared by Elizabeth L. Webb
Saunders, C. M. (1998). The Effect of the Study of a Foreign Language in the
Elementary School on Scores on the Iowa Test Of Basic Skills and an Analysis of
Student-participant Attitudes and Abilities. Unpublished dissertation, University of
Saunders specifically examined the performance of third grade students enrolled in the
Georgia Elementary School Foreign Language Model Program. She compared students
who had not received any foreign language instruction with students one year younger
who had received four years of instruction, five days each week, for thirty minutes per
day. She found those students in the ESFL program scored significantly higher on the
Math portion of the ITBS than the older students had scored. They also performed better
on the Reading portion, but the difference was not statistically significant. HIGHLY
curriculum Maloney Interdistrict Magnet School
Japanese Language and Culture Program
est. 1994 SURVEYS COMMITTEES FUND-
RAISING If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head.
If you talk to a man in his language, that goes to his heart.
Nelson Mandela - Former President of South Africa How to choose a language
for a new program? What languages
should be taught? HOW?? INVITE
EVENTS Language Classroom
Travelling Teacher? What are the pros
and cons of each? What
should the K-12 learner be able to do in the language?