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Battle of Britain, Pearl Harbor, 9/11, Drones

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Le Wu

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Battle of Britain, Pearl Harbor, 9/11, Drones

The Advances of Aerial Technology and Combat
Battle of Britain
Pearl Harbor
Think and discuss
Has the invention of aircrafts impacted how we fight our wars today? Explain in detail
The idea behind aerial attacks...
Germany at that time was planning an operation of which the goal was to establish air superiority over southern England and the English Channel. The operation was commonly known as Operation Sea Lion.
The operation was led by Hermann Goering who was the commander of German military aerial warfare branch, known as 'Luftwaffe'.
Luftwaffe was a German national aviation service, which was created for protection and other military purposes.
The Luftwaffe have a estimated total of 2,000 combat ready aircraft as to compared to the 'RAF fighter' consisting of 675 aircrafts, which gave Germany the upper hand in the aviation war.
During this time period, one of the world's most controversial air battle was The Battle of Britain.
The advantages and the disadvantages of the German and British Air Force
Germany - Luftwaffe
Britain - RAF fighter
Germany - Luftwaffe
Britain - RAF fighter
had around one thousand three hundred combat aircrafts than British Air Force
well developed radar system and coordination method
fighting over friendly territory
were joined by 140 excellently trained Polish Air Force veterans
planes were designed with short tactical strike and little fuel endurance
lack strategic heavy bombers
lack quality fighters
were outnumbered by approximately one thousand three hundred German war planes and fighting against a better equipped enemy
In 1940 after the defeat of Poland and France in World War II, German invasive forces posed a great threat to Great Britain.
The End of the Battle
During the Battle
The Start of the Battle
Commonly known as 'Eagle Day'
The series of events began on July 10th
Lasted until mid August in 1940
The mission was to be called by Adolf Hitler
The Nazi planned attack on British domestic shipping in the English Channel
Their goal was to draw out the RAF and deplete their fighter strength
Germans made daily strikes against ship convoys
RAF was winning due to loss of 248 Luftwaffe fighters and bombers
The loss of qualified pilots was a great disadvantage to the RAF
Luftwaffe commanded strikes against the British radar system
Due to bad weather, the strike occurred on August 12
The war intensified and the British were pressured
In the mission, the German succeeded in destroying of the many RDS (British Radar Defense System)
The strikes were concentrated against the airfields along Southern England
The Luftwaffe mission was deemed sucessful because of their elimination of 84 fighters and 8 air bases
However the result was a failure, because the German were able to get all but one RDS station
This intel gave the British warnings of future strikes
this enabled the British to shoot down 46 German planes with the loss of their 13
the situation was similar on the 14th and the 15th where 75 German planes were shoot down as to opposed to the loss of 35 British planes
On the morning of September 11, 2001, four U.S. airliners were hijacked by al-Qaeda suicide bombers.
The Day That Changed America
After the failure of not destroying the RDS, Goering had a change of strategy.
Goering stopped the strikes on the RDS because it was considered ineffective
The new top priority of the Luftwaffe was the goal of exterminating RAF fighters
The new strategy that the German adapted was to draw out the RAF into a loaded fight.
The strategy would include, smaller bomber groups used with heavier fighter escort
The plan was followed for a couple of weeks
German planes were getting shot down more than the planes of the British
However the odds were still in the favor of he Germans since they can afford to lose planes and pilots unlike the British
A turn of events caused the British to gain the upper hand
On August 25, a war plane, He 111 steered off course and accidentally bomb central London, against the order of Adolf Hitler
Britain was outraged by such cheap attack on a peaceful civilian area
As a response, Winston Churchill, the prime minister of Britain ordered an retaliatory strike on Berlin the following night
This strike on Berlin caused a trust deficiet in Germany
Goering once claimed that an attack like that will never happened because it was an ineffective military strike
To many Berliners amazement, 81 British bombers appeared in the night of August 25 and bombed the city of Berlin
The strike on Berlin hit Germany in its weakest spot which was the heart of the Nazi regime
Berlin was the place of Hitler's ego and the bombing caused a shock of disbelief through out Germany
Goering implied that such attack shall never happened again.
Yet the strikes kept on coming and Hitler institute orders to the bombing of London
The attention of the Luftwaffe was now all on the bombing of London
This gave the RAF force much needed time to repair and to restore strength
The casualties of the bombing of London was extremely high
The consecutive airstrike on London started on September 7, 1940 and lasted for 57 days
The result was the death 40,000 civilians in London and the death of 4,000 outside of London in a single sea port
The RAF force used the time to repair bases, factories, and planes
With increasing strength RAF fighter continued the aerial fight with Germany
It was until October 31, of 1940 'The Battle of Britain ended
Britain won the battle
Operation Sea Lion was canceled and all day light bombing was canceled
The battle was over and the resulting victory goes to Great Britain however, night bombing raid would continue which later may be known as 'The Blitz'
Turning Point?
After the Battle of Britain was a defeat to the Nazi army, the attention of Hitler shifted to Russia
This turned out to be a big mistake which caused Hitler to ultimately to lose the war later on
The voices of families

Two of the four planes crashed into the North and South towers of The World Trade Center.
The third plane was flown into the Pentagon.

The fourth and final plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania.
World Trade Center
Shanksville Pennsylvania
At 8:46 am, American Airlines Flight 11 was hijacked and, without warning,
crashed into Tower 1 (the North Tower) of the WTC.
This plane held 87 passengers and crew, and 5 al-Qaeda hijackers.
Approximately 15 minutes later, the second plane, United Airlines Flight 175 struck the South Tower.
United Airline 175 held 5 hijackers, and 60 passengers and crew.
In these two attacks alone, a total number of 2,606 innocent people lost their lives.
The South Tower collapsed at 9:59 am, less than an hour after being hit by the hijacked airliner, and at 10:28 am the North Tower collapsed.
Forty minutes after Flight 175 flew into Tower 2 of the WTC, American Airlines Flight 77 quickly approached the west wing of the Pentagon in Washington D.C.

The plane reached the Pentagon at roughly around 9:37 AM and collided into the western side of the building. A large part of the Pentagon collapse at 10:10 AM
Flight 77 crash caused the death of all 53 passengers, 5 hijackers, and 6 crew members.
The resulting crash caused the death of 125 people in the Pentagon and the death of 59 innocent passenger in the plane.
United Airlines Flight 93 was a passenger flight which was hijacked by four al-Qaeda terrorists

The plane crashed into an empty field in Pennsylvania near Shanksville, the destination of the plane was believed to have been the United States Capitol.
The hijackers breached the plane's cockpit and took control of the flight approximately 46 minutes after takeoff.

Some of the passengers on the plane attempted to regain control of the flight since they knew the plane will kill other innocent civilians.
All 40 passengers aboard including the four hijackers were all killed. No one on the ground was injured and the plane never reached its destination.
Pearl Harbor was a surprise military attack
conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy
against the United States naval base at
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
Pearl Harbor is located on the south coast of Oahu Island.
The Attack
On December 7, 1941 at 7:55 am the Japanese launched their first wave of 182 airplanes that were to attack U.S battle ships at Pearl Harbor. Minutes later a second wave of planes were launched.
USS Arizona
USS Oklahoma
USS West Virginia,
USS California,
USS Nevada
USS Pennsylvania,
USS Maryland,
USS Tennessee.
Battle Ships That Were Destroyed
The Japanese managed to destroy 20 American naval vessels, including eight enormous battleships, and almost 200 airplanes.
Why did 9/11 happened?
There are many debates on whether why the attack on 9/11 happened.

Many people say religion, however the attack may be regarded as an political act.
Take these into consideration
Twin Towers = symbol of our financial strength

Pentagon = symbol of our military power

Washington D.C. = symbol of our government
They hit.....
Most definitely these are political acts
What is your opinion?
The Freedom Tower's construction was completed in August 30, 2012 as replacement for the Twin Towers
The damage on the Pentagon was fixated on August of 2002. A memorial park was also established in recognition of the fallen ones
Flight 93 National Memorial was dedicated on September 10, 2011at the crash site in Shanksville
What are Drones?
Drones are unmanned aerial systems
A common name for drones is UAV, unmanned aerial vehicle
They are computer controlled aircraft in which they carry missiles to strike enemy bases
Drones was first invented in 1915 and first used in WWI in 1935
The blast radius from a Hellfire missile can range from 15-20 meters.
Disadvantage of the usage of Drones
Drones can kill innocent civilians that are near target sites
Invasion of domestic

Sometime drone strikes are not always successful and the killing of innocent people are common
Drones can be hacked by the enemy because they are unmanned and controlled by computers or remote control
Advantages of the usage of Drones
Since drones are unmanned aircraft, many missions are carried out without risking the lives of aircraft pilots
Quote from Ted Strawser a politician signifies the advantage of drones, “all the evidence we have so far suggests that drones do better at both identifying the terrorist and avoiding collateral damage than anything else we have.”
Drones can identify terrorists more accurately than ground troops or conventional pilots.
Drones have the capability to divert a missile after firing if say a bystander wanders into targeted area.
They give out less collateral damage than regular airstrikes
However there are many setbacks for the usage of drone attacks. If strikes from drones are used recklessly, or used on the basis of flawed intelligence, many innocent civilians will die. Clearly, many of these strikes are not used humanely and questions on the usage of drones arises
Drones used by Americans
The usage of Drones are challenged by many American citizens
Under the order of Obama, the frequency of Drone strike increased since the presidential term of Bush.
Under the administration of Obama, he conducted roughly around four times as much Drone strikes than Bush
Many of the Drone attacks are aimed at Pakistan where most of the Taliban and the network of al-Qaeda are believe to be at
What the citizens were told about the drones does not match to what actually happened in Pakistan
Statistics from June 2004 to September of 2012, shows that the accumulation of drone strikes killed 3,325 people in Pakistan.
Of which 474-881 civilians were killed including the death of 176 children.
The U.S. government asserted that the civilian casualty rate is zero. Which many of us know it is complete false
The world's opinion on American's drone campaign
Egypt- 89% disapproval, 6% approval
China- 55% disapproval, 25% approval
Turkey- 81% disapproval, 9% approval
Pakistan- 83% disapproval
United States- 26% disapproval, 56% approval
68% Republican approve and 58% Democrats approve
Perspective from innocent Pakistani
"At approximately eight o'clock on the morning of December 7, 1941, I was leaving the breakfast table when the ship's siren for air defense sounded. Having no anti-aircraft battle station, I paid little attention to it. Suddenly I heard an explosion. I ran to the port door leading to the quarterdeck and saw a bomb strike a barge of some sort alongside the NEVADA, or in that vicinity. The marine color guard came in at this point saying we were being attacked. I could distinctly hear machine gun fire. I believe at this point our anti-aircraft battery opened up.
Why did Japan attack?

The United States had prohibited exports of steel,
scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japan

U.S Deaths
US Navy: 2,008
US Army: 218
Civilians: 68
Japan Deaths
55 airmen killed
9 submariners killed
On December 8, 1941, the day after the attack, President Roosevelt gave his famous Pearl Harbor Speech to Congress. Following the speech, the Senate and the House voted to declare war on Japan. Bringing the U.S into the war. Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States.
Pearl Harbor Today
Full transcript