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AP Human Geography Chapter 8: Political Geography

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Bryan Poepperling

on 26 February 2017

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Transcript of AP Human Geography Chapter 8: Political Geography

AP Human Geo Chapter 8
Political Geography

Lesson 1 E.Q. Where Are States Distributed?
Standards and Objectives
Lesson 1:
1. Define and explain what the concept of a state is
2. Describe the development of the concept of a state
3. Explain why geographers are concerned with the organization of states

Unit 4: Political Organization of Space
Lesson 3:
1. Describe the five basic shapes of states
2. Explain the difference between the types of
boundaries that exist between states
3. Analyze the process of gerrymandering and
explain the effects it has on a specific area
Lesson 4:
1. Name and describe three different alliances between countries.
2. Compare and contrast military and economic alliances between countries.
3. List and describe three different states that support terrorism.
Lesson 2:
1. Describe the difference between a nation-state, multinational state, and multiethnic state
2. Explain how the Soviet-Union broke apart
3. Name and describe at least three countries that still have colonies throughout the world
1. Define the concept of a state, nation, and nation-state.

2. How did the concept of a state develop?

3. Why are geographers concerned with the organization of states?
Ticket out of the Door Ch. 8 Lesson 1
Nighttime satellite image shows the contrasting amounts of electric lighting in South Korea compared to North Korea.

North and South Korea


-
Korea
- China and Taiwan
- Western Sahara (Sahrawi Republic)
- Polar Regions: Many Claims
Fig. 8-1: The UN has increased from 51 members in 1945 to 192 in 2006.

United Nations Members

Fig. 8-4: By the outbreak of World War I, European states held colonies throughout the world, especially throughout Africa and in much of Asia.

Colonial Possessions, 1914

Fig. 8-3: The Fertile Crescent was the site of early city-states and a succession of ancient empires.

The Fertile Crescent

State:
an area organized into a political
unit and ruled by a government
Nation:
A group that pledges allegiance
to a particular place
Nation-state:
A state controlled by a
particular ethnicity
- Ancient states
- Early European states
- Colonies/ Colonialism
- United Nations
- The United Nations determines if an area can become a country
Lesson 3: Why do Boundaries Between
States Cause Problems?
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 8 Lesson 3
1. Describe the five basic shapes of states.

2. What is the difference between a physical boundary and cultural boundary?

3. Name three regime types, and explain the effect gerrymandering has on a specific area.
- Describe the five basic shapes of countries and
give an example of each
1. Compact States
2. Elongated States
3. Prorupted States
4. Perforated States
5. Fragmented States

- What is a landlocked state?
Boundaries between states:
- Democracy, Autocracy, and Anocracy
Ticket out of the Door
Ch 8 Lesson 2
1. What is the difference between a nation-state, multinational state, and multiethnic state?

2. Explain how the Soviet-Union broke apart.

3. Name and describe at least three countries that still have colonies throughout the world.
Fig. 8-12: NATO and the European Union have expanded and accepted new members as the Warsaw Pact and COMECON have disintegrated.

European Alliances, 1960 & 2007

Lesson 2: Why are Nation-States Difficult to Create?
What is a multiethnic state and
a multinational state?

Does a perfect example of
a nation-state exist in the world?

Does ethnicity matter in the
creation of a nation-state?

Explain how the Soviet Union broke
apart and what states were created

Where do colonies exist in the world today and who controls them?
- "Era of two Superpowers"
- What is it?
- When did it end?
- The European Union
- COMECON
- OSCE
- OAS
- AU and Commonwealth
Lesson 4: Why do States Cooperate and Compete with Each Other?
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 8 Lesson 4
1. Name and describe three different alliances between countries.

2. Compare and contrast military and economic alliances between countries.

3. List and describe three different states that support terrorism.
- Who is Al-Qaeda, and what problem do they have with the U.S.?
- Terrorism: what is it and who supports it?
- Explain why each supports terrorism
http://www.buzzfeed.com/qsahmed/the-10-most-gerrymandered-districts-in-america-dh45#.qrr0G1Al4
- What is the difference
between state, nation, and nation state?
One State or Two?
-Describe the differences between
regime types
- Explain the difference between physical boundaries and cultural boundaries
http://www.fantasygeopolitics.com/#!getstarted/cjg9
Agreements and Organizations
What is the United Nations?
- Explain the challenge in deciding whether each area on the left is a state or not
-Explain the development of the state concept from each area on the left
How did states develop?
A state that contains...
- more than one ethnicity
- multiple ethnicities that agree to recognize each other as nationalities

- No; two relatively close examples
are Denmark and Slovenia, but every
state is somewhat multiethnic

- Absolutely: examples are evident in
Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union

- Baltic states, European states,
Central Asian states, and Russia became independent because they were once a part of the U.S.S.R.

- U.K., France, and U.S. have colonies
http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/fall-of-soviet-union
- Frontier vs. Buffer zone?
- Physical boundaries can be seen on a map, cultural ones may not be visible
- Explain the difference
*Gerrymandering*
*Explain it!*
- Describe NATO and the Warsaw Pact
- What is the difference between
economic and military alliances?
- Describe each in your notes
- Libya
- Afghanistan
- Iraq
- Iran
- Pakistan
Full transcript