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The Roman Republic

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by

Susanna Muzzin

on 9 February 2016

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Transcript of The Roman Republic

\
The Senate
Members
First, Patricians
Then, 300 older, experienced men appointed by the Consuls
Later, automatically in the Senate if you had serviced in high office

The Consuls
The Roman Republic

The Concilium Plebis

Members: Plebeian Citizens (No Patricians!)

Powers/Duties:
Could pass decrees (Plebiscites)
Originally only applied to plebeians
Later, affected the whole city
5. De paus
Finis!
Term: Life

Duties/Powers:
Advised consuls and other officials
Debated issues and voted on possible solutions--basis for future laws
Declared war
Negotiated peace
At first, elected consuls (later on, this was done by the Comitia Centuriata)
The Comitia Centuriata
Members: citizens of Rome

Duties/Powers/Functions:
Vote on laws proposed by the Senate
Make sure the laws are kept
Elect magistrates
Vote on war
Later on, initiate and enact laws with Senate approval
The Two Consuls

Elected by: the Comitia Centuriata

Term: One year

Duties/Powers:
Chaired Senate and Comitia Centuriata
Commanded army (at first, alternated power every other day!!)
Dealt with foreign nations
Had to consult each other and compromise (each had the power of the veto)

After 366 B.C.E., one was always a plebeian
The Concilium Plebis
`
The Concilium Plebis
The Ten Tribunes

Elected by the Concilium Plebis

(At first, only two; later on, ten)

Duties/Powers:
Protect the Plebeians
Can veto laws, but cannot make laws
The Two Censors

Chosen every five years
Administered the Census
Evicted unworthy citizens and criminals
The Cursus Honorum
"The Path of Honor" or"The Ladder of Success"
DICTATOR

Only chosen in time of grave crisis/danger
Named by consuls on recommendation of Senate
6 month term--sometimes extended
Authority over everyone, including consuls

SPQR
SENATUS
POPULUSQUE
ROMANUM
8 PRAETORS
Judges
Military OfficialS
4 AEDILES
City Supervisors:
entertainment, food,
traffic
20 QUAESTORS
Age: 30
City Treasurers
2 CONSULS
2 CENSORS
1 PONTIFEX MAXIMUS
Full transcript