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Germany's Natural Resources
Transcript of Germany's Natural Resources
By: Ashnavi Assokan 704
The #1 Natural Resource in Germany (Location, how it is extracted?)
-Germany is the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles. But it's rich in timber, iron ore, potash, salt, uranium, nickel, copper and other natural resources.
-It has a few domestic natural resources, imports most of its raw materials. There isn't a specific natural resource Germany exports and it doesn't mainly export resources, it's biggest exports include transport equipment (including automobiles), electrical machinery, and chemicals, as well as some food products and wine.
-Imports include into remarkably similar categories, but in addition they include raw materials and half finished products for industry.
-Some of the countries Germany exports natural resources to are France, U.S, United Kingdom, Italy and the Netherlands
-Total value of exports: $1.492 trillion
-Total value of imports: $1.276 trillion
Biggest Natural Resource Exported: (To where, cost)
-The #1 natural resource in Germany is Coal (Bituminous) . Others include lignite (brown coal), natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials and farmland.
-Germany's top natural resource is located in Garzweiler, Hambrack, Luisenthal, Zollern, Zollvererin.
-Coal in Germany is extracted by coal mining. The purpose of this task is to attain coal from the ground. There are 2 basic methods to obtain coal, either by surface or deep underground mining but Germany's coal is extracted from deep underground mines.
-Underground Mining: There and 2 methods to that as well; room and pillar, long wall mining
-Room and Pillar mining: is when coal is “mined by cutting a network of 'rooms' into the coal seam and leaving behind 'pillars' of coal to support the roof of the mine”
-Long wall mining: requires the full extraction of coal from a portion of the seam or 'face' using mechanical shearers. The coal 'face' can differ in length from 100-350m. "Self-advancing, hydraulically-powered supports temporarily hold up the roof while coal is extracted. When coal has been extracted from the area, the roof is allowed to collapse."
Any big concerns or negatives with resources in your country (Disasters, news, protests)
Thank Yaal for listening to my presentation, I hope you learned lots of info about Germany and it's natural/sustainable resources, export, import, etc.
Sustainable Energy Resources Being Used: (Type, location, cost, new technology)
Energy in Germany includes Solar, hydroelectric, wind turbines, geothermal, etc but mainly Wind turbines and Solar.
-has been the worlds top PV (photovoltics) installer for many years that totaled to be to 39,993 megawatts(MW) by the end of April 2016
-about 1.5 million PV are installed all over the country, ranging from small rooftop system, to medium commercial and large utility-scale solar parks
-they largest solar parks are located in Meuro, Neuhardenberg and Templin
-it costs about 14 billion euros (US $18 billion) per year for solar installations
- Concentrated Solar Power (CSP), solar power technology that does not use photovoltaics (PV)
-More than 21,607 wind turbines are located in the German federal area and the country has plans to build more wind turbines
-"standard" turbines generally cost 1,000-1,200 euros per kilowatt
-Offshore Wind power: has great potential in Germany. Wind speed at sea is 70 to 100% higher than onshore and it's more sustained
-emissions from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution which results to acid rain, resulting from sulfur dioxide emissions which is damaging forests
-pollution in the Baltic Sea from raw sewage and industrial waste from rivers in eastern Germany (hazardous waste disposal), the government has fixed a device (mechanism) for ending the use of nuclear power for the next 15 years
Iron Copper Lignite Natural Gas
France Netherlands USA