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The American Colonial Rule
Transcript of The American Colonial Rule
The Treaty of Paris
by. Christian Philip Castillo
by. Cloie Ann Paler
The American Military Government
by. Christian Philip Castillo
(ACHIEVEMENTS OF AMERICAN MILITARY GOVERNMENT)
• The pacification of the war-ravaged country
• The laying down of the foundation of American rule
• The opening of public schools (American soldiers as first teachers)
• The holding of the first municipal election in Baliwag, Bulacan on May 7,1899
The Second Philippine Commission
by. Pearl Angelie Orcena
The American Colonial Rule
Education during the
American Colonial Rule
by. Cloie Ann Paler
The Reorganization of the Supreme Court
during the Early American Period
by. Twelcy Ann Paniamogan
& Honey Bee Castillo
The Philippine Bill of 1902
by. Paul Jhon Cepe
The Gabaldon Law
The Third Philippine Commission
by. Alvin Valenzuela
Governor General Frank Murphy (center) and party at the town fiesta, Macabebe, Philippines, Sept. 10, 1933, from his papers
(AFTER VISITING SOME PLACES IN THE PHILIPPINES, COMMISSION RECOMMENDED THE FOLLOWING)
• The establishment of a territorial form of government w/ a legislature of two houses – the lower house to be elective, the upper house to be have appointive;
• The withdrawal of military rule in the pacified areas;
• The organization of an autonomous local government;
• The opening of free elementary schools;
• The appointment of Filipinos of high ability and good character to important government officers.
Bill provides the following:
a. the extension of the Bill of rights to the Filipino people, except the right of jury trial.
b. The appointment of two Filipino resident commissioners to Washington
c. The establishment of an elective Philippine Assembly after the proclamation of complete peace and two years after the publication of a census
d. The retention of the Philippine Commission as the upper house of the legislature. With the Philippine Assembly acting as the lower house.
e. The conservation of the natural resources of the Philippines for the Filipinos.
Governor Henry Clay of pro-American activities of the Federal Party lifted the ban against pro-independence political parties in July 1906. Radical nationalists founded the Partido Independista Immediatista ( Immediate Independence Party). On the other hand, the conservative nationalists preferring early independence to immediate independce oraganized the union Nationalista (Nationalista Union). The two nationalist parties united under the name Partido Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) to defeat the well organized Partido Nacional Progresista (National Progressive Party) Formerly the Pro-American Federal Party.
On July 30, 1907 the two political parties, namely Partido Nacionalista and Partido Nacional Progresista, clashed for the first time in the elections, for the seat in the First Philippine Assembly. The issue was immediate independence. The partido Nacionalista electrified the country with its stirring slogan immediate, absolute, and complete independence and won by a landslide majority.
Was the Woods-Forbes Mission
In 1920, the Republican Parby won the elections
in the U.S & Warren G. Harding became President.
On October 5, 1921 , Leonard Wood
returned to Manila as the governor-general
It aroused the anger of the Philippine Legislature and the Filipino leaders by his anti-Filipino sentiments.
-He opposed the independence aspiration.
-He abolished the democratic privilege.
-The Hostile relation between Gen Wood & the Filipino
The Hostile Relation between Gen. Wood and the Filipino
-Established by United States President
William Mckinley on March 16, 1900
The commission was the legislature of the Philippines, then known as the Philippine Islands under the sovereign control of the United States during the Philippine-America War.
William Howard Taft
- The first head of the Philippine Commission, a post he filed between March 16,1990 & September 1, 1901.
Taft then succeeded himself as Commission head, while concurrently serving as Civil Governor until January 31, 1904
-Later He became the President of the Untied states.
-Appointed the first Civilian governor-general, replacing the Military Governor, General Arthur MacArthur in 1901.
-Was granted legislative as well as limited executive powers.
-New laws to set up the fundamentals of a national government including a juducual system, legalcode, civil service & police force were pasted by the United States.
Americans came as friends & promised to help the Filipinos restore their freedom.
Treaty of Paris was signed on December 10,1898 & turned colonial ruler of the new republic in exchange of US $20,000,000
paid the Spanish government.
The US w/ their soldiers allowed Aguinaldo to land as friendly forces, moved quickly to establish a political administration in the Philippines.
Military governor-generals were assigned to unpacified places.
During the military rule (1898-1901), the American military commander governed the Philippines for the President of the United States of America.
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE COMMISSION CALLED THE SCHURMAN COMMISSION WAS SENT BY THE U.S
New laws to set up the fundamentals of a national government including a judicial system, legalcode, civil service & police force were passed by the United States
Magna Carta of the Philippines
Issued by the US President William Mckinley which embodied the basic democratic principles underlying the American policy.
Civil service Law of 1900
The Philippine Commission
composed of appointed members formed the upper house.
1916, an elected senate replaced the commission.
the first bill that is passed, which appropriated one million pesos for the building of barrio schools
In November 1912, the Democratic Party, which was sympathetic to the Filipino aspiration for independence, came into power in the U.S
The liberal-minded Francis Burton Harrison became the new governor-general of the Philippines.
President Woodrow Wilson appointed 5 Filipinos to the Commission. Hence, Filipinos obtained control of the Philippine Commission
In 1902, Congress gave a discount of 25% on the regular American tariff in favor of Philippine exports.
In 1909, the Payne-Aldrich Act was promulgated, establishing partial free trade between the U.S & the Philippines.
Full free trade was established with the passage of the Underwood-Simmons Act in 1913.
Gov.-Gen. Harrison was an ardent champion of Filipino rights & liberties. He adopted the policy of Filipinizing the Philippine government- replacing the American officials & employees w/ Filipinos.
Then, the Jones Law of 1916
Gov.-Gen Harrison was an ardent champion of Filipino rights and liberties.
He adopted the policy of Filipinizing the Philippine government replacing the American officials & employees w/ Filipinos
then, the Jones Law of 1916 was passed.
the preamble of the Jones Law states America's promised that independence would be granted to the Philippines as soon as a stable government shall be established therein.
William Francis "Frank" Murphy
In 1932, the Democratic Party returned to the power in America, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave the Philippines a good and able governor-general Frank Murphy
Frank Murphy was the last American Governor-General of the Philippine colony and the first U.S. High Commissioner in November 1935
Governor General /High Commissioner of the Philippines, 1933-1936
He stressed the promotion of human welfare & happiness.
humanized the penal code by revising the parole system.
created the position of public defenders to defend the poor in courts.
helped the Filipinos in their campaign for independence.
Free trade w/ America was also introduced which fostered the commercial expansion of the Philippines.
(the president of the Supreme Court
The Supreme Court & the Courts of the capital were organized in May 1899
- Headed the civil branch
Two members of the Magistrates:
Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista
-Headed the Criminal Branch
-replaced Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista as the Head of the Criminal Branch.
Don Dionisio Chanco
Two members of the Magistrates of the Criminal Branch
The Attorney General's Department was composed of the following personnel:
- As the Attorney General
Tomas G. del Rosario
The courts of the First Instance of the capital were also organized. The judges were:
Jose Basa Enriquez for Intramuros
Don Basilio Regalado Mapa
Antonio Majarreis for Binondo
Don Hipolito Magsalin for Tondo
The prosecuting attorneys were:
Lucio Villareal for Intramuros
Don Jose Rodriguez for Quiapo
Don Perfecto Gabriel for Binondo
& Don Jose Ner for Tondo