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Transcript of Self Confidence
Summary of major models
Mindsets that Shrink Confidence
Case study: Steve Hooker
Building self confidence
Confidence & Anxiety
Application to professional contexts Definitions Self efficacy: belief in ones abilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to produce given attainments In a nutshell, self confidence refers to the extent to which we believe that ourselves, as a whole, can succeed. And self efficacy the extent to which we can succeed in a particular task. Self confidence: the belief that one has the internal resources, particularly abilities, to achieve success. Self esteem refers to how much we like ourselves rather than how much we believe in ourselves. Although there is a clear relationship between the two Overview Katie Watson Week 8 Vealey's Sport- Confidence Model The Details.. Revised model of Vealey's original devised in 1986. Previous model focused on trait confidence interactions with situational factors.
Vealey believed that organized sport culture and personal characteristics influenced manifestation of sport confidence including types and sources of sport confidence.
Types of sport confidence include, physical skills & training, cognitive efficiency and resilience.
All of this then effects affect, behavior and cognition's and of course performance Sources of Self Efficacy,
Expectations & Performance Spiral of Confidence / Doubt If we have negative self perceptions our thoughts can quickly spiral out of control
leading to low or poor
performance. Situation specific self confidence
self efficacy alone cannot make someone successful
affects athletes choice of activities, level of effort and persistence Self Fulfilling Prophecy Mind sets that Shrink Self Confidence High expectations
"Other people don't believe in me"
Lack of belief in self
Negative past experiences
Lack of belief in coaching/method
Poor practice/ poor warm up Steve Hooker's Fear of Flying Injured his knee not long after gold medal victory in Beijing in 2008
Was apparent the injury was an intractable problem in 2010 and cost him six months of training and prep for future comps.
Went to defend his world title in Daegu in 2011 and was eliminated without clearing a jump.
Began extensive work with a support team, including a sports psychologist, in early 2012. Even trying hypnosis in times of self doubt.
Made a come back just before the 2012 Olympics in Poland. Securing a 5.72m jump.
However his performance at the Olympics was inconsistent. Whilst he made it to the final he didn't clear a jump. Activity Hour Now that we've had a look at common mindsets pertaining to low confidence and poor performance. And how these thought patterns have played a role in Steve Hooker's athletic career. Let's try applying it to a case study.
Get into groups of 3. Each group will recieve a case. Try and think of the main mindset that this person is in and what other thought patterns/mindsets may be also coming into play Building Self Confidence Textbook Tips Focus on past successes
Positive self talk
Goal mapping Now think about the person in your case. What do you think would most benefit them in overcoming their battle with self confidence? Self Confidence & Anxiety Number of studies looking to relationship between sport performance, self confidence & anxiety Parfit & Pates (1999) - Self report anxiety and self confidence states. Anaerobic components (height jumped etc) - positively predicted by somatic anxiety. working memory (passes, assists etc) positively predicted by self confidence. Woodman & Hardy (2003) - Measured relationship between cognitive anxiety and performance as well as between self confidence and performance. Found that they are separate constructs and not at opposite ends of the same continuum as previously believed. Kais & Raudsepp - Measured Somatic, Cognitive Anxiety and self confidence scores. Found that direction not intensity of anxiety was important. Self confidence aids anxiety interpretations. Measuring
Confidence Sport Confidence inventories Several different kinds available for research purposes.
Some may be open to inconsistencies such as the State Sport Confidence Inventory which asks athletes to compare their current level with the most confident athlete they know. Interpersonal discussion and observation can help aid your own and the clients understanding. Self efficacy inventories can also be useful as it measures an athletes confidence in themselves to be able to successfully perform a particular technique. Most studies involving confidence also measure anxiety levels. One of the most common scales used is the Competitive State Anxiety Level - 2. Application to Professional Contexts The previous points easily apply to the education and psychological fields outside of sport performance.
Education - Teachers expectations of students has been clearly proven to affect how they relate to that student and then to how that student performs - Pygmalion Effect. Need to be make sure treating each student equally and not biased by internal expectations.
Psychology - Understanding where confidence problems may stem from and actively trying to build confidence in clients. Can be done through previous strategies mentioned as well as through monitoring and changing self talk patterns - CBT. References Finito! With realization of one's own potential and self-confidence in one's ability, one can build a better world. - Dalai Lama (Horn, 2008) Expectations influence how we communicate. Which then causes other people to behave consistently with our expectations. Expectations are confirmed. (Weinberg & Gould, 2011) Expectations of ourselves and others (Weinberg & Gould, 2011) Pygmalion effect (Taylor, 1995)