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Parkinson's Disease

Ms. Feighery Period 2
by

gabby medina

on 17 May 2011

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Transcript of Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's Disease
Kenya Oglesby & Gabby Medina what is Parkinson's Disease a slowly progressive disorder that affects movement, muscle control, and balance Causes: nerve cells use a brain chemical called dopamine to help control muscle movement
Parkinson's Disease occurs when nerve cells aren't producing dopamine
w/o dopamine, the nerve cells in the brain cannot properly send messages throughout the body Symptoms: automatic movements (such as blinking) may slow down or stop
difficulty swallowing
drooling
impaired balance and walking
lack of expression in the face (mask-like appearance)
muscle aches and pains Movement Problems: slowed movements
stooped position
rigid or stiff muscles
shaking/ tremors
slowed quieter speech and monotone voice Other Symptoms: anxiety, stress, and tension
confusion
hallucinations
memory loss
fainting
depression Tests: examinations may show:
jerky, stiff movements
muscle atrophy
Parkinson's tremors
variation in heart rate Treatment: there is no known cure for Parkinson's Disease
the goal of treatment is to control symptoms Helpful Lifestyle Changes: good nutrition and health
regular rest periods and avoiding stress
physical therapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy surgery may be an option for patients with severe Parkinson's Disease
these surgeries do not cure Parkinson's but may help
in DBS (deep brain stimulation) the surgeon implants electrical stimulators in specific areas of the brain to help with movement
another type of surgery destroys brain tissues that cause Parkinson's symptoms Expectations: untreated, the disorder will get worse until a person is totally disabled
Parkinson's may lead to a deteriortion of all brain functions, and an early death Complications: difficulty performing daily activites
difficulty swallowing or eating
disability (differs from person to person
injuries from falls
pneumonia from breathing in saliva
side effects of medications
Full transcript