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Digital Still Camera

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Kyomin Jung

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of Digital Still Camera

Digital Still Camera
Characteristics of Digital Cameras
The body of the camera contains the image sensor which converts light rays to a digital signal. While the digital camera started with the
CCD (charged coupled device)
chips, current professional cameras replace the CCD chips with the
CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor)
chips (Musburger and Kindem 2009, p.279).

The digital camera is similar in nature to a polaroid camera because the image is
instantly available for viewing
.

Digital snaps are immediately
organised by date and displayed as thumbnail images
to be scanned visually. It needs
precesses
of sorting, editing and archiving a large number of pictures.

Once taken, the image can
be uploaded
to a web page or sent as a
file attachment
by emailing.
How it impacts on our lives and society
References
BBC. (2012)
Five ways the digital camera changed us
. [Online] Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16483509. (Accessed: 19th May 2014).

Cnet. (2007) Photos:
The history of the digital camera
. [Online] Available from: http://www.cnet.com/uk/news/photos-the-history-of-the-digital-camera. (Accessed: 18th May 2014).

Coyne, R. (2010)
The tuning of place: Sociable spaces and pervasive digital media
. 1st Ed. London: The MIT Press.

KdmcBerkeley. (2011)
Digital still cameras
. [Online] Available from: http://multimedia.journalism.berkeley.edu/tutorials/stillcams. (Accessed: 18th May 2014).

Musburger, R. and Kindem, G. (2009)
Introduction to media production
. 4th Ed. Oxford: Focal Press.

Tech News Daily. (2010)
Digital camera history: The evolution of the camera
. [Online] Available from: http://www.technewsdaily.com/390-digital-camera-history-the-evolution-of-the-camera.html. (Accessed: 18th May 2014).

The Guardian. (2014)
Apple poaches head of Nokia's Lumia photography team for camera work
. [Online] Available from: http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/may/09/apple-nokia-lumia-photography-camera-iphone. (Accessed: 19th May 2014).
Analogue vs. Digital
Five digital cameras
Future images of digital cameras
Definitions
History of digital cameras
The background: The history of the digital camera began with Eugene F. Lally who was trying to find how to capture digital images to take pictures of planets and stars in 1961. Willis Adcock, who was a employee of Texas Instruments, was awarded the patent for the first electronic photography system in 1972.

The beginning:
Steve Sasson
, who was a engineer of
Eastman Kodak
, invented
the first digital still camera
as a prototype using a CCD (Charge Coupled Device) image sensor in
1975
. The resolution was 10,000 pixels and it took 23 seconds to record the digital photograph

Commercialisation:
Fairchild
MV-101,
1976
(the first commercial CCD camera).
Konica
C35-AF,
1977
(the first compact point-shoot autofocus camera).
Sony
Mavica,
1981
(magnetic video camera), Mavica MC-CC1,
1988
(digital camera for consumers).
Apple
QuickTake 100,
1994
(digital camera for consumers)
The digital technology
is that a process is based on binary systems of "0"(off) and "1"(on) instead of a analogue system of a multiple continuous-value recording and processing signals (Musburger and Kindem 2009, p.33).

Digital still cameras
store captured photographs by image sensors as digital bits on a memory card or tiny hard drive instead of the film used in traditional cameras (KdmcBerkeley 2011).

There are two basic kinds of digital cameras:
Digital SLR
(uses a system of mirrorrs to take the image through the lens and reflect it into the eyepiece) and
non-SLR
(looks through the separate hole at the top of the camera).
(Tech News Daily 2010)
(Cnet 2007)
- Pros
Speed
Efficiency
Duplicability
Flexibility
- Cons
Loss of the original signal
(analogue -> digital)
Need to compress signals
Storage space
asd
- Pros
Simple to use
Potential screen size
(e.g. IMAX)
Resolution (e.g. 35mm film)
- Cons
Noise

(Musburger and Kindem 2009, p.36-37)
d
(The Guardian 2014)
(BBC 2012)
(Coyne 2010, p.99)
(BBC 2012)
1. "I was there."
: People's behaviour has changed in public places, such as restaurants, concerts and sporting events.
(e.g. lots of arms holding cameras, flash at kick-off)

2. "We're taking more snaps."
: Today, It has enabled us to take a large number of photographs compared with the past.

3. "People are better photographers."
: We may have better photographs because we can take as many as we want with checking pictures on the display. In addition, we can print pictures at home on the printer.

4. "Citizen journalism"
: People have become to take a picture or a video using digital cameras and the internet when they observe dramatic events or phenomenons.

5. "We're all archivists."
: Many people take photos and put them on Facebook continuously. It could be an individual archive.
(BBC 2012)
1999
. Kodak DC290:
superior sensor resolution
and low price.

2003
. Canon EOS 300D: the first digital SLR camera that
cost less than £830
. This marked the beginning of the fall in the price.

2007
. Nikon D3: solved with one of the biggest problems -
noise
.

2007
. Apple iPhone: It was the most
popular
.
Facebook and Twitter
are dominated by pictures taked and shared via the iPhone.

2008
. Nikon D90: the first digital SLR camera to feature
video recording
to make professional quality films.
Critique
Photography has become simple so that people don't think a picture has any value. Also, professional photographers are being affected by online theft.

Our private lives could be infringed by those who want to see and hack our ordinary photos on the internet.
(BBC 2012)
Full transcript