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Chemistry of Cotton Candy!

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Marian Gardner

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of Chemistry of Cotton Candy!

Candy Collection Physical properties: What is it? . Cotton Candy is a fluffy treat made from flavored and colored floss sugar.

. It's enjoyed at carnivals and amusement parks. Sucrose
Cotton Candy Works Cited Marian Gardner The Chemistry of Cotton Candy! -Sucrose is a carbohydrate.

-Composed of (C12H22O11)

-Sucrose broken down is glucose combined with fructose, which are joined together by a condensation reaction. Crystalline and Amorphous solids Background -spun sugar was popular with the upper class dating back to the 1400s in Italy.

-Spun sugar was typically made as an edible table centerpiece accompanied by various fruits.

-There were spun sugar chefs called “sculptors,” who spent hours creating works of art from liquid sugar. How is it made? -Malleable
-different colors
-an amorphous solid state
-Dissolves in water Machine Production -semi-automatic- used to produce the single serve helpings that are immediately sold at carnivals and amusement parks.

-Automated machine- produces large volumes of cotton candy for widespread distribution. step 1: Solid sugar is placed in to the hole of the spinner head.

Purpose: to converting solid sugar into fine filaments.

Step 2: The spinning extruder spins out the liquid sugar.

-The Liquid sugar cools and forms solid strands. -Step 3: Cardboard cone is used to pass around the sides of the collection pan.

-strands of cotton candy are pulled onto a conveyor belt and transferred into a sizing container. Flavors -Floss sugar is specially treated to promote the formation of fiber.

-dyes and flavoring are added to sugar to produce floss sugar.

-popular dyes include red dye #40, yellow dye #5 and #6, and blue dye #1

-popular flavors include; bubble gum, vanilla, strawberry, lemonade and watermelon and more. -Crystalline solids- have a regular repetitive pattern of atoms, molecules or ions.

-symmetrical shape, flat, smooth and plane faces where angles meet. Final product Step 4: In the sizing container, the bundle of the cotton candy is molded into a consistent shape.

-The cotton candy has the shape of a continuous block with a fixed height and width.
C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 => C12H22O11 Cotton candy was originally called “Fairy Floss.” -Modern machines that are made for commercial use can hold up to 3 pounds of sugar.

-The rotating bowl at the top spins at 3,450 revolutions per minute. -Future improvements will target cotton candy machines .

-These machines will be able to produce the candy more efficiently, economically and safely.

-new colors and flavors will also be introduced. https://sites.google.com/site/thechemistryofblank/the









http://www.enotes.com/cotton-candy-reference/cotton-candy Fun Fact! An amorphous solid- there is no long-range order of the positions of the atoms so there is no definite form or distinct shape. Amorphous Solid -amorphous solid- there is no long-range order of the positions of the atoms.
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