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The indigenous people in english speaking countries

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Juliane LEY

on 9 February 2014

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Transcript of The indigenous people in english speaking countries

Indigenous people in English speaking countries
The United states of America
THE NATIVE AMERICANS (or american indians)
Treaty of Paris (1783)
"England acknowledged the independence of America in this document, which formally ended the Revolutionary War. “His Brittanic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, to be free sovereign and independent states, that he treats with them as such, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, relinquishes all claims to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof.”
Consequences on native population
- Decline of american natives.

- Indian vaccination act of 1832

Natives related acts
- Indian removal Act

- Indian appropriation Act

- Civil Rights Act (1866)
The settlement of the Americas is that earliest ancestors of the peoples of the Americas came from Eurasia over a land bridge which connected the two continents during a period of glaciation.
Discovery of the new world
King Philip's war (1675-1678)
The treaty was negotiated and signed on behalf of the United States by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay.
40000 BP
Beginning of British colonization (1788)
Terra nullius is a Latin expression deriving from Roman law meaning "land belonging to no one" which is used in international law to describe territory which has never been subject to the sovereignty of any state, or over which any prior sovereign has expressly or implicitly relinquished sovereignty.
Impact on population
- Wave of European diseases spreading

- Loss of land and water resources for the aboriginals
Myall Creek Massacre (1838)
James Cook claims Australia in the name of Great Britain (1770)
There are no clear tribes or an accepted origin of the indigenous people of Australia, although they are believed to be among the earliest human migrations out of Africa. It is believed that first human migration to Australia was achieved when this landmass formed part of the Sahul continent, connected to the island of New Guinea via a land bridge.
The treaty of Waitangi
Native land Acts
One of the key roles played by the court was converting Māori land from customary or ‘native’ title to Crown-granted or freehold title.
Maori settlement in Aotearoa
Evidence from archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology indicates that the first settlers came from east Polynesia and became the Māori.
Abel Tasman was the 1st European to sight New Zealand.
James Cook sailed around New Zealand and mapped the complete coastline.
Universal suffrage for Maori men.
Four Māori parliamentary seats are created, with universal suffrage for Māori males aged over 21. The first Māori elections were held in 1868.
Differences between indigenous people
Indian americans
- Have multiple languages
- Have multiples flags
- Have multiple tribes
- Have reserves
- Have multiple languages
- Mostly live out of civilization
- Have multiple tribes
- Have an official flag
- Have one official language
- Have an official flag
- Don't have any reserves (though they own some land)
Similarities between the indigenous people
Native Americans
- Poorness and Unemployment

- Alcohol problems & drug use

- Shorter life expectancy

- High rate of incarceration
Aboriginal prisoners. The bar graphs show the percentage of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal prisoners (left vertical axis). The yellow line indicates the percentage of Aboriginal people in the state's population (right axis).
As an Aboriginal adult you are 14 times more likely to be incarcerated. Juveniles in Western Australia are 48 times more likely to be imprisoned than their white peers.
Maori people represent half of the people incarcerated when they only count for 14% of the populalution.
The example of Montana
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