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World War 1

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Keenen Ojin

on 28 July 2014

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Transcript of World War 1

World War 1
By: Keenen O.
The Basics
World War 1 was a war that was fought between 2 opposing alliances
The Allies (Triple Entente) and The Central Powers ( Triple Alliance)
Involved many countries from multiple continents
Consisted of a string of alliances tied together
The Allies
Mainly the Triple Entente: Russian Empire , British Empire and French Republic
Nations that were invaded by The Central Powers
The Central Powers
Originally the Triple Alliance: German Empire, Austrian-Hungarian Empire, and Italian Republic
Italy decided to remain neutral because of Germany's offensive stance (Secret Franco-Italian Alliance)
Joined by the Ottoman Empire and later the Kingdom of Bulgaria
World War 1 = ???
A massive global/worldwide war
Intended to be simple and short lived between Serbia and Austro-Hungray/Germany
Involvement of more than 70 million warriors and military personal, with 60 million being Europeans.
A war resulting in 9 million deaths of soldiers
Political and geographical changes
Began on July 28, 1914
Ended on November 11,1918
World War, But Where?
Although World War 1 was called World War 1, the war didn't necessarily take place all over the world.
Mainly Europe
Incidents and battles in Africa, The Middle East, Asia (China), The Pacific, and the North and Mediterranean Sea
Why start a "World War"?
Germany's influence on Austro-Hungarian decisions
Many nations thought solely about victory and forgot the consequences of defeat
Corruption of enemy nations and their governments was tempting
Nations thought about territorial gains that could have been encountered
Power over other nations after it's fall
Germany assumed that there wouldn't have been resistance when they invaded Belgium and Luxembourg and that Britan would not arrive at Belgium's aid when they invaded Belgium
Germany and Austro-Hungary assumed that the minor war against Serbia would be quick
The assumption from both sides that they could beat their enemy (Russian/Serbia and Germany/Austro-Hungary)
Assumption of armies strengths and the amount of enemy armies
Germany and Austro-Hungary didn't sort out who would defend their flanks from Russia, France and Serbia, resulting on a war from 3 fronts with unprepared plans
Britain did not clearly state what it's stance was in terms of the war and whether it would stay neutral throughout the conflict or participate
Whether or not the neutral stance of countries like Belgium and Luxembourg would allow an invasion/occupation by Germany in its plot to then take over France would be allowed
French defeat against Germany in 1870 resulting in the loss of cities Alsace and Lorraine
Italian victory against Turkey that ended with loss of many Turkish lands like Libya Rhodes and the Dodecanese Islands
Russian and Japanese conflicts (1904 successful Japanese attack on Russian warships in Korea, at Inchon, and in Port Arthur in China, that was accompanied by land invasions afterwards
Bulgarian loss to Greece, Romania and Serbia in 1913
4 other points
Assassination on Archduke Franz Ferdinand June 28, 1914
Russia was influenced by loss of Serbia giving Austro-Hungary and Germany more power
Alliances that were tied together were used as excuses to hide true motives
(Serbian-Russia ties, Dual Alliance, Franco-Russian Military agreement, Britain-Belgium neutrality)
2 Alliances
The Allies
The Central Powers
A Closer Look At The Alliances
Multiple Motives
Triple Entente: Britain (India, Canada, South America, Newfoundland New Zeland, Russia, and France
Serbia, Monaco, Montenegro, Belgium, Japan and Nepal
Italian Republic (Italy)
Portugal and Romania
Siam and China
United States
1918/Other Declarations
Andorra, Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Guatemala, Hati, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and San Marino
Triple Entente: French Republic, Russian Empire, British Empire (India, Canada, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and British Crown Colonies)
Fought All The Way
Austrian-Hungarian Empire
German Empire
Ottoman Empire
Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Other Temporary Involvements
Polish Legions
Irish Nationalists
Neutral Nations
Argentina, Bolivia, Bhutan, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Paraguay, Persia, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden
Netherlands, Afghanistan, Denmark, Ethiopia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Mexico, Norway, Venezuela,
Which Countries Played The Main Roles In World War 1?
5 Main Countries With Some Noteable Others
Noteble Countries
Large amount of dominions and crown colonies in multiple continents
Larger Navy than

3rd most amount of men with an extra 2.5 million from dominions bringing total to 8.7 million
Started the war by annoucing war after ultimatium sent to Serbia was not 100% agreed to
Major European power, allianced with Germany
Did not negotiate when chance was provided and ended up facing disastrous defeat
Franco-Russian Military Convention
2nd most amount of men
The main goal in German invasion
Strong Russian ally; together surrounded Germany
Powerful, one of the main Allies
One of the main Allies
Large supporter of Austrian-Hungarian war with Serbia
Wanted alliances; Dual Alliance with Austria-Hungary
German preparation plan for two front war against France and Russia almost succeeded, Schlieffen Plan
Wanted more power and influence within Europe
Very ambitious and plotted thoroughly, Chancellor Bismarck, key player
Largest country with the most men and strong supporter of Serbia
Did not want Austria-Hungary to take over Serbia and get closer to Ottoman Empire
Connected to both German and Austrian-Hungarian territory
Japan, Italy, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Serbia
British Colonies, United States of America,
Central Powers
All Military Personal
Allies/Central Powers Mobilization
Allies/Central Powers Total Comparison
Allies/Central Powers Deaths
Allies/Central Powers Wounded Soldieres
Allies had more deaths, wounded soldiers, missing soldiers, and soldiers than the Central Powers
Allies: France and Russia had the most men and most casulties
Central Powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary had the most men and most casulties
Central Powers
2 Sides; Who Won Who Lost?
Large territorial gain
Loss of almost a whole generation of men
Victorious, made treaties for Central Powers
Some countries found themselves beside new originized nations
National debts
Weakened stronger enemies like German
Temporary peace for a margin of years
Empires falling apart
Deprived of land and in some cases, people
Became the alliance in war that started it all (Germany, Guilt Clause 231)
Treaty of Versailles (Germany), Saint-Germain-en Laye (Austria), Neuilly-sur-Seine (Bulgaria), Trianon (Hungary), Servres and eventually Lausane (Turkey)
Grand amounts of reparation and restoration funding towards Allies and lands
Both Sides
Political and geographical changes
Debts over the world, Great Depression
Civillian fear and war trauma
International thoughts and plans sprung in peoples' minds (Leauge of Nations)
Finnish Citizens
Thank You For Listening
Full transcript