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The Agricultural Revolution

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John Codega

on 23 August 2017

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Transcript of The Agricultural Revolution

The Agricultural Revolution
a.k.a The Neolithic Revolution

Occurred in many places all over the world at about the same time (14,000 - 6,000 years ago)
The Fertile Crescent
Highland New Guinea
**DON'T WRITE THIS ONE DOWN!**
Saharan & sub-Saharan Africa
China
The Andes Region & Mesoamerica
What was it?
The deliberate cultivation of particular plants and the domestication of particular animals.
Why did it occur at a specific time?
The last ice age ended 17,000 years ago and the climate started to be more like it is today...
The Role of Women
Women's role in Hunting and Gathering
collect wild plants so maybe they are responsible for plant domestication.
As hunters, men are most likely responsible for domesticating animals.
Why Settle Down?
These roles lead to major changes in the status of women in the wake of the Agricultural Revolution
As the ice age ended and the earth warmed up, people began to establish permanent villages to exploit the local area.
almost always near water
Population increases
Now H&G won't support everyone
Experiment and innovate with agriculture to solve the "food crisis"
Agriculture spread in two ways
Natural diffusion
colonization and migration (sometimes violent, sometimes not)
Some groups continue to Hunt and Gather
Pastoralism
A variation of the Neolithic Revolution
In areas like Central Asia farming was impossible (or close to it).
people depend on animals
also known as nomads, herders, or pastoralists.
Followed food for the animals
Often in conflict with farmers - why?
Agricultural Societies
More food = more people
BIG APWH CONCEPT!!!
Don't need everyone working towards food production
Allows people freedom to explore other areas/innovate
Leads to technological improvements:
Pottery
Plows
Woven Textiles
Metallurgy
Wheels and Wheeled Vehicles
Legacy of Agriculture
Fundamentally changed humanity
Over time many of the resources released by the Agricultural Revolution accumulated in the hands of a few.
Rich and poor
landowners and peasants
rulers and subjects
dominate men and subordinate women
slaves and free people
Occurred in highly productive agricultural settings which generated substantial economic surplus
Pastorialists are people who spread new technology as they interacted with settled people
ALL OF THIS eventually LEADS TO...
CIVILIZATION!

Point of View Introduction --
Source: Mr. Tom Sunday, AP Physics teacher and Cross County coach, August 2017.
Why would Coach Sunday make the following statements?:
"AP Physics is the best class offered at A.C. Flora High School. Every student at the school should be required to take it in the 10th grade."
"Football is a terrible game. Students are always getting hurt or horribly injured. Also, all the practice and film time really harms the academic prospects of many students".
Not All People Turn to Agriculture
There are some alternatives
Man also figures out how to create and manipulate fire
As man begins to master nature, the environment is permanently altered
Agriculture leads to:
a decrease in the diversity of plants and animals
the physical landscape is changed forever
Pastoralism leads to:
over-grazing
erosion
Full transcript