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Matter, Form, and Minister: The Sacraments
Transcript of Matter, Form, and Minister: The Sacraments
Baptism is the first sacrament of initiation. When Christians are baptized, they start a new life with Jesus Christ.
Confirmation is the second sacrament of initiation. "Confirmation is a Catholic Sacrament of mature Christian commitment and a deepening of baptismal gifts." (Americancatholic.org) In it we receive more fully the gifts of the Holy Spirit
Eucharist is the third sacrament of initiation. In it, we physically receive the Body and Blood of Christ. It is a very important sacrament in that Catholics believe that it is the actual body and blood of Christ.
Through Reconciliation, we receive pardon from our sins and restore our relationship with God. It brings us back into the full grace of God.
Marriage is the sacrament in which two lives are joined in loving union in the name of God. It is a public sign of commitment and of God's values
The Matter, Form, and Minister of the Sacraments
Matter, Form, and Minister of Baptism
Form: "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
Minister: Usually a priest or a deacon, can be anyone, even an unbaptized person, if someone is near death.
Matter, Form, and Minister of Confirmation
Matter: Chrism Oil
Form: "Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit."
Minister: Bishop, sometimes a priest.
Matter, Form, and Minister of Eucharist
Matter: Bread and Wine turned into Body and Blood
Form: "This is my body... This is my blood."
Minister: Priest is need to consecrate, anyone can administer it.
Matter, Form, and Minister of Reconciliation
Matter: The verbal confession of the sins.
Form: "I absolve you of your sins in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
Matter, Form, and Minister of Holy Matrimony
Matter: Mutual consent to offering marriage, rings
Form: "Mutual reception of the couple’s consent by the Church’s minister"
Minister: Priest or a Deacon
Holy Orders is the sacrament in which a person becomes a priest and vows to lead other Catholics in the way of Jesus Christ. He administers all of the sacraments to them as well.
Matter, Form, and Minister of Holy Orders
Matter: Laying on of hands
Form: "A prayer of ordination according to the particular order"
Anointing of the Sick
The Anointing of the Sick is the sacrament that is received when physically very sick or near death. It is not only for physical healing, but it can heal the spirit as well. This is an important sacrament, though it is not that often used.
Matter, Form, and Minister of Anointing of the Sick
Matter: Anointing of oil on the forehead.
Form: "Through this holy anointing, may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up.”
Minister: Can only be done by a priest.