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Liberal v. Conservative of the 1920s

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Sean O'Donnell

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of Liberal v. Conservative of the 1920s

During the 1920s, the push of liberalism and the pull of conservatism changed the lives of many United States citizens. Many people who push for liberalism wanted to change the ways America had once thought. While the conservatives wanted to keep the United States the way it was founded with very little change. The new political ways divided the country in ways that would effect the country in the 1920s and in the future.
Introduction
Marcus Garvey
Liberal
http://international.ucla.edu/media/files/mgppspeech02.wav
Lynching
The bodies of nineteen year old, Elmer Jackson and twenty-year-old Isaac McGhie. Both men were lynched on June 15, 1920 in Duluth, Minnesota. The pull of conservatism was not to change the Jim Crow Laws of segregation and lynchings.
By: Sean O'Donnell,
Enrielle Luis

Liberal v. Conservative of the 1920s
Red Hot Jazz
Born sometime around 1895 in New Orleans, Jazz combined the elements of Ragtime, marching band music, and the blues. What made jazz different was the improvisation the musicians worked with. This was a push of liberalism in America.
Bibliography
In this recording of a speech by Marcus Garvey, it deals with the "Explanation of the Objects of the Universal Negro Improvement Association."
http://www.redhotjazz.com/
http://withoutsanctuary.org/main.html
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/coolbib:@field(NUMBER+@band(amrlgs+gh1))
http://web.international.ucla.edu/africa/mgpp/audio
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/coolhtml/ccpres06.html
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?coolbib:10:./temp/~ammem_3WMU::
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/coolbib:@field(TITLE+@od1(Committee+of+100+on+Indian+Affaires+))
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/AMALL:@field(NUMBER+@band(rpbaasm+0461))
http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/92520545/
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?aasm:4:./temp/
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?hawp:7:./temp/
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?awh:1:./temp/
http://international.ucla.edu/media/files/mgppspeech01.wav
http://memory.loc.gov/mbrs/nforum/9000019.wav
Good Housekeeping
Good Housekeeping was a focus on domestic issues and advice. It was a push of liberalism because magazines were giving domestic advice for families.
Finding They're Identity:
push for liberalism
The Prosperity of the Coolidge Era
With Coolidge as President, working people at many income levels experienced a rise in standard living. By the end of the 1920s, half of the American population owned cars, radios, vacuums, and washing machines. A push of liberalism because the country made advances in technology.
Push For Liberalism:
Herbert Hoover
Technology Advances: Radio
The radio was a communication device that would allow citizens to hear music or news from hundreds of miles away. The photo above are two men installing a radio inside President Coolidge's railroad car. This is a push of liberalism by making technology advances.
In the photo above, President Coolidge is standing aside a car with a hand on a radio. With radios in such high demand, people found use for them in every walk of life. This is a push of liberalism by changing the typical way to use a radio.
Radio Equipment Used on Cars
Prohibition Blues
John Phillip Hall (left) congratulating the new "wet" leader, John C. Linthicum, who was chosen to succeed him. This is conservatism by allowing the country to drink again.
Prohibition
Calvin Coolidge met with Cherokee Indians to discuss the topic of their relationship. This is conservatism because they are not changing anything, but keeping their same relationship.
Indian Affairs
Charles Lindbergh was one of the most popular pilots in the world. He is known for flying over the Atlantic in a single-engine plane. This is liberalism because he went against the social norms.
Charles Lindbergh Airplane
An advertisement for African American music by John Fitzpatrick. Liberalism because African Americans had never been advertised for anything.
African American Music
The new type of music Jazz was loved across the country. Even animals loved hearing it! This is liberalism.
Jazz for Bears
Conclusion
In the 1920s, conservatism and liberalism was on the mind of most Americans. It changed the way of life for many Americans in either positive or negative ways. Jazz, technology advancements, advertisements, and finally prohibition were topics of liberalism that changed America. While, a topic like segregation is conservatism, meaning wanting to keep it the same.
During the 1920s consuming alcohol was banned. This was a huge outburst within the states and was a push for liberalism.

Jazz: A Push for Liberalism
Jazz was one of the outcomes of a more liberal country. It was originally started by African Americans with a mixture of Caribbean and Ragtime.
"Take me to the land of Jazz"
Jazz became more popular as prohibition began. Many people began going to speakeasies to hear this new music. Jazz came from African Americans. This was liberal.
Flappers
Flappers were a new breed of women from the 1920s. These women no longer wore long dresses that covered ankles and wrists. Women now wore short sleeved dress and showed their legs. These women pushed towards liberalism!
Women: no longing sewing on their own
Sewing machines were a major push towards a liberal nation. Women no longer sewed manually with their hands. Sewing machines did it for them and made it quicker.
Leaving the rural cities behind
This is a panoramic picture of several flappers. These women felt the urban city life was more exciting.
A More Modern Way to Wash Clothes
Washing machines drove the nation into liberalism. People did not have to wash their clothes all by themselves now. This was one of the many machines used during the 1920s.
"Farewell you Brown"
http://memory.loc.gov/afc/afccmns/06/063002.mp3
In this audio, it talks about the conservative folklife and landscape of the south.
Marcus Garvey
http://international.ucla.edu/media/files/mgppspeech01.wav
In this audio, Marcus Garvey talks about obtaining his re-entry visa to get back into the US. This would be a conservative act because he was kept out of the US.
Corinne Roosevelt Robinson
http://memory.loc.gov/mbrs/nforum/9000019.wav
In 1920, Corinne Roosevelt Robinson spoke on the air waves. Corinne spoke about how she supported the Harding-Coolidge presidential ticket.
Full transcript