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Erik Love

on 6 January 2015

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Transcript of SS8H6B

SS8h6b: State the importance of key events of the Civil War; include Antietam, Emancipation Proclamation, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, the Union blockade of Georgia’s coast, Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign, Sherman’s March to the Sea, and Andersonville.
In all, 12,913 of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners died there because of starvation, malnutrition, diarrhea, disease, abuse and blunt weapon executions from guards
Confederate Civil War Prison (for Union Soldiers)
Opened in February 1864
Closed @ end of war (April 9, 1865)
Henry Wirz (a Swiss born Confederate officer) was the Commandant of Andersonville
He was the only person IN THE ENTIRE CIVIL WAR executed for war crimes @ the end of the war
1,620 feet
779 feet
almost a lap around the back parking lot @ ICMS
2 laps around the back parking lot @ ICMS
Stockade fence to deadline = 19 feet
What do you think these are?

Why are they located where the are?
These "Pigeon Roosts" were along the outside of the stockade walls
Date: September 17, 1862
Location: Near Sharpsburg, Maryland
Result: Tactically inconclusive; strategic Union victory
United States (Union) CSA (Confederacy)

Commander: George B. McClellan Commander: Robert E. Lee

75,500 "present for duty" 38,000 "engaged"

Casualties and losses
12,401 10,316
(2,108 killed (1,546 killed
9,540 wounded 7,752 wounded
753 captured/missing) 1,018 captured/missing)
allright...imma ask you ONE more time, and then i'll have to really hurt you...you ready to stop fighting?
allright...imma ask you ONE more time, and then i'll have to really hurt you...you ready to stop fighting?
Whom do you take seriously, and why?
The South had been WINNING the war up until Antietam.
The Battle of Antietam was the first significant Union victory of the war.
Lincoln was politically weak...a president loosing a war is not powerful nor is he popular.
Lincoln wanted to end the war as soon as possible...The Emancipation Proclamation was an attempt to do so
He HAD to issue the Emancipation Proclamation from a position of STRENGTH: consider this
Why Antietam is important:
President Lincoln HAD to issue the Emancipation Proclamation from a position of STRENGTH.
He could only do this after the USA had a VICTORY
That victory was Antietam
On the strength of the Union victory @ Antietam (9-17-1863), Lincoln announced that he would issue a formal emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863.
None returned and the order, signed and issued January 1, 1863, took effect
except in locations where the Union had already mostly regained control
The Proclamation:
made abolition a central goal of the war (in addition to reunion),
outraged white Southerners who envisioned a race war,
angered some Northern Democrats,
energized anti-slavery forces,
and weakened forces in Europe that wanted to intervene to help the Confederacy (defeat of King Cotton Diplomacy)
how are these related?
The Emancipation Proclamation
What it was:
What it said:
What it did:
Gettysburg, PA
Battle of Gettysburg
Union Forces
Confederate Forces
Commander: George G. Meade
Strength: 93,921
Casualties: 23,055, of which
KIA: 3,155
Wounded: 14,531
MIA/Captured: 5,396
July 1-3, 1863:
Deadliest battle in American History
Commander: Robert E. Lee
Strength: 71,699
Casualties: 23,231, of which
KIA: 4,708
Wounded: 12,693
MIA/Captured: 5,830
Last major Confederate invasion of the Union, after which, the Confederacy never recovered...
those differences in resources between North and South began to take their toll.
Turning Point of the War
Why was the Battle of Gettysburg important?
It was the
Fun fact: the trail of wounded that followed Robert E. Lee as he retreated back to the Confederacy stretched 14 miles.
Blockade running ships
were faster than the
Union ships
that enforced the blockade. About 5 out of every 6 blockade runners were successful.
Union vs. Confederate
Union blockade ships meant to stop the Confederacy from exporting cotton to Great Britain and France
They also tried to intercept any blockade runners that were attempting to import war supplies provided by Great Britain and France
Blockade runners were mostly manned by British naval officers.
they would take small loads of goods to trade to neutral ports in places like Havanah, Cuba; Nassau, Bahamas; and Bermuda...where the British and French would ship their goods
United States of America
Confederate States of America
Battle of Antietam: September 17, 1862
As you watch this video, consider the following questions:
1. What is the situation with regards to resources available to fight a prolonged war for the Union vs. the Confederacy?
2. How might the South have forced the Union to give in without Antietam or the Emancipation Proclamation?
3. What are some similarities between Antietam and Gettysburg? Differences?
Why was Covington NOT burned to the ground like Atlanta was?
"To army corps commanders alone is intrusted the power to destroy mills, houses, cotton-gins, &c., and for them this general principle is laid down: In districts and neighborhoods where the army is unmolested no destruction of such property should be permitted; but should guerrillas or bushwhackers molest our march, or should the inhabitants burn bridges, obstruct roads, or otherwise manifest local hostility, then army commanders should order and enforce a devastation more or less relentless according to the measure of such hostility."
Consider Sherman's Orders:
Georgia's Capital
Battle of Chickamauga
United States of America
Confederate States of America
Commander: William S. Rosecrans
Strength: ~60,000
Casualties: 16,170 , of which:
(1,657 killed
9,756 wounded
4,757 captured/missing)
Commander: Braxton Bragg
Strength: ~65,000
Casualties: 18,454 , of which
(2,312 killed
14,674 wounded
1,468 captured/missing)
September 19-20, 1863
Last major Confederate victory in the War
Largest Union Defeat in any Eastern State
Strategic failure helped CSA to lose war afterwards
2nd Bloodiest Battle Ever
Chattanooga was a vital railroad hub for EITHER army
Braxton Bragg wins here
But doesn't chase Rosecrans and his army to Knoxville where they are able to regroup and rest
Where William Sherman...eventually comes to take command (DOH!)
Where Ulysses S. Grant takes over these troops and is able to take Chattanooga
hang on now...let's back up, y'all...
this is a RAILROAD MAP
Want to know more?
Watch the film ANDERSONVILLE:
careful...it's 2 hours and 47 minutes long!
Or...just the trailer:
Full transcript