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The Harlem Renaissance: W. E. B. DuBois
Transcript of The Harlem Renaissance: W. E. B. DuBois
1895, First African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University
1909, Co-Founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
1963, DuBois died in Ghana.
W. E. B. Dubois vs. Booker T. Washington
"W.E.B. DuBois Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 9 June 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/web-du-bois-9279924#writing-and-activism&awesm=~oGHdKVAhfG202i>.
Lee, Adam. "The Contributions of Freethinkers: W.E.B. Du Bois." Patheos: Hosting the Conversation on Faith. Avalon Consulting, 27 Sept. 2008. Web. 09 June 2014.
Wormser, Richard. "The Souls of Black Folk." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 09 June 2014
Shmoop Editorial Team. "W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903)." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 9 Jun. 2014.http://www.shmoop.com/harlem-renaissance-literature/racial-division-characteristic-sould-of-black-folk-example.html
Shmoop Editorial Team. "W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903)." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 9 Jun. 2014.http://www.shmoop.com/harlem-renaissance-literature/duality-characteristic-souls-black-folk-example.html
"The Souls of Black Folk"
A collection of essays published in 1903
"The problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of the color-line." (division of blacks and whites)
Ayana, Christine, Zaher
The Harlem Renaissance: W.E.B. DuBois
W. E. B. Du Bois
"I have seen a land right merry with the sun, where children sing, and rolling hills lie like passioned women wanton with harvest. And there in the King's Highways sat and sits a figure veiled and bowed, by which the traveller's footsteps hasten as they go. On the tainted air broods fear. Three centuries' thought has been the raising and unveiling of that bowed human heart, and now behold a century new for the duty and the deed. The problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of the color-line."
"After the Egyptian and the Indian, the Greek and Roman, the Teuton and Mongolian, the Negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second-sight in this American world,— a world which yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world. It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity. One ever feels his two-ness,—an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder."
The Main Problem: The understanding of being black and American at the same time
"Double-consciousness" creates a pride which no other American can experience
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
Educator, Civil Rights Activist, Journalist
Best known spokesperson for African American Rights early to mid twentieth century
DuBois believed in a radical and fast paced transition into society
he did not want to "perpetuate white oppression"
considered more radical
wanted to create "the Talented Ten" (a group of college educated blacks that would lead to emancipation)
Attended School with whites
1885, Moved to Nashville, Tennessee to Fisk University
Experienced American Racism
Went to Harvard for Master's and studied abroad at University of Berlin
Met social scientists and was exposed to political perspective
Enrolled in Friedrich Wilhelms- University for doctoral
Died on August 27, 1963 in Accra, Ghana while working on an encyclopedia of the African Diaspora
The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study
The Souls of Black Folk
Opposed idea of white superiority
Voiced women's rights
Booker T. Washington
Believed in "self- help, racial solidarity, and accommodation"
He wanted a more gradual approach to reentering society
He wanted to win the respect of the higher class and later be accepted to
Established himself as the first great scholar of black life in America
Challenged popular thought such as religion and the ideology of Washington and his followers
Founded the Niagara movement, which died out but led to the development of the NAACP
Actively fought and challenged authority for the right of integration
Teaches us that anyone can speak up for what is right and we should challenge what we think is unfair