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Transportation in WWI

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by

Elaine Janozo

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of Transportation in WWI

Transportation in World War I At the beginning of World War 1, horses were the main source of transportation during warfare. But as the war progressed and trench warfare became more prominent, horses became useless and weak against enemy machine guns and barbed wire. On the other hand, the armies still used them since they were still helpful when transporting supplies and materials close to the front was necessary. Soon enough, the armies stopped using horses in battle. However, during the war, the main means of transportation was not horses but railway trains. Cars were also used but not as often. From Old to New Railway Trains The creation of the steam locomotive/railroad train WHO INVENTED IT?
by English engineer, George Stephenson

WHEN AND WHERE?
completed in England in 1825 for the Stockton & Darlington Railroad company

DEVELOPMENT...
the railway train was the end result of earlier changes to an innovation used as early as 1550 called wagonways
wagonways were wooden rails that horse-drawn wagons or carts used to move easily over dirt roads
in 1776, the wooden rails and wheels were replaced with iron and were called tramways instead
in 1789 William Jessup designed flanged wheels so tramways' wheels would have a better grip on the iron rails
In 1804, Richard Trevitick built the first tramway with a steam engine
In 1825, George Stephenson built the first railroad train with a steam engine It's importance during the Great War Trains were the main source of transportation during the war.
They provided armies with the fastest and most reliable way of transporting large numbers of men and supplies like ammunition
They were used to transport the injured and casualties away from battlefields
The British ended up building special ambulance trains with wards, pharmacies, and kitchens for this very purpose
However, troops couldn't be transported all the way by train and usually had to march or be transferred in horse-drawn vehicles to reach the front lines Cars were also used during the war but not as often. However, they played a huge role near the initial start of the war. The Use of Motorized Vehicles While the Germans carried out the Schlieffen plan near Paris, French military authorities had to find a way of dispatching emergency reinforcements from Paris in a matter of hours. General Joseph Gallieni, the military governor of Paris, had decided to dispatch approximately 4,000 French troops to the front lines using Parisian local taxi cabs. The tactic worked and saved Paris from being captured by Germans. This parade of taxis became known as "the taxis of the Marne". "The Taxis of the Marne" British Cavalry in WWI Allied troops building railways for light railway trains Injured men boarding a hospital train in France Inside a hospital train A working replica of Stephenson's railroad train in 1825 A London tramway being pulled by horses George Stephenson by: Elaine, Archana, and Mike Soldiers load ammunition into Canadian light railway cars
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