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Transcript of INFORMATIVE SPEAKING
LEARNING HOW TO GIVE AN APPROPRIATE INFORMATIVE SPEECH
According to David Zaresfky, the definition of Informative Speaking is the ability to share factual information in an
accurate, clear, meaningful, and interesting
way that is non-persuasive and non-offensive.
How do you feel when YOU hear information that is unclear?
In his book "Public Speaking: Strategies for Success," David Zarefsky, states there are three goals to Informative Speaking:
1. Set an agenda;
2. Provide new information or perspective; and
3. Create a positive or negative feeling in your audience.
DEFINITIONS OF KEY ASPECTS OF INFORMATIVE SPEAKING ACCORDING TO WWW.DICTIONARY.COM
ACCURATE-correct in all details.
CLEAR-easy to perceive, understand, or interpret.
MEANINGFUL-having a serious, important, or useful quality or purpose.
INTERESTING-arousing curiosity or interests.
LET'S LOOK AT SOME EXAMPLES OF INFORMATIVE SPEAKING...GOOD OR BAD.
THIS WILL BE YOUR AUDIENCE WILL IF YOU ARE UNCLEAR- DESPONDENT, DISENGAGED, AND UNINTERESTED IN THE SPEAKER.
TODAY, STUDENTS WILL LEARN:
THE DEFINITION OF INFORMATIVE SPEAKING;
THE GUIDELINES FOR INFORMATIVE SPEAKING;
DAVID ZAREFSKY'S GOALS OF INFORMATIVE SPEAKING; AND
HOW TO INCORPORATE THE DEFINITION GUIDELINES, AND GOALS INTO A PRESENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THOSE DEFINITIONS, INFORMATIVE SPEAKING ALSO COMES WITH SOME GUIDELINES:
Don't overestimate what the audience knows;
Relate the subject directly to the audience;
Don't be too technical;
Personalize your ideas; and
How can you accomplish each goal, yet remain non-persuasive, non-offensive, and still accurate, clear, meaningful and interesting?
This is why it will be important for you to truly understand the goals of Informative Speaking!
IT IS ABOUT PERSONALITY!!! INFORMATIVE SPEAKING BY NATURE CAN BE BORING. IT IS UP TO THE SPEAKER TO INFUSE SOME KEY TECHNIQUES SUCH AS:
LOOK THE PART-NONVERBALLY, YOUR APPEARANCE CAN DO THE PERSUASIVE WORK WITHOUT YOU CROSSING THAT LINE VERBALLY;
PRACTICE YOUR BODY LANGUAGE-IF YOU LOOK LIKE YOU ENJOY THE INFORMATION, YOUR AUDIENCE WILL AS WELL.
AS YOU START TO PLAN YOUR INFORMATIVE SPEECH YOU WILL NEED TO REVIEW BASIC WRITING SKILLS. YOU WILL DO THIS IN THE FORM OF AN IN-CLASS/HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT DUE NEXT WEEK.
PLANNING YOUR PROCESS SPEECH (CAREER PREPARATION) WILL REQUIRE A HUGE AMOUNT OF ORGANIZATION (WHICH WE WILL DISCUSS NEXT WEEK) AS WELL AS RESEARCH. YOU WILL BE REQUIRED TO HAVE THREE SOURCES FOR THIS NEXT SPEECH:
INTERVIEW SOURCE WITH A PROFESSOR IN YOUR DISCIPLINE (THREE-FIVE QUESTIONS THAT MUST BE TYPED AND IN MLA FORM ON YOUR OUTLINE);
WWW.VANTAGESEMINARS.COM-REGARDING YOUR COMMUNICATION COLOR RESEARCH; AND
ONE ADDITIONAL INTERNET SOURCE THAT MUST BE AN ONLINE ARTICLE (FROM A NEWSPAPER OR MAGAZINE), OR FROM AN EDU., GOV., OR, ORG. SITE.
Researching online is not easy. Contrary to popular belief, everything online is not true or even written from a credible source!
Therefore, before you choose a source that you will include in your speech, I want you to do further research that this person(s), organization/group, are CREDIBLE and trustworthy, and have the educational credentials necessary for you to quote the information in your speech.
You are going to partner up with one-two other people (based on attendance numbers) to see who can be the first team to reach the "Research Goal!"
With your team, you will conduct a Research Scavenger Hunt. You must look closely at the clues in order to get the right answer. You will only have THIRTY MINUTES to get all of the answers correct. The first team to complete the goal of the assignment with ALL the correct answers will WIN!
BEWARE!!! If you are caught cheating, performing other work, engaging in frivolous/inappropriate behavior, talking/texting on your cell phone, surfing Facebook/Twitter or other social networking site, not only are you DISQUALIFIED, but you will be asked to gather your things, and leave class for the day. This will count as an Early Dismissal and missing attendance. See course syllabus for point deductions.
Many people go wrong on this speech because they
to be persuasive OR they become persuasive
without meaning too
. It is a fine line.
For purposes of your research for this class, Wikipedia is NEVER a source you will ever incorporate into your speeches. Moreover, Google, Yahoo, and Bing are SEARCH ENGINES. These search engines are NEVER your source that you should incorporate into your speeches.