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First and second conditionals

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by

María Pilar Benito Ronda

on 19 February 2016

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Transcript of First and second conditionals

first and second conditionals
ZERO CONDITIONAL
IF + PRESENT , PRESENT
for something which is always true,
laws of nature
If you heat ice, it melts
If you eat a lot, you get fat
When you mix
red
and
yellow,
you get
orange
1
st conditional
if+ present simple,future
real or possible conditionals
If you
study
conditionals, you
will be
successful at your exam
If you
leave
early, you
will be
on time for your basketball training
Some other possible
1st conditional structures
If+present, imperative
If you
are
hungry,
go
to the kitchen and take a sandwich
Imperative and future
Study and you will pass
all your exams
2
nd conditional
hypothetical conditionals
if + simple past, conditional

(would+ infinitive without to)
IF I HAD A MILLION DOLLARS, I WOULD GIVE MOST OF IT TO CHARITY
IF THERE WERE NO HUNGRY PEOPLE
INTHE WORLD, IT WOULD BE A MUCH BETTER PLACE
Note that after I/ he/ she/ it we often
use the subjunctive form "were" and
not "was" (although some people think
"was" is equally correct but more colloquial)
If she were happy in her job, she wouldn't be
looking for another one.
If I were you
(often used to give advice)
, I´d look for another house
Let's practise!!
THIRD CONDITIONAL
IF + PAST PERFECT, PERFECT CONDITIONAL
If I had studied, I wouldn't have failed
If I had known you were ill, I would have visited you
It talks about the past. It's used
to talk about a situation that did
not happen, and to imagine the result of this situation
conditionals in
movies
Full transcript