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Roman Mosaics

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betsy sam

on 8 March 2013

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Transcript of Roman Mosaics

Roman Mosaics Introduction Have you ever seen pebbled pieces of art or glass-made pictures in Italy? Whether it's at a museum, a cathedral, or even on the streets? Well, then i'm pretty sure that you have seen a Roman mosaic. In fact, since these type of mosiacs have been so influenced, it is all over the world now. Even in Canada! Today, i'm going to be talking about the basics of Roman mosaics and the impact it has made on people, even until now. So, take a look! History Purpose Roman mosaics had lots of purposes to why it was made in the first place. Like the material in the floor, since mosaics provided a durable walking platform, gave a pure decorative side to the structures/buildings of the city, emphasizing the message around the space it's on (ex. displaying a fish in a fish shop), and even to beautify the construction of the room or space (ex. putting a ordinary colour). Influence Materials and Technique Themes The Alexander Mosaic The Alexander mosaic is one of the most popular mosaics of all time. Made in 100 B.C, this Roman floor mosaic was orginally from Pompeii. This mosaic is based on the fight between the armies of Alexander the Great and Persian king Darius lll and Alexander the Great himself was wanting to capture and kill Darius. And since Alexander did defeat him, the mosaic is believed to show the Battle of Issus. It was rediscovered in October 24, 1831 but sent to Naples in 1848, although some parts of the mosaic were ruined. But the main parts of the mosaic that people can recognize are: the picture of Alexander and a picture showing Daruis on a chariot. Did you know that the mosaic has one and a half million coloured tiles (tesserae)? In 2003, the International Centre for the Study and Teaching of Mosaic (CISIM) in Ravenna, Italy, said that they will make a copy of this particular mosaic and it took 22 months (so it was brought at 2005) and the cost in USD is $216,000. But the orginal is and still remaining in the Naples National Archaeological Museum. Biblography http://www.mariamilani.com/ancient_rome/Ancient_Roman_Mosaics.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_mosaic

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Mosaic

http://www.ehow.com/about_5375030_history-roman-mosaics.html Conclusion Thank you for listening to my project on: ROMAN MOSAICS! THE END Plain:
Using only the colours black and white, may even have a different colour on the edge of the mosaic. Firm, clean and civil, the more large the pieces are, the more fast the work has been done.

Geometric Patterns:
Usually having black and white tesserae (cubic coloured tiles used for making mosaics) but for some, it can be used as a different colour. The geometric pattern might have a modular design that repeats on the whole floor or can be mainly plain with central geometry that can possibly give a visual effect of a 3D movement.

Figurative:
Having geometric patterns, it can spread throughout the floor or can be constrained to a central panel called "emblema". The central part of the mosaic can be made by artisans or may even be bought ready (the same thing happened with painting). During the trades, it was compared to copies of sculptures, and maybe even with artwork.

Some of the mosaics had a picture where it was depicted as a part of a myth and those were Graeco-Roman influenced pictures. But when it came to the Roman Plebeian art, it was kind of the opposite, since it was dealt in daily life. Like the ones on a memorial stone. How Were They Made? There were so many materials used for making Roman mosaics, including pumice and precious stones, seashells, marbles, exotic pearls, gold, silver, and even golden leaves. But the main materials were coloured pebbles and tiles called tesserae. One of the first techniques in mosaic art was the Ciottoli technique. This technique was basically related to pebbles and they used that to create depth and shade to their masterpiece. The pumice stones and the seashells were to decorate like a some sort of room or an area where there were fountains and statues called nymphaeum. But the marble was for kind of like a cement that was used usually in special Republican floors, which was firm, yet eye-catching. Its Impact on People Roman mosaics made many different kinds of impacts on different kinds of people. Whether it came to the rich nobles to the average customers. For example, a rich person in Ancient Rome would have payed for a central panel with a figure on it (called emblema) and once the light in their impluvium shined on it, it creates a beautiful light that it brings the people interest to what it is. And if the artwork was in that person's room (which barely people did in Ancient Rome), the people would have looked around and be also intrigued by the artwork on the walls and even the expensive furnishing that the person might put in. Even though art in Ancient Rome was all over public (ex. fountain), today mosaics could be either public or private to even see. Like it could be not only on a famous fountain but in a dining room or reception hall. When artists made these Roman mosaics, they used these pieces of tiny coloured tiles called tesserae (mostly). But they all knew that whatever the shape or colour of tiles they were, it was all depending on what the mosaic was going to be and what it needed. Usually the size of some average tesserae would be about 1cm (both height and width) but it could go as small as a few millimeters to the size of a huge marble tile. Did you know that some artists used coloured glass paste as a material for the mosaic? No wonder the tiles never come off! But once the mosaic was in color, the complexity of the artwork was so magnificent, since it showed many effects and shades to make the mosaics so polished yet realistic. The use of mosaics started to spread across Europe by the influence of the Roman Empire. Now mosaics can be found in the British Isles, Spain, and even France. But these mosaics were lacking the essense and the involvement of the Roman mosaics. It might be because you don't see the cultural history in the modern mosaics plus there is the absence of the quality of the material and the training. What are mosaics? They are pictures or patterns that are made by organizing small coloured hard material, such as stones, tiles etc. Mosaics were dated back thousands of years ago and they came for a reason: to make decoration and texture to a background or a shadow of images. Roman mosaics were introduced to devoted buildings and places of worship. The earliest Roman mosaics were from the Republican Period (2nd century B.C) and the colours were set on different types of materials. In the 1st century, Romans began making squared marbled tiles to make the Roman tiled mosaics and they were glazed and cut by hand. This method allowed them to achieve a standard of making mosaics than any other. At that time, they made 1mm squared tiles so they could achieve detail in their face/figure of their artwork, whether it was clothing to strands of hair.
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