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Hamlet Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis on Hamlet Characters
by

Ivy Tran

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Hamlet Psychoanalysis

Brought to you by: Hamlet and Ophelia's Madness PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS IN "HAMLET" Oedipus Complex Madness- Guilt: - Freud states that it is normal for children to have sexual desires of their parent of the opposite sex. It is also normal to have feelings of hatred for the other parent that is of the same sex as the child. How It Started: " Must I remember? Why she would hang on him, as if increase of appetite had grown." (I.ii.143-144)

- Gertrude would hang on to Claudius and the more she was with him, the more she wanted to be with him and she couldn't get enough of him

- Hamlet starts to feel jealous

- Wants to be the only one Gertrude shows affection to Hatred Against Fathers: 1) King Hamlet "I'll call thee Hamlet, king, father, royal Dane." (I.iv. 44-45)

- Hamlet thinks his father as a man first, king second and a father thirdly.

- Shows Hamlet's unconscious that he doesn't want anyone to be beside his mom so he can have Gertrude all to himself 2) Claudius "When he is drunk asleep, or in his rage, Or in the incestuous pleasure of his bed, At game a-swearing, or about some act, That has no relish of salvation in ’t—" (III.iii.90-94)

- Hamlet had a chance to kill Claudius when he was praying but he did not take the chance

- He wants to kill him while he is doing something bad like gambling, swearing or having sex with Gertrude. Physical Attraction Towards Gertrude: "Nay, but to live, in the rank sweat of an enseamèd bed, Stewed in corruption, honeying and making love" (III.iv.92-94) - Not a normal picture to imagine about their own mothers

- Shows jealousy towards Claudius "Refrain tonight, And that shall lend a kind of easiness, To the next abstinence, the next more easy." (III.iv.168-170) - Trying to convince Gertrude to not have sex with Claudius anymore

- Feels jealous and hurt Relationship With Ophelia: - it is not normal

- uses Ophelia as a tool the state of being mad; insanity; crazy Hamlet Ophelia Depression- a condition of general emotional dejection and withdrawal Jang, Quan, Tran 2 Gertrude and Claudius' Guilt Freud's Psyche of Ophelia ID- EGO- SUPEREGO- -prevented her to have sex with Hamlet or any other man she would desire -She is neither approved or desired by anyone
-crushed & devastated

-leads to destiny of suicide as a result from depression

-the only great & brave action was her suicide Hamlet: ...I did love you once.
Ophelia: Indeed, my, lord, you made me believe so.
Hamlet: You should not have believed me...I loved you not.
Ophelia: I was the more deceived. (3. 1. 115-120) -seeks sexual satisfaction from Hamlet (moral) (basic desires) (balance b/t id/superego) -Polonius is imposed as image of morality Depression Madness women usually seek love..................... -sings indecent, vulgar song in front of authority figures

-unable to cope with one traumatic even after another

-result from pressure & abuse from men Freud's Psyche of Ophelia ID- EGO- SUPEREGO- -must listen to Polonius & Laertes to stay away from Hamlet -continue sexual relationship with Hamlet (moral) (basic desires) (balance b/t id/superego) -stops her from sexual intercourse overall "...By Gis and by Saint Charity, Alack and fie for shame, Young men will do't if they come to't-By Cock, they are to blame.
Quoth she, 'Before you tumbled me,
You promis'd me to wed.' " (4.5.58-63) -encounters Hamlet through authority figures only Depression to Madness "I hope all will be well. We must be patient. But I cannot choose but weep to think they would lay him i'th' cold ground. My brother shall know of it." (4. 5. 67-70). -devastated @ loss of father, killed by man of her dreams
-loses sight of reality; falling into madness from melancholy
-love for father so strong that she sent her sanity with him to the grave "...There's a daisy. I would give you some violets, but they withered all when my father died." (4. 5. 181-183). -shows Ophelia changing from obedient daughter into a promiscuous lunatic when father dies Claudius Gertrude a feeling of responsibility or remorse for some offense, crime or wrong “He poisons him i' th' garden for ’s estate. His name’s Gonzago. The story is extant, and writ in choice Italian. You shall see anon how the murderer gets the love of Gonzago’s wife.” (3. 2. 250). -Gertrude and Claudius seemed to have guilt when the topic of late King Hamlet was discussed Claudius desires power.............. -Overwhelmed by jealousy, Claudius had decided to poison his brother and win over his sister-in-law in order to obtain the throne and become the king of Denmark Depression How it Started: Untimely Death of his father King Hamlet King Claudius:
"How is it that the clouds still hang on you?" (1. 2. 60). -Claudius notices Hamlet's still depressed ever since King Hamlet's funeral
-Beginning of his depression Hamlet: "Or that Everlasting had not fix'd / His canon 'gainst self slaughter! God O God!" (1. 2. 131-132). -debating life or death
-imagery of death
-upset that God has forbidden suicide as it is an act of sinning
-Portrays the severity of Hamlet's depression
-An act to escape the horrors of his current reality ...CONTINUED Hamlet: "I have of late, but wherefore/ I know not, lost all my mirth, forgone all custom/ of exercises; and indeed it goes heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame the earth seems to/ me a sterile promontory" (2. 2. 296-298). -initial stage of depression as he outwardly expresses his melancholy to his "friends"

-loss of amusement and enjoyment in life because he is depressed

-feels confined in Denmark (prison) and that there is no way out Madness -His astonishment towards the murder scene may have been interpreted as fear because someone may have possibly figured out -Where as innocent characters & audience, wouldn’t have acted in such ways for the play itself has no affect towards them “My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent” (3. 3. 40). -Claudius admits that he carries guilt within him towards the murder
-Searches for forgiveness
-the throne is a priority, with or without forgiveness in the picture
-results in Claudius jumping back & forth from fear and guilt Gertrude: “O Hamlet, speak no more! Thou turn’st mine eyes into my very soul, and there I see such black and grainèd spots as will not leave their tinct.” (3. 5. 89) -Gertrude is very aware of what she did but through denial and suppression
-she tried to forget of the what she had done but Hamlet brought it all up to surface again
-She tried burying the fact that she had married the brother of the man she had loved
-seems as though she tried to fill the void of her, in which King Hamlet left when he died, and fill it with Claudius & Don't FORGET... Mr. Ross is the BOMBDIGGITY STILL Hamlet: "Mother, you have my father much offended." (3. 5. 9) Have you been paying attention?
*Que activity* How it Started: Hamlet: "And for my soul, why can it do to that,/ Being a thing immortal as itself?/ It waves at me forth again. I'll follow it." (1. 5. 66-68). -Knowing that ghosts of known to rob people of reasons> Hamlet must be mad in following it
-behaviour was thoughtless and rash, the characteristics of madness
-puts on his "antic disposition" to fool his uncle and peers which would buy him time to plan his revenge and scheme
-which shows he must actually be mad to comply to the ghost's directions
-His madness could also be seen when he killed Polonius behind the arrays without second thoughts Hamlet: "You cannot, sir, take from me anything that I will/ not more willingly part withal - except my life, /except my life except my life" (2. 2. 215-217). -Wants to confuse Claudius & Polonius
-Makes Polonius uncomfortable and shows that Hamlet is not mad, and that he is thinking deeply
-Hamlet needs to put on an antic disposition to buy him time
-witty and intelligent
-He cares only about himself & will not care if his uncle of anybody else dies
-By acting mad, Hamlet knows that people will leave him alone or ignore what he says because it will all be nonsense to them. Depression to Madness Hamlet: "If it be not to come, it will be now; if it/ be not now, yet it will come: the readiness is all: since/ no man has aught of he leaves, what is't to leave/ betimes? Let be. (5. 2. 212-215).
-Even though he feels like he won't survive, he still uptakes this challenge

-To follow through with such a mad act, based on the fact that he is depressed, shows how his melancholy causes his madness
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