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King Louis XIV
Transcript of King Louis XIV
King Louis XIV
King Louis XIV was a king who had a very long reign and was very influential on French history and culture.
He has been remembered as the Sun King, even though the second half of his reign was by no means as brilliant as first.
The “Grand Century” of Louis XIV was marked by the image of an absolute Monarch and a powerful State. .
King of France who ruled from 1643-1715. He had the longest lasting reign in the French history. He was characterized by a magnificent court and the expansion of French influence in Europe. He waged three major wars. One with the Dutch, the second with the Grand Alliance, and the third with the Spanish. He was the most outrageous and gave himself a nickname: "The Sun King."
The most powerful, absolute monarch --- King Louis XIV!!!
One of the famous catch phrase by King Louis XIV was "L'etat c'est moi" - "I am the nation."
" I am the Nation"
5th Sep, 1643
--Louis becomes King of France. Louis XIV became king at the age of four. He began ruling after the death of Cardinal Mazarin, his chief minister. (Weakness for the people, and strength for himself)
9th Mar, 1661 Louis weakens nobles, and strengthens government. He does this by increasing taxes on the nobles, and increasing the dominance of the government
9th Mar, 1667 Louis attempts to expand France. He captured Spanish Netherlands and gained 12 towns for his country. Confident with his success, he led his army to invade Dutch Netherlands. But, they had failed.
9th Mar, 1668 Louis fights additional wars. However, by the end of the 1680's, a Europeanwide alliance formed to stop France. Their defensive strategy was to balance out the power, in which no single country could dominate others.
1st Jan, 1669 Louis expand the Palace of Versailles. The Palace of Versailles was originally a hunting lodge built in 1624, by Louis XIII. Louis XVI expanded this palace to proof his absolute power.
14th Nov, 1682 Louis supports the Arts. Louis XIV made art very popular, especially opera and ballet. He believed that the purpose of art during the Renaissance period, was to glorify the king and help his ruling.
1st Jan, 1701 War of the Spanish Succession. A war that lasted from 1701 - 1713, in which various European states fought to prevent the French from controtlling Spain and France. France lost their colonies and wealth.
1st Sep, 1715 Louis XIV dies. Louis XIV died in his bed and the news of his death made France happy.
King Louis XIV promoted industrial growth.
He limited the borrowing practices of the past.
He also created programs and institutes to promote more arts into the French culture.
He made colonies in the America's and the far east.
After discovering the Mississippi river, he claimed the land and named it Louisiane.
He made the palace of Versailles.