Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
"Chitrangada" by Rabindranath Tagore
Transcript of "Chitrangada" by Rabindranath Tagore
by Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) Nupur Basu Tagore's Background Playwriter, poet, songwriter, dramatist, novelist, painter, educator.
The first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.
Introduced a new style, verse, and prose to Bengali literature- different from classical Sanskrit.
Highly influential in introducing the East to the West, and vice-versa (modernization). Influences Cultural:
Modernized Bengali art and theater by resisting linguistic structures/features used by a traditional/Sanskrit society.
Broad range of topics in his novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas (both political and cultural).
Political Compositions: India's National Anthem, "Jana Gana Mana" and Bangladesh's National Anthem "Amar Shonar Bangla".
Was offered 'Knighthood' from King George V in 1915- Accepted but renounced and returned it to show support for Indian Independence. "Rabindra Nritya Natya" Three dance-dramas composed by Tagore:
Story on stage told through dance, song, and direct recital of text:
About women/ issues relating to women- women in spotlight
Dance form- "Rabindranritya"
Language- Bengali (although has been translated in many other languages)
Highlights matrilineal society/traditions The Original "Chitrangada" Plot "Mahabharata":
-Focuses on Arjuna, 3rd brother of the Pandavas
-Meets Chitrangada in Manipur (daughter of the King)
-King of Manipur asked that her future children be named heir to the throne of Manipur
-Arjuna and Chitrangada had a son- Babruvahana
-Their son becomes king of Manipur- heir comes down through his mother's lineage
-Follows matrilineal customs/traditions Tagore's "Chitrangada" 1892, Dance-drama plot:
-Spotlight on Chitrangada; character expansion.
-The only daughter of King of Manipur, brought up in a manly way (due to lack of mother's presence).
-Protector of the land, warrior.
-Finds Arjuna hunting, falls in love with him.
-He mistakes her for a man (due to fighting capabilities, manly attire, manly behavior).
-She receives a boon from Kamadeva, the Hindu God of love, and turns into a beautiful woman.
-Arjuna falls in love with her beauty, but doesn't know her true nature. Tagore's "Chitrangada", continued... -She wishes he would love her for what she really is.
-Meanwhile, enemies come to Manipur and Chitrangada is called upon to fight for her people.
-Arjuna finds out that she is the greatest warrior of Manipur and he considers her his equal.
-Chitrangada appears, saves her people, and reveals her true form in front of Arjuna.
-Arjuna marries her, and they have a son named Babruvahana, who goes on to become heir to the throne of Manipur. Tagore's Themes in "Chitrangada" The Spotlight on Women: -"Mahabharata" focuses mainly on Arjuna, while Tagore focuses on Chitrangada.
-Addresses the importance of the woman warrior, without whom Manipur would be easily conquered by enemies.
-Importance of looking beyond the face of women- getting to know their inner identities, finding inner beauty. The Switch of Gender Roles: -Raising a female as a male.
-Her attire, behavior, and capabilities.
-Females doing "manly" jobs.
-Chitrangada as a warrior, protector. Equality of Women/ Matrilinial Society -Acceptance of women taking on roles not traditionally meant for them.
-Arjuna treats Chitrangada as his equal, even as a fighter/warrior.
-Arjuna marries her not because she is beautiful, but because he is impressed by her true capabilities- usually not given importance in traditional societies.
-Non-traditional forms of royal lineage- passed down through the mother.
-She provides security. Tagore's General Themes in Dance-Dramas "Chandalika":
-A female untouchable who is degraded by society.
-Meets and falls in love with a monk who teaches us that everybody is equal in the eyes of God.
-The test of a woman's strength and endurance.
-Romantic tragedy about a female court dancer who falls in love with a man who has been falsely accused and faces execution.
-She can save him by taking his place.
-The test of a woman's love and her strength. Bibliography Outline -Tagore background
-Nature of his dance-dramas
-Video clip Das, Arabindo. "Chitrangada: An English Version of the Original Bengali Drama "Chitrangada" of the Poet-preceptor, Rabindra Nath Tagore." Bandana Das, 2002. Thompson, Edward J. "Rabindranath Tagore: Life and Work (Studies in Asiatic Literature No. 57)." Haskell House Pub Ltd; 2nd edition. June 1974. Das, Sisir Kumar. "The English Writings of Rabindranath Tagore: Poems." South Asia Books. 1 December 1994. BOOKS: ARTICLES: Shukla, Richa. "Dance-drama on Tagore’s Chitrangada." The Times of India. 8 August 2011. <http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-08-08/people/29863914_1_dance-drama-gurudev-rabindranath-tagore-odyssey>