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FANFICTION

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Martyna Borkowska

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of FANFICTION

"Fan fiction is what literature might look like if it were reinvented from scratch after a nuclear apocalypse by a band of brilliant pop-culture junkies trapped in a sealed bunker. They don't do it for money. That's not what it's about. The writers write it and put it up online just for the satisfaction. They're fans, but they're not silent, couch-bound consumers of media. The culture talks to them, and they talk back to the culture in its own language." - Lev Grossman, TIME, July 18, 2011
Modern Phenomenon
Before 1965 the term "fan fiction" was the term used mostly in science fiction fandom (fandom is a kind of subculture used to call the group of fans) works which were published in fan fiction magazines named "fanzines".
Modern Phenomenon
The first modern fan fiction was popularized via Star Trek Fandom and their magazine "Star Trek Fanzine" in the 1960s. The first fanzine about Star Trek was published in 1967 and it was called "Spockanalia". It contained some fan fiction.
Japanese Dojinsi
Dojinsi is a similar phenomenon in Japan which also appeared about the 1960s. People were independently publishing their manga and novels and similar to fan fiction, it was based on existing manga, anime and video games.
The most popular fan fiction sections
Harry Potter (book)
Naruto (anime, manga)
Twilight (book)
InuYasha (anime, manga)
Glee (TV show)
Hetalia: Axis Powers (anime, manga)
Supernatural (TV show)
Bleach (anime, manga)
Kingdom Hearts (Game)
Pokemon (anime, manga, game)
Fanfiction
Fanfiction (the abbreviation is fanfic, fan fic or simply fic) is the story written by fans or critics, based on the original works. It is almost never published.
In fan fiction, one of the most important things is to get to know the original, before you start reading a fan fiction work.
Precursors
Categories
&
Types
Relationship to canon

The most common term is
alternate universe
. There are two main sub-categories of alternate universe fan fiction: stories that exist in the same "world" as canon, but change one or more major plot points and stories that take some or all characters from the source material and put them in an entirely different situation.
Romantic or sexual pairings
There are four main categories:
Slash (same-sex male pairings)
Femslash (same-sex female pairings)
Het (heterosexual pairings)
Gen (short for 'General')
Genres and tropes
Fan fiction stories can be written in any
genre
.
"
Crack
" refers to stories in which completely ridiculous, unbelievable or insane things occur, often without reasonable explanation but great enjoyment.
"
Angst
" refers to a genre of stories with prevalent physical or, mainly, emotional torment of characters.
"
Fluff
" refers to stories in which there is no angst or, often, any real plot either. They tend to be short and sweet, with little to no depth.
Kinks
The term kink has a somewhat different connotation in reference to fan fiction than it does in mainstream culture.
It refers to an unusual element of a story that some authors and readers find especially pleasing, but which others may consider squicks. Kinks vary from mild to extreme sexual acts, so should be listed in the author's warnings.
There are many terms that people might not understand. Here is a list which can be an explanation of some strange terminology which is common to fan fiction:
Robert Henryson
Robert Henryson - was a poet who flourished in Scotland in the period c. 1460–1500. He lived in the royal burgh of Dunfermline and is a distinctive voice in the Northern Renaissance at a time when the culture was on a cusp between medieval and renaissance sensibilities.
The Testament of Cresseid
- a very early form of fan fiction. The story is based on Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde and, like most fan fiction, it seeks to elaborate on narrative gaps in the original work. In this case Henryson invents a tragic end for Cresseid, as her final fate is not mentioned in Chaucer's original version of the story.
Samuel Richardson
(19 August 1689 – 4 July 1761) was an 18th-century English writer and printer. Richardson was an established printer and publisher for most of his life and printed almost 500 different works, with journals and magazines.
He is known for his novel:
Pamela: Or, Virtue Rewarded
(1740). It tells the story of a beautiful maidservant named Pamela Andrews, whose nobleman master, Mr.B is infatuated with her, first by her looks and then her innocence and intelligence, but his high rank hinders him from proposing marriage.
Charlotte Brontë
(21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels are English literature standards. She wrote Jane Eyre under the pen name Currer Bell.
She and her siblings wrote many stories and novels detailing fantasy adventures of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. Later tales focused on Arthur, who became an almost super-heroic figure, the Duke of Zamorna. The Bronte juvenilia are an early example of
"real person fan fiction".
The turn of the 20th century saw parodies and revisions of Lewis Carroll's
Alice in Wonderland
by authors including
Frances Hodgson Burnett
and
E. Nesbit
Frances Hodgson Burnett
(24 November 1849
– 29 October 1924) was an English-American playwright and author. She is best known for her children's stories, in particular
Little Lord Fauntleroy
(1885-6),
A Little Princess
(1905), and
The Secret Garden
(1909).
Edith Nesbit
(15 August 1858 – 4 May 1924) was an English author and poet; she published her books for children under the name of E. Nesbit. She wrote or collaborated on over 60 books of fiction for children, several of which have been adapted for film and television. She was also a political activist and co-founded the Fabian Society, a socialist organisation later connected to the Labour Party.
Crossovers
It is a kind of fan fiction that mixes two or even more different sections, eg. Harry Potter with Star Wars etc. where fandoms from section A meet in the world from section B (it is also possible to place them in a neutral location).
These stories may include romantic or sexual pairing between characters from diffrent sections.
Length
There is no particular division on fan fiction lenght it depends on the author. Fan fiction is strongly developed in the Internet in form of a blog so stories may last for many years (which may include even hundreds of chapters).
Ratings
Site Fanfiction.net gives the division of fan fiction stories in view of readers' age:

'K' for Kids (for all ages)
'K+' for older kids (from the age of 9)
'T' for Teens (from the age of 13)
'M' for Mature (from the age of 16)
'MA' for Mature Adults (from the age of 18)
Harry Potter fan fiction
It is one of the most popular themes of the fan fiction stories. Site harrypotterfanfiction.com gathers 80,000 stories. Very popular themes n these stories are romantic/sexual pairing between Harry Potter & Draco Malfoy, Lily & James Potter and Hermione Granger & Draco Malfoy.
Harry Potter fan fiction
J.K. Rowling, the author of H.P. series, supported fan fiction stories in the Internet. In March 2007 some studies showed that this theme of fan fick was the most desirable result of searching.
Potter f-f has a big response from slash fiction which mostly contains male slash fiction.
The term '
slash
' originates from the slash between the names of the characters in a relationship
(e.g.
Kirk/Spock
).
Sometimes pairings are represented as words combining the names of both parties (e.g. Johnlock for Sherlock/John) similar to the popularity of celebrity couple nicknames such as
Brangelina
.
Mary Sue
is a trope originating in Star Trek fan fiction. It means an idealized character representing the author. The original mention of the term Mary Sue came from a Star Trek fanfiction story called

A Trekkies Tale
”.
They are often portrayed as the most beautiful, intelligent, powerful character with whom everybody falls in love and they can fix everybody's problems.
There are so many tropes, which are used in fan fiction, that it would be impossible to name them all.
Fanfiction terminology
Common fandom terms
Adult
- graphic has violent/sexual content and the reader can be only a person who is at least 18 years old
Badfic
- fan fiction written in a horrible manner, as a type of Parody Story
Cosplay
- it'd a type of performance in which fans dress up as characters
Filk
- stories written along lines of a song, it is usually a parody of the song
Kidfic
- stories in which characters are changed into children
Legality
People often ask questions about legality of fan fiction and copywriting it. It is said that in original works there are many elements that an author of fan fiction can borrow. The law does not clearly say what elements can be borrowed and which not.
Common fandom terms
Muse
- it refers to source of inspiration for author, it can be another person or just imagination
Not!fic
- stories that are not clearly fan fiction but it can be a summary of an original work
Podfic
- fan fiction story which is recorded in audio and the podcast format is used
Songfic
- storis inspired by music
Wingfic
- story in which the wings of characters are featured
Fan film
Fan film is a video inspired by the original film or televistion program. Like fan fiction it is created by fans. Fan film "directors" are mostly amateurs but some of the films are created in a professional way.
Examples of Fan film
The video was published on youtube.com by Lauren Smith
Examples of Fan film
The movie published by PotterwatchProd
Fan fiction
Bibliography
Common fandom terms

Profic
- professionaly written original stories published to make a profit

Faction
- small group of fans within a fandom and it is divided into fans preferences

Darkfic
- story where either the contnt and the characters are presented in a darker way

Deathfic
- story where majority or minority of characters dies

Drabble
- story which is eactly 100 words length
Common fandom terms

Curtain fic
- story in which characters are engaged in domestic activities: cooking, washing etc.

Amnesia fic
- story in which the character loses his memory

Backstory
- contains the scenes of the past, before canon's timeline

Bonding
- story in which characters are connected emotionally or physically

Fanvid
- music videos created by fans, there are used some materials from original music videos
Is fanfiction legal?
Fan fiction is a derivative work, when the author uses copyrighted elements in someone else's work. And copywright owners always have the right to create a common work to the original.
https://www.fanfiction.net/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fan_fiction
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fan_film
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Henryson
http://www.poemhunter.com/robert-henryson/biography/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Richardson
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Bront%C3%AB
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Hodgson_Burnett
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._Nesbit
http://ongoingworlds.wordpress.com/2011/03/23/the-origins-of-the-mary-sue-character/
http://www.angelfire.com/falcon/moonbeam/terms.html#K
http://chillingeffects.org/fanfic/faq.cgi#QID139
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Potter_fandom
http://www.angelfire.com/falcon/moonbeam/terms.html#C
Katarzyna Frackiewic
Sylwia Baran
Martyna Borkowska
Prepared by
Full transcript