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Film Studies: Unit 2 - History of Cinema
Transcript of Film Studies: Unit 2 - History of Cinema
Home video market
VHS and DVD sales
Faster and wider distribution
The Kuleshov Effect
The Kuleshov Effect is a film editing (montage) effect demonstrated by Russian filmmaker Lev Kuleshov in the 1910s and 1920s.
Changing one frame of a montage can change the entire meaning of a piece.
Alfred Hitchcock explains...
Putting a series of shots together in a film (also known as editing or cutting)
"Willful suspension of disbelief."
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1817)
Audiences know what they're seeing isn't real, but they are willing to go along for the ride.
Aristotle (c. 335 B.C.)
The action in a play should take place over no more than 24 hours.
The Classical Unities
a play should have one main action that it follows, with no or few subplots.
A play should cover a single physical space and should not attempt to compress geography, nor should the stage represent more than one place.
The Unity of Time
The Unity of Action
The Unity of Place
William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
Only two of Shakespeare's plays (The Comedy of Errors and A Midsummer Night's Dream) observe all three of The Classical Unities.
One of the first major playwrights to violate The Classical Unities
By breaking the traditional rules, Shakespeare changed the way that audiences understood and observed theatrical drama.
THE CLASSICAL UNITIES
become the unofficial "rules" of drama for more than 1,000 years.
A crash course in the history of drama
(+ 1,700 new words)
First things first:
Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze Jan. 7, 1894
Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904)
Invented the Zoopraxiscope, which allowed images to be viewed in a quick, rotating series so as to create the illusion of motion.
Created "motion" pictures with a string of still images
Thomas Edison (1847-1941)
The device was designed for films to be viewed by one individual at a time through a peephole viewer window at the top of the device
Developed the Kinetoscope
IMPORTANT FILM MAKING INVENTIONS
The Silent Era
Success marks the end of the silent era and the advent of "the talkies"
The Jazz Singer
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
"The Golden Age of Cinema"
The Digital Cinema Age
End of the Hays Code
Bold new subjects
Film school directors
The Studio System
The Hays Moral Code
The Great Depression
Fewer movies, bigger budgets
Many movies made quickly
A TIMELINE OF AMERICAN CINEMA
(For a more detailed look at Cinema History, consult pages 640-671 of your textbook)
This week's homework:
Which cinematic development or historical period do you believe was the most influential or significant?
Explain your reasoning (using citations from your text) in one typed page. Due Friday.
What's the OLDEST movie you've ever seen?
What stands out to you about this film?
1820s - 1830s
The first camera images
BOND. JAMES BOND.
"Dr. No" (1962)
"Casino Royale" (2006)
What was the biggest difference you noticed between the early films and the later ones?
Shoots multiple "planes" of images on top of one another at varying distances. Gives animated films depth and perspective.
Film has its greatest impact not by the smooth unrolling of images, but by their juxtaposition.
The "Odessa Steps" sequence is one of the most famous examples of montage in all of film history.
WRITE YOUR REACTIONS.
Joining two images actually produces a "tertium quid" (a third thing), so the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
Films have come a long way in 100 years.
Camera, film, effects, and editing techniques have likewise evolved over time.
What differences stand out to you between these two 007 films?
UNIT 2: FILM HISTORY
SAVING PRIVATE RYAN
The "Omaha Beach" sequence is also one of the most famous examples of montage in all of film history.
WRITE YOUR REACTIONS.
Early drama and moving from stage to screen