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Bree Hodal

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of Personality

“How can you maximize the “fit” between personality and job choice?”

Fit vs Misfit
Job Fit
Personality/Job "Fit" Tools
1. The individuals personality

Job Characteristics Model

How to maximize the “fit” between personality and job choice:
from using the
Big Five traits test
to help see where your personality fits into a job
Holland’s personality-job fit theory
and relationships among occupational personality types
undertaking a
core-self evaluation

Even personality fit is vital, you must also take into consideration other external factors such as
organizational culture
to maximize job ‘fit’.

(Robins et al, 2013, p 96; Bretz Jr & Judge, 1994; Holland, 1997).
Session Outline
• How to define job “fit” and “misfit”?

Activity: using the Big 5 Model

What are some of the tools available to managers in deciding person-job fit in selection and recruitment?

Activity: Holland's Personality test

• What is the relationship between personality and job fit?

Activity: using Holland's theory

Are there facts other than personality that can influence job fit?

Learning Objectives
Understand how Costa & McCrae’s Big Five model operates and lists the 5 characteristics

Discuss the importance of a positive core-self evaluation

Identify Holland’s personality-job fit theory and discuss the six personality types

Describe the relationship between personality and job fit

Suggest other factors besides personality that can influence job "fit"
Job Characteristics Model
Other Factors that can influence job 'fit'
Misfit Fit
In theoretical terms
“personality is a sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others” and influences their thoughts, motivations and behaviours

(Robins et al, 2013, p 84).
Those who score high for this trait tend to enjoy adventure and be open to new experiences

High scorers for conscientiousness are generally organized and dependable

Those who are high on this scale draw their energy from being around others, so they tend to be more sociable

High scorers for this trait are often trusting, helpful and compassionate.

People with high scores for this trait are usually confident and don’t tend to worry often (this may be tested as neuroticism, in which case high scorers would be prone to worrying and anxiety).

(How The "Big Five" Personality Traits Can Create A More Effective team, 2014)
Holland's Theory
2. the environment of that
particular job.
Meyres-Briggs Type Indicator
Other personality traits used for job "fit"
· Machiavellianism
· Narcissism
· Self monitoring
· Risk taking
· Type A personality
· Proactive personality

(Judge Robbins,M. 2013).
1) How's the job/task being perform
-Demands on workers: Activities, workload
-Information used: how each sector of organization communicates
2) Individual's characteristics
- knowledge/ Values/Attitude
3) Organization & Social environment:
focus on an interaction between individual and work environment
-Teamwork and Structure

Affected individual's performance, decision and behaviors
Influence organization to incorporate their culture into business decision
Matching individuals' value + Organizational Value
Both individuals and environment work together to create a harmonious 'Fit'
Culture= Behavior, represents the general operating norms in work environment
Cultural Fit create work enjoyment, relationship and work processes

Skill Variety
the degree to which job requires a variety of different activities.

Task Identity
the degree of which a job requires completion of a whole and identifiable peace of work.

Task Significance
the degree of which a job has a substantial impact on the lives or work of other people.

the degree of which a job provides substantial freedom and desecration to individual in scheduling the tasks and carries them out.

the degree of which carrying out the work activities required by a job results in the individual getting direct and clear information about the effectiveness of the job performance.

(Robins et al, 2013, p 186).
The Big 5 Model
"The Internship"~ identify what personality traits are demonstrated by interviewers and the interviewees
Personality and the Job-fit
Individual fit in their jobs by:

the level of pay and benefits
the perceived fairness of the promotion system within a company
the quality of the working conditions, leadership and social relationships
the job
"If your personal life is going well, the positive affect attached to that experience will follow you into the workplace. ...”
Spillover's Hypothesis
Activity : Match the jobs and personality characteristics to one of Holland's Personality traits
Holland's Theory Personality test
(Holland, 1997; Robins et al, 2013, p 96-97)
(Studyblue, 2014)
Individuals typically show improvement in their job if these two criteria are met.
(Robins et al, 2013, p 187).
The Big 5 Model
(Cooper, B. 2014)
(Study conducted at University of
Hawai‘i, 2014)
(Perry,I. 2014)
Holland's Theory

(Holland, 1997; Robins et al, 2013, p 96-97)
Jobs that 'fit'

• Mechanic/Machinist

• Health Services


I am a practical person

I like putting things together or assembling things

Has good skills in working with tools, mechanical or electrical drawings, machines, or plants and animals

Sees self as practical, mechanical, and realistic.


Jobs that 'fit'
Marine Biology

• Psychology

• Medicine/Surgery

Is good at understanding and solving science and math problems; generally avoids leading, selling, or persuading people

I enjoy trying to figure out how things work

Sees self as precise, scientific, and intellectual.

Jobs that 'fit'

• Travel

• Advertising

• Human Resources

Is good at teaching, counseling, nursing, or giving information

These people like to work with other people, rather than things

Sees self as helpful, friendly, and trustworthy.

Jobs that 'fit'


• Photography

• Interior Design

I like acting in plays

Likes to do creative activities like art, drama, crafts, dance, music, or creative writing; generally avoids highly ordered or repetitive activities

I am expressive, original, and independent.

Jobs that 'fit'


• Insurance

• Banking

I like to have clear instructions to follow

Is good at working with written records and numbers in a systematic, orderly way

Sees self as orderly, and good at following a set plan.

Jobs that 'fit'

Real Estate

• Marketing/Sales

• Lawyer

• Likes to lead and persuade people, and to sell things and ideas; generally avoids activities that require careful observation and scientific, analytical thinking

Values success in politics, leadership, or business;

I would like to start my own business

Personality traits and Job-fit have an
apparent relationship!
The correlation connects strongly with the
Big Five Personality Traits (O.C.E.A.N.)

Conscientiousness, and
Extroversion were the most strong correlations.

('A meta-analysis of relations between person–organization fit and work attitudes’ by Verquer M. L. et al. 2002)
(Jobbr, B. 2014)
Holland's typology of personality and congruent occupations
Relationships among occupational personality types
(Robins et al, 2013, p 96-97)
the Jobs that 'fit' and
Statatments with these personality types
Full transcript