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Propaganda &censorship during the Franco era. (1939-1973) (r

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gabriela rojas

on 20 September 2013

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Transcript of Propaganda &censorship during the Franco era. (1939-1973) (r

Propaganda &censorship during the Franco era. (1936-1975)
What is censorship?
Censorship is overt effort on the part of authority to control communication before publication ( Martinson , 2008)

Can take shape in many ways :
banning books
banning film , arts and feel of expression
controlling media content including print ,film and radio

Two Types of censorship :
Public - where information is taken by external sources. E.g changing news stories to suit government views.
Private - individuals reactions to situations where public censorship does not exist. Refers to individuals own suppression (Cook &Heilmann,2013)
What is propaganda?
1. information that can be misleading in nature, can often be used to promote a political view.

Franco used propaganda to manipulate the thoughts and feelings of the spanish people.
This was clearest in the case of the state news agency (EFE) , film (NODO) and drama
Franco insisted on positive news and unified Spain
Spanish primary school where taught based on catholic teaching and unified spain
How do they work together and what impact can they have?
Inextricably linked together
In Franco's era both worked together this allowed for maximum impact on culture and society
Entertainment and news where closely linked to show a "national culture "
By blocking out main forms of expression the spanish people where manipulated into suppression
Constantly changing and evolving over time
Examples of propaganda - Film
Summary points
Censorship and propaganda had a massive impact on the way people conducted themselves publicly and privately
Created a unified Spain that shared in a similar values and culture
Overall there are many types of different censorship and propaganda . used together and well thought out can have a large impact
information was limited and often one sided
Censorship and propaganda changed over time
Impact on censorship on society after the Franco era
After the death of Franco the world changed completely for the spanish people.
people where allowed to interact socially and politically
freedom of speech
allowed to be consumers
leisure time was not restricted
Who was Francisco Franco?
Born 4 December , 1882
Military leader who dictated from 1936 to his death in 1975
Franco’s father was an officer in the Spanish Naval Administrative Corps, and his mother was a conservative, upper-middle-class Roman Catholic
Quickly rose through the ranks
After taking Madrid in 1936 Franco ruled in true totalitarian fashion
political oppression
status of women quickly changed
High influence of propaganda and censorship
1975 marked his death and end of regime
Discussion Questions?
In your own life , do you think its possible to be impacted by propaganda? Are you impacted by it ?

Do you believe censorship exist in our society? Give reason and examples in your answer.

For the spanish people, what do you think might have been like to return to freedom of speech and press?

Do you believe Spain did become a culture waste land ? why?
NODO- Organization that controlled , film and documentaries .
Blocking out issues that did not tie into with core Christian values . ( sexuality and left wing materials)

Ama lur (1968) Basque documentary a device used to aid collective memory
Directed by Fernando Laaruquert & Nestor Basterretta
First full length movie the feature the Basque country and traditions through images an thematic discourse that reference art and culture
indication of change

Poster And print examples of propaganda
Consequence of censorship and propaganda on political and cultural expression
Changes across time
1930s- aggressive in banning out non Casilian language , symbols etc

1960s-Some freedom and expression was allowed as long as aligned with National Movement . New lay de la presa (1966)

1970- censorship and propaganda less evident but still around

Limited cultural expression - everything was screened by the government prior to being shown.
Expression culturally and politically had to tie to suit the regime
Idea of cultural waste land- intellectuals, actors and artist leaving the Spain to more freely express
Question: Censorship and propaganda in Franco's Spain. Explore the concepts of censorship and propaganda, and provide examples of what was censored and promoted and by whom during Franco's regime. Examine the consequences of censorship and propaganda on political and cultural expression.
Section one : Exploring the concepts of propaganda and censorship during the Franco era.
Understanding what they mean and how they work together
Section two: Examples of propaganda, including film and literature
Including how it changed over time
Second three: Impact on political and culture expression.
Censorship in Spain during the Franco era
Spain was characterized by censorship and repression especially from the 1940s to 1960s .
Franco had implemented a press law (1938)
Limited political and cultural discourse
Material was examined and screened for elements that related to sex , politics or religion

James Joyce's - Censorship and propaganda
Controversial Irish poet and novelist
Works were subjected to censorship and propaganda by the press and propaganda office
Banned at the during the 30s and 40s
literature was translated and changed to suit regime themes.
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