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Copy of Copy of Summarization vs. Evidence Based Writing: a Plan to Develop Student Historical Thinking Skills
Transcript of Copy of Copy of Summarization vs. Evidence Based Writing: a Plan to Develop Student Historical Thinking Skills
Lincoln High School
Wisconsin Rapids, WI
Identifying the problem: Teaching experiences and AP Readings
Research and guiding question
Analysis of two instructional approaches
What instructional strategies develop student analytical thinking, writing, and reading skills so they can evaluate evidence and construct arguments based on evidence?
What the research shows...
The National Center for Educational Statistics reports, "62% of 12th grade readers performed below grade level (NCES, 2009)."
The National Assessment of Educational Progress reports that 55% of 8th graders and 58% of 12th graders perform below grade level when asked to make inferences, show analysis, synthesize information, and evaluate data (NAEP, 2007)
For students to be successful in most post-secondary environments or to pursue a wide range of career pathways, they must have the skills to, "identify an appropriate resource to help answer a question and distinguish among the credibility, utility, and veracity of the information contained in the sources (College and Career Ready, 34)."
Eighty percent or more of the companies in the service and finance, insurance, and real estate sectors, the corporations with the greatest employment-growth potential, assess writing during hiring (National Commissin on Writing 2004)."
Examples of "Fix It" strategies:
rereading, underlining, asking questions of text, summarize, paraphrase, substitute vocabulary, look at context, activate prior knowledge, continue reading, take a closer look at titles, mark areas of confusion, identify main points, read topic sentences first, identify a purpose for the reading.
Model POV Analysis
Simon Cowell, a judge on the hit TV show, American Idol, may use a harsh tone when describing the performance of a contestant because his purpose is to entertain his audience and keep television ratings high.
The South Basin Writing Project, in 2006, did a study examining over 1700 student essays in which they found:
Many students simply summarized the reading passage rather than interact with the passage.
Essays that contained thesis statements were few and far between.
Most students did not have an introduction.
Analysis of two instructional approaches:
Making inferences and identifying supporting evidence
Evaluating evidence by teaching point of view
With a partner, share your description of the person who lost their wallet. When both of you have shared, discuss what factors influenced your description?
Avoid poor defenses of your POV statement. Stating, "The author is obviously bias because he is Italian," (Needs to be qualified).
Avoid casting aspirations on content. Example, "The author is wrong because he/she is ignorant." All documents have something to offer no matter what you think of the author.
What are the causes of the Green Revolution