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Transcript of Myanmar3
69% of Myanmar's people belong to the Burmese ethnic group called "Burman"
"Burmese" is the nation's official language
The currency is the "kyat" (1 can dollar = 877.25 kyat)
"Hello" - Minga-la-ba
"How are you?" - shin ne-kaùn-yéh-là? Land & Climate "Cyclone Nargis" History http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/extreme-weather-20081217 Difference between Myanmar and Canada Developing Country Developed Country Real GDP per capita - $1,027 4th World 1st World Adult Lit. Rate - 94% (male); 86% (female) Infant Mortality rate - 76 per 1, 000 births Life expectancy - 58 (male); 64 (female) Real GDP per capita - $ 39, 370 Adult Lit. Rate - 99% (male); 99% (female) Life Expectancy - 79 (male); 83 (female) Infant Mortality rate - 4.9 per 1, 000 births The End Hope you all enjoyed my presentation! http://www.mysanantonio.com/life/travel/article/Buddhist-festival-celebrates-a-new-freedom-3356758.php http://www.nytimes.com http://www.caritas.org http://www.cfob.org http://en.wikipedia.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Nargis http://asiasociety.org "chei-zu tin-bar-te" - "Thank you" Religion 89% of the population is ``Theravada Buddhist`` 5% of the population are Christians (predominantly Catholic, Baptist, Methodist and Angelican) 4% of the population are Muslims Buddhism is actively promoted by the government Buddhist institutions play major roles in their communities http://www.southpacifictravel.com.vn/travel_guide/Myanmar_travel_guide/1 Myanmar is roughly the size of Texas occupying 262, 000 square miles of Southeast Asia Myanmar's tropical monsoon climates has 3 season:
Cool (mid-October to mid- February)
Hot ( mid-February to May)
Wet (mid May to mid October) Hot season temperature exceed 35 C General Attitudes Most Myanmar believe in karma They often react to problems with a laid back approach characterized by saying shi-par-say-taw (let it be). Respect people who are generous, calm and friendly They hold the elderly, educated and spiritually accomplished in high esteem Attribute ah-nar-deh is described as a national characteristic. Personal Appearance Burmese men consist of:
an "eingyi ( short collared shirt)
"taikpon" (round-necked jacket)
"longyi" (ankle-length wraparound sarong)
a "gaung-baung (round cap of pink or yellow silk streched over a rush frame) Burmese women consist of:
blouse with a "longyi"
pawa (a long shawl worn over the shoulders)
often would wear white "thanaka" powder on their faces Gestures http://www.allthingsburmese.com sydneylanguagesolutions.com http://sydneylanguagesolutions.com.au/blogs/675/ http://www.allthingsburmese.com/Traditions_Costumes.htm Myanmar regards a person's head as sacred They avoid touching another's head or even passing an object over it Pointing with one's feet or putting their feet at the household Buddhist shrine is considered being disrespecful Men and women do not touch in public Visiting Hospitality is considered an important virtue that reflects well on the host Friends and neighbours drop by for a short visit without prior arrangement Customary for guest to compliment the home or children Visitors are not expected to bring gifts, but local produce is appreciated from visitors from countryside http://www.npr.org http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=130977202 Family Most family tend to live in extended family arrangements Rural parents may have as many as seven or eight children Urban couples who live in apartments tend to have only one or two Each family member contributes to the family's financial support and the maintenance of household The father is the main breadwinner and the mother is the one who runs the household http://www.johnlund.com Dating & Marriage Dating in the Western sense is uncommon in Myanmar Going to teashops, seeing movies, and singing karaoke are favourite activites A couple must receive approval form both sets of parents before marriage Life Cycle A celebratory feast is traditionally held to welcome and name a newborn child At death, the body of the deceased is wrapped in white cloth and laid out in the family home for neighbours and family to pay respects. Music and feasting celebrate the life of the deceased and comfort those left behind Guest bring money or gifts for the baby Recreation Most popular from of entertainment in rural Mynamar is the "pwe." Performances are common after the Buddhist Rains Retreat and is linked to local pagoda and or nat festival Villagers watch movies at local video parlors for everyday entertainment An increasing number of young Myanmar go to the beach http://www.silkroadgroup.com http://www.silkroadgroup.com/wedding_tour_myanmar http://www.allmyanmar.com http://www.allmyanmar.com/myanmarmore/myanmar-entertainment.htm http://www.myanmars.net/myanmar-arts/myanmar-puppets.htm Arts Music and dance play central roles in celebrations and festivals Myanmar's ten traditional plastic arts (pan-hsai-myo) includes painting, sculpture, metal work and wood carving Silk weaving and textiles are a popular handicrafts http://www.myanmars.net Transportation & Communication People travel by car, bus, taxi and pedicab in urban areas People use motorcycle, bicycles and horse or buffalo cart in rural Myanmar Roads, rail and inland waterways provide long distance transportation Internet is accessible at internet cafes in urban areas Telephone system is underdeveloped http://www.myanmars.net http://www.myanmars.net http://www.myanmars.net http://www.myanmars.net http://www.myanmars.net Education Education is free for children ages five to nine Real costs of education include uniforms, books, donations and payments to teachers Many children of poor families cannot afford to attend school Many children can receive free education at a monastery http://www.myanmars.net Health Hospitals lack trained manpower, equipment and drugs in rural areas No health insurance system exists, so payment is necessary for all treatment HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria are some major health problem http://www.myanmars.net Government Myanmar is ruled by the SPCD military regime Economy It's economy is reliant on agriculture, which employs more than 60% of the workforce Decades of underdevelopment promped the regime to move from a socialist to a market economony Burma was incorporated by England into what was known as "British India", following the wars that took place there between 1824 and 1886. Myanamar was primarily under Japanese occupation during the World War II A fair share of political instability in the years between World War II and its current state became one of the most repressive military dictatorships in the world.
The name of the country was officially changed to the "Union of Myanmar" in 1989.
Burma Before starting my presentation, i will quickly teach you the greetings in myanmar hold hands together then slightly bow and say `ming la ba Monks - do same thing but bow lower Respect is paid to images of Buddha in the same way Theravada is the "Doctrine of the Elders," and its a school of Buddhism that draws its scriptural inspiration from the Tipitaka, or Pali canon, which scholars generally agree contains the earliest surviving record of the Buddha's teachings. Housing Rural Families live in traditional wood or bamboo houses and its built on stilts to keep them above monsoon flods http://www.myanmar2day.com http://www.myanmar2day.com/myanmar-culture-custom/2009/01/a-visit-to-myanmar-house-dos-and-donts/ http://onestep4ward.com http://onestep4ward.com/accommodation-bagan-myanmar-burma/ Myanmar is Situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and north-east by China
On the east and south-east by Laos and Thailand
On the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the west by Bangladesh and India. http://wwwnc.cdc.gov http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/burma.htm SPDC or "The State Peace and development is caretaker government which took over on the year 1998. Its original name was "State Law and Order Restoration Council or SLORC but was changed to SPDC due to the indication of the military progress in moving toward transforming to a democracy Meaning of The Flag The Blue represents peace and endurance.
The red symbolizes courage and gallantry,
and the white stands for purity and honor.
Together, the cogwheel and ears of rice represent the country's industry and agriculture
The 14 stars above the 14 cogs represent the 14 states that form the Union of Myanmar. Which means "having consideration for others" and it describes the reluctance to bring about a loss face or inconvenience Citation "Culture Grams." Lecture. 27 Sept. 2012. Culture Grams 2008. Web. 27 Sept. 2012. "A Brief History of Myanmar (Burma)." A Brief History of Myanmar (Burma). N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2012. "National Flag of Myanmar." Myanmar Flag. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2012.