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Visnu Snaggletooth

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Fauvism
What Are the Key Characteristics of Fauvism?
Introduction
Content Page
Conclusion
Fauvism is a type of art made by other forms of art such as post impressionism and expressionism mixed. Therefore fauvism is never a easy thing to do. It started because Gauguin and van Gogh began using strong 'unnatural' colors and stressing the surface instead of perspective depth in paintings. This was a reaction against older. academic painting which obeyed a set of rules. Fauvism took this development one step further. I like the unusual and vibrant colors used in the painting but i dislike the thick and uneven brush strokes in the paintings.
Visnu, Sudharsaan
Group 02
Timeline
Xin E, Yoke Leng
-It was started in 1905 by Henri Matisse and André Derain.

-A movement that is known for it's blocks, daubs, and squiggles of unnatural colour and unique brushstrokes.

-The artists of this movement were called "Fauves", or "Les Fauves", which meant "Wild Beasts"

-Consisted of a group of artists who had a "similar approach to nature, but they had no definitive program."

-Most of the Fauve artists, Fauvism was considered to be a "transitional, learning stage".

-By 1908, all of the fauves had continued exploring other movements and left Matisse to continue on alone.
Introduction.....................................................................1
Timeline.............................................................................2
Characteristics.................................................................3
List of Prominent Artists................................................4
Selected Artists Profiles.................................................5
Selected artist's artworks..............................................6
Conclusion of Fauvism...................................................7

-Color
Raw, pure color was not secondary to the composition, it defined the composition. For example, if the artist painted a red sky, the rest of the landscape had to follow suit.
-Simplified Forms
Fauves eschewed normal painting techniques to delineate shapes, simple forms were a necessity.
-Expressiveness
Fauvism is a type of Expressionism. Expressionism, that pouring forth of the artist's emotions through heightened color and popping forms, is another word for "passion" at its most basic meaning.
-Ordinary Subject Matter
Fauves tended to paint landscapes or scenes of everyday life within landscapes. There is an easy explanation for this: landscapes are not fussy, they beg for large areas of color.
Henri Matisse

Born
31 December 1869
Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord

Died
3 November 1954 (aged 84)
Nice, Alpes-Maritimes

Nationality
French

Field
Painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage

Andre Derain

Born: June 10, 1880, Chatou, France

Died: September 8, 1954, Garches, France

Period: Fauvism

Education: Académie Julian

Artwork: Charing Cross Bridge, The Turning Road, L´Estaque
Maurice de Vlaminck
Born: April 4, 1876, Paris, France

Died: October 11, 1958, Rueil-la-Gadelière, France

Period: Fauvism

Artwork: The River Seine at Chatou, Autumn Landscape,
Albert Marquet
Born: 27 March 1875 Bordeaux, Gironde

Died: 14 June 1947 (aged 72)
La Frette-sur-Seine, Val-d'Oise

Education: Ecole des Arts Decoratifs, École des Beaux-Arts, Gustave Moreau

Artwork: Boquet of Flowers,Fruit<Knife and Napkin, More

Periods: Fauvism
Well known artists of Fauvism
Henri Matisse Andre Derain


Maurice de Vlaminck Georges Braque


Raoul Dufy Albert Marquet
Henri Matisse's Artwork
Andre Derain
Charing Cross Bridge

Completion Date: 1906

Style: Fauvism, Pointillism

Dimension:500x403

Technique: oil

Material: canvas

Maurice de Vlaminck
THE RIVER SEINE AT CHATOU

Completion Date: 1906

Style: Fauvism

Genre: landscape

Dimension:500x405px
Albert Marquet
BOUQUET OF FLOWERS

Dates: circa 1898

Dimensions: Height: 40 cm (15.75 in.), Width: 32 cm (12.6 in.)

Medium: Painting - oil on canvas

GREEN STRIPE

Artist: Henri Matisse

Location: Statens Museum for Kunst

Created: 1905

Dimensions: 40 cm x 32 cm

Period: Fauvism

Media: Tempera, Oil paint
Woman With A Hat

Artist: Henri Matisse

Location: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

Created: 1905

Dimensions: 31 cm x 24 cm

Media: Oil paint

Period: Fauvism
THE TURNING ROAD, L'ESTAQUE

Location of Origin: France

Medium: Oil on canvas

Original Size: 4 ft 2 1/2 in x 6 ft 4 1/2 in

Style: Fauves (Fauvism)

Autumn Landscape

Date:c. 1905

Medium:Oil on canvas

Dimensions:18 1/4 x 21 3/4" (46.2 x 55.2 cm)
FRUIT , KNIFE AND NAPKIN

Dates: circa 1898-1899

Dimensions: Height: 33.3 cm (13.11
in.), Width: 45.72 cm (18 in.)

Medium: Painting - oil on canvas

Description(Feldman's Approach)
Description(Feldman's Approach)
Description(Feldman's Approach)
Description(Feldman's Approach)
Description(Feldman's Approach)
Description(Feldman's Approach)
Description(Feldman's Approach)
Description(Feldman's Approach)
In this painting, i can see an portrait of a woman portrayed by an array of unusual colors. Her oval face is bisected with a slash of green. On one side of her face it is greenish-yellow while the other it is peach. Her hair is a dark shade purple. She has a red dress on with a cyan neckline. The background of the image is in red, pink and cyan. This was a portrait of Matisse's wife. He divided the face chromatically with a light and dark side, a cool and warm side. The brush strokes are also thick and are highly visible.
This is also another portrait of Matisse's wife, Amélie, depicted in an elaborate outfit with a gloved arm holding a fan and an elaborate hat perched atop her head. Matisse roughly applied brilliant and vibrant color across her face, hat, dress, and even the background. The brush strokes are also rough and unfinished. This shocked his contemporaries when he sent the picture to the 1905 Salon d'Automne.
Henri Matisse
-He trained as a lawyer, but decided to become a painter.

-Matisse’s style evolved and he began to use strong colours and lose some of the realistic qualities of Impressionism. He became part of the Fauves (wild beasts), and exhibited his work alongside Georges Braque, Raoul Dufy and Gustave Moreau.

-In 1906, Matisse met Pablo Picasso and they became good friends.
Andre Derain
-He developed his early style in association with his friends Maurice de Vlaminck and Henri Matisse; the three were the principal exponents of Fauvism. By the 1920s, however, Derain had turned to the Neoclassical style and produced book illustrations and set designs, notably for Sergey Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.
Maurice de Vlaminck
-Vlaminck was noted for his brash temperament and broad interests; he was at various times a musician, actor, racing cyclist, and novelist.

-He rejected the intellectual approach of cubism, but became associated with fauvism, applying exuberant colors to the canvas directly from the paint tube.

-After visiting a van Gogh exhibit, he declared that he "loved van Gogh that day more than my own father".
Albert Marquet
-He initially became one of the Fauve painters and a lifelong friend of Henri Matisse. Marquet subsequently painted in a more naturalistic style, primarily landscapes, but also several portraits.

-From 1907 to his death, Marquet alternated between working in his studio in Paris and many parts of the European coast and in North Africa. He was most involved with Algeria and Algiers and with Tunisia. In his voyages he painted the sea and ships, but also the lights and animated life of the city, especially cities on the waterfront, like Algiers.

-Marquet was particularly revered by the American painters Leland Bell and his wife Louisa Matthiasdottir.
Bibliography/References
The painting depicts a scene from the south shores of the river Thames, as the artist observed it while standing on a wharf near the Lion’s Brewery, which is the blue building on the far left. The rippling water effect was achieved by using short, choppy brush strokes. The distant buildings and landscape were painted employing smooth, soft lines in order to create a contrast with the close, sharp contours in the foreground. The bridge shows the train driving through it.
This monumental landscape represents the French village of L’Estaque, where Paul Cézanne had painted earlier. It is a fantasy in color, a place where reality is overrun by the decorative impulse. The Turning Road, L’Estaque serves as a milestone in the brief, yet crucial art-historical movement of Fauvism, which explored the central tenet of Modernist painting: that the strength of a picture has more to do with colors and the kinds of marks made on the surface of the canvas than with serving as a window on the world.
The river in the center covers almost one-third of the frame. On the right side, orange-red trees are portrayed on the barely visible yellow patch of Île de Chatou. In the front, there is a small yellow mast boat, alongside the visible tip of a red, perhaps, a bigger boat. The red-roofed huts are visible towards the interior of the painting, farther away from the viewer. Their view is partially covered by a dark blue and a red boat of medium size. The sky is set in the dramatic 'Fauvist' paints of blue, white, pink, and gray




Impressionistic style plus Fauvist colorings seem trees appropriate for the equinox seasons. The bold contrasts in color suggest the ends of the season spectrum, and the indistinct lines leave you awash in the sense of transition between the two.
The picture depicts a scene where there is a vase containing a bouquet of flowers of different colors of flowers such as red, pink, yellow and white. These colors are shown as being light so that those colors will be able to be differentiated from the background which is quite of a darker color of yellow and the foreground being white.
This picture depicts a scene of some fruits, a napkin and a knife placed on the floor. It can be seen that the background and foreground has a more darker and dull color compared with the white colored napkin, vibrant and bright colored fruits and the silver colored knife.
-http://www.moma.org/collection/artist.php?artist_id=1500

-https://www.google.com.sg/url?sa=f&rct=j&url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Marquet&q=&esrc=s&ei=yYcEUpjYNMbnrAfj8IHYAQ&usg=AFQjCNHDbjafbC5gFIVHpEAUidcz2GoojQ

-http://arthistory.about.com/od/namesvv/p/vlaminck.htm
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