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English 1101 A3: Observing Ourselves Observing
Julie Hawkon 13 December 2012
Transcript of English 1101 A3: Observing Ourselves Observing
- The Instructor, Animatrix [Andrew Choe] Ashley Touchton Second Order Observation James Alcock Second Order Observations Sagar Soni Garrett Bradley Marie Athaide now, it's time for secondary observing The effects of second order observation are just as important. For instance, during a presidential election, candidates present their issues, and people vote based on who they think is the best choice. But what if their choices are based of appeals to pathos? Does that make it the wrong choice? If the voter were to look both candidates stances on the issues, look at how they are interpreting the information given to them, and clear themselves of biases by doing so, they would have a clear picture of who the better candidate is. They could then make the right decision based on facts rather than feelings. The observation of observing others provides an interesting look into the natural tendencies of the mind. Often, people become conscious that they are observing themselves and become embarrassed, not wanting to delve into their behaviors and thoughts or the reasons for them. We are enacting this second-order observation by analyzing our individual analysis of the class and the theme of the class. Observing Ourselves Observing Connection to WOVEN What does "post-" mean? Mathias Quatorze Denali Villanueva Through discussion ,the uncertainty of one individual's viewpoints can spark the interest of another individual to question the same meaning in a different way. We join with our own uncertainty or defend our viewpoints, but nonetheless we see others contribute and want to share our own ideas. In a similar way, the blog runs based off one individuals' opinions followed by the comparison or contrast of another individual's comments. These ideas can be contradictions, agreements, distinct viewpoints but nonetheless they are contributions. Contributions that allow the growth of questioning and further analysis. Second order observation allows the observer to see the actual FACTS, not just the appeals to pathos. It is a means of removing one-sidedness, because it calls for an interpretation of how something is being observed, and a justification of how and why a point is being made. Allie Haydon DON'T let preconceptions sway you! Do be open to new ideas, thoughts, ways of thinking and observing, and questions! Question, question your questions, question the argument's qustions, and question the results of your questions. What Does Mean? Post- is a prefix left almost entirely up to interpretation. It means after, but after what is not specified until a suffix is added. Second-Order Observation Solution: second order observation
When we allow ourselves to be swayed by our preconceptions we are not able to see what others with different vies might be able to see. Don't get stuck on one idea and make yourself incapable of finding a different perspective Observe yourself observing!
Being persuasive is one thing, being stubborn is another. When you are not open to seeing things from a different point of view, you lose the ability to see the big picture, and you lose your credibility (ethos). Question... obviously.
Questioning is a good thing, the WOVENtext tells us that all writing is an argument. The more questions you raise about your writing, the more thorough it can be. If you question what you are writing as much as those who oppose it will, then you will write a paper that not only proves your point, but also makes it nearly impossible for it to be proven wrong. Post Post- signifies the change from before to after something. Related to our discussions of postmodernism in class, it means after the change in societal thinking. Postmodern is after modern, but it is also the idea that society will eventually destroy itself by using technology for the wrong reasons. In the postmodern world, it is the thinking that the question "should we..." is never asked or thought of. No matter what the consequences are. “Just as the wave cannot exist for itself, but is ever a part of the heaving surface of the ocean, so must I never live my life for itself, but always in the experience which is going on around me.”
―- Albert Schweitzer (source: BainyQuote.com) How true is it? To raise a question or concern, observation is initially necessary. Without it, nothing would exist to question or comment upon. Language being as powerful as it is has a large role in shaping observations. The same words put differently could mean a lot more to a person. The manner in which readings in class are written cause the audience to raise their own opinions based on the ideas they initially shared from their observations. WOVEN helps bring a lot of the strategies necessary to to make our communication process all the more successful. Thomas What is the meaning of the prefix "post"? Education and academics. From the modernist perspective, truth was largely relative, but the possibility of universals in knowledge remained conceivable. In the postmodern model, we don’t really “know” anything; rather, we “interpret.” Postmodernist education says “Pick a worldview,” as if only a choice of clothing style were at issue, “and create your interpretations accordingly,” since truths are only language constructions put in place by those who have influence and power. The emphasis on multi-cultural education is grounded philosophically in this perspective. After all, says the postmodernist educator, the emphasis in Western education on rationality and the quest for what is ultimately true is only another manifestation of Western “cultural imperialism” motivated by consumer capitalist power. A lot of the characteristics of Postmodernism can be seen in the recent movie staring Leonardo Dicaprio and Ellen Page Inception, directed by Christopher Nolan. Postmodernist tend to rely on opinions rather than facts and scientific ideas. This is obvious with this movie as it is about being able to access the dreams of different people to steal or implant ideas. The entire movie is about being able to put an idea into the mind of a powerful man. Most people don't believe that it is possible, but Cobb believes it to be possible even though scientifically it shouldn't be. Another concept of Postmodernism is that morality is personal and defined differently from person to person. Technically, all of the members of Cobb's team are criminals as they are stealing but to them, it isn't really anything bad. Their concept of morality is much different than those that would say that it is unethical to access the mind of another human being through their dreams. In Postmodernism, it is said that reality is created by those in power which could be very true for this story. It is never really said if everyone in the world was aware of the technology that they used, but if they weren't, then the government could have been creating reality. Ethically, maybe everyone should have access to the technology they use for different purposes, but the government could have regulated that so it was only criminals that were actually using it. The characters of the story are actually avoiding falling into a false reality, but eventually no one can really tell if they have gotten stuck in a false reality or not. http://alex-pphs-blog.blogspot.com/2011/05/journal-44-postmodernism-in-inception.html [Second Order Observation] Woven Text The essays included in Woven text are universal and they have an overall theme which is concentrated upon the individual as well as the societies around the world. The way Woven, but more Dr. Hawk, has brought up the prefix "post" in our class is by using the essays as a guide for our discussions of the modern society and why it is at the international level. The "post-modernity" of Woven text is that it is used in a way that is unexplainable. It is built for the society of Georgia Tech, but it needs to be understandable by the many different students present at Tech. The way that Woven is postmodern is that it is just as easy for an international student (who has a completely different perceptive on society) as a local student. Postmodernism is like... Postmodernism has its roots set in existentialism. The theory of existentialism is similar to postmodernism in that both focus on individual instead of the whole world as a whole. In both theories one true reality doesn't exist for the world. Each person has his/her own reality. Both also regard science to be the answer to most of the questions that humans have. However, postmodernists believe that history and reform is what humans need to learn from, not search for the origin of life. (Luhmann) A postmodern take on the famous painting by Salvador Dali. Looking in the Mirror Coming to Ga Tech was has given me many international friends who bring with them a different culture. I see myself observing various different social standards observed in different areas of the world, and I am finally starting to understand the influence of international trade upon the many various nationalities present at Tech. I find them influencing my own interaction patterns. Tech is truly a postmodern mini-world. It has the many different societies. Since I am a freshman, I have to somehow weave myself into this postmodern society. I have to be willing to experience new things while still holding on to my roots. That is what I believe that postmodernity is. Postmodernity is the fact that one is not searching for something that he/she was already good at, one searches for new adventures. I want to be able to explore the most beneficial opportunity that Tech has to offer, to me, by relying on my past experiences and adventures. The class discussion and my participation in them have gotten me to think about my own reality and my own beliefs. I see myself thinking on a more international level when participating in class discussions. The definition of the prefix post- is defined as something coming after. While, this prefix in general carries the same denotation for most words, the way the meaning of the word actually changes with this addition depends on the word. Appiah describes some of this difference in meaning in his essay “Is the Post- in Postmodernism the Post-in Postcolonial?” While it was decided that both posts are the same, the words themselves hold very different meanings. Postmodernism is where ideas are rejected and then re-invented while post-colonialism is where things are phased out and then back in without being changed. Yet another example of this difference is posthumanism. Posthumanism does not just mean after the human race. It is a phrase describing the desire to move past the limitations of humans and technology to something greater. Through first and second order observation of the prefix post-, it is possible to delve deeper into the concept of postmodernism which is the focus of the class. -Post?
WOVEN We create the world around us by observing different aspects and reacting to them. As we observe and react, we are in constant contact with other people who are having the same and different interactions. This creates a constant feedback loop of observation that shapes who we are and how we see the world around us. By recognizing this constant observation through second order observation, we can obtain more information and a broader picture. http://hevra.haifa.ac.il/~iais/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=186:second-order-observation-an-analytical-framework-by-moran-mandelbaum-&catid=65:---q&Itemid=16&lang=en A skeptical attitude towards all claims of absolute truths... This follows with the idea of second order observation. People form these absolute truths and others observe them and form their own thoughts. What is postmodernism? TED Talk on Blogs What is a Blog? A blog is some sort of website that one uses to post opinions or just random things about themselves or other topics for other people to view.
The whole means of a blog is to facilitate thinking and to help people voice out their opinion without worrying about other people knowing who they are or without stage freight.
Many times people do not wish to voice their opinion because they fear that someone else might judge them for what they think. However, with the addition of the blog, one has the choice to either hide their identity or to publicize themselves, allowing people to connect their ideas to their identity.
Many times people do not hide their identity because they use the "blog" as a way for other people to read their story or their ideas, so people can connect those things to the writer. Blogging relates to second-order observation Blogging is not only about voicing one's opinion but also about observing other people's opinions. When one blogs, they are basically allowing other people to comment on their opinion and to criticize what they say. By looking at other people's opinions, one is able to learn new information and use that to their benefit to form new opinions or ideas. With the addition of blogging in our society, we have created an easier medium for people to defend their views and to share their ideas with the world. Blogging now exists in many forms, such as Tumblr, Twitter, Reddit and etc. Now, one can even observe other peoples' daily lives if they choose to reveal it. Class Blog The class blog has allowed us as students to voice out our opinions and ideas to the rest of the class in order for it to be criticized and valued. By hiding our opinions to ourselves, we get no where with our thoughts and are confined to one point of view. By blogging ,I feel that as a class we are collaborating as a group and observing each other's ideas and observations.
For instance, the post on the "Great Wall of China" that I had written on received several comments and it was great to look at other people's point of views and really understand what they see from the video that I linked. Not only am I sharing my thoughts, but I am also furthering my understanding on certain topics. With the blog, our class grows knowledgeable with every post and by observing both the classes as a whole, we are exposed to more ideas and thoughts. This kind of second-observation is both on going and very interactive, forcing everyone to participate in a positive way. Appiah McClane From the beginning of this class, the notion
that the prefix post- simply referred to something
after something was completely eliminated. To search for a deeper, more accurate meaning of “post-” we began with a piece by Luhmann, discussing why society describes itself as post-modern. Using second-order observation Luhmann offers a plethora of possible explanations for why society describes itself as post-modern but never explicitly answers the question. He writes about how we have strayed from our origin and society is characterized by reform, but more than anything else he leaves the reader to analyze the question on their own by supplying them with open-ended questions such as “how could we describe society when the description has to admit (or to prove the contrary) that the system cannot, in spite of tight causal couplings, adapt to its environment?” Luhmann is considered the inventor of, or if not the inventor the one who has brought second-order observation further than anyone else in the essay by Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht http://www.design-in human.de/lectures/gumbrecht.html. In addition, to making the readings more understandable, the class blog serves to broaden the perspective of the class’s idea of things such as second order observation. These include links, such as the one about eye tracking, that offer examples beyond the simple definitions that are discussed in class. The class discussions on the blogs provide insight into the connections that the minds of those around us are making towards the theme of the class and this allows one to naturally reconsider his or her opinion. It is human nature to automatically observe something and make a judgment. However, it can be more difficult to observe why or how you came to that observation. The different forms of communication provide an environment to constantly observe the behaviors and ideas of the people around us and shape the way that we think about something. WOVEN text has expanded my understanding of analysis by exemplifying the importance of effective communication. WOVEN Communication Blog Class Discussions Lee Thompson It all connects... Class Discussions Second Order Observation What is its significance to English? ....."Post-"? Luhmann Luhhman and Appiah The Connection WOVEN Through several class discussions about postmodernism, it is easy to wonder why society is so concerned with placing titles on different eras throughout time. In observing ourselves observing these different themes and readings, it has made it easier to make connections such as the necessity of society to be open to new ideas and perspectives. POST- SECOND ORDER OBSERATION Second-Order Observation Stereotype "A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing." -Oxford Dictionaries The discussions held in class enabled us to enact second-order observation. We were able to observe what our train of thought was in comparison to other classmates and how we might have been able to contribute to the topic being discussed. These discussions also forced us to be postmodernists by questioning the modern conventions being presented in our readings and opposing the traditional authority of having a right or wrong answer. Through our discussions, we have been able to discuss how branching out into new mediums and modes of communication has forever changed our society and forced us into a post modernistic world. WovenText introduced the modes and mediums of communication discussed in class. The text describes ways students can improve on their reading and writing skills. However, to understand how to improve, the student must first be able to see what needs improvement. This comes from utilizing second-order observation. Through this method of observation, students are able to “comprehend more extended realms of selectivity and identity” (Heyward), helping them understand and take away key aspects of a piece of work. In doing so, they are able to make connections between their lives and the main idea of any work, no matter the medium in which it was presented. WovenText challenges the conventional way of operating, using technology, videos and images to get the main objective across in a clear, concise fashion, thus making this eBook a postmodern text. Through the interactive text boxes, students are able to observe that the truth is relative to the context and to the individual when it comes to analyzing a text. While there are always perimeters as to what is right and what is wrong, there is no definite answer in most cases. This characteristic also proves to show that WovenText is a postmodern piece of work. Kwame Anthony Appiah’s essay, “Is the Post- in Postmodernism the Post- in Postcolonial,” questions the very definition of postmodernism and what a postmodernist does. Appiah uses the many different views of an art curator to bring his point across that there is no right or wrong answer in a post modernistic world. Instead, he is only able to answer his question on his own perception and his own beliefs, making the truth relative. His perceptions that lead to his conclusion were brought forth through second-order observation. Niklas Luhmann defined the parameters of a post modernistic society. Through his essay, “Why Does Society Describe Itself as Postmodern?” he is able to define some characteristics of what a postmodern society looks like. He describes these societies as nonlinear, fragmented, and having an increased level of “meta-“. This increased level of “meta-“, or self-awareness, means the society utilizes second-order observation to come to conclusions. However, he goes about saying that there are different systems in the world that share characteristics of one postmodern society, but not another. With that being said, while he is able to define some parameters of what a postmodern society is, he is unable to truly set markers, as every society uses their own beliefs and perceptions to define their own society. The essay evokes the reader to utilize second-order observation in defining his or her own society, be it just in the classroom, university, or the whole world. The Twitter Experiment shown in the video is a prime example of how second-order observation is becoming more and more closely linked to postmodern societies. The teacher is challenging the traditional form teaching by bringing in a new mode of communication. As she posts the Twitter news feed on the screen, students are able to enact second-order observation to see how they are able to communicate their thoughts and beliefs, how it differs from each student, and come up with ways on how they might be able to participate in class more. Heyward, Julie. "Unreal Nature." Unreal Nature. Wordpress, 22 Dec. 2011. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://unrealnature.wordpress.com/2011/12/22/the-second-order-observer/>. Picture source: WovenText Image source: Mrs. Fairly website (http://mrsfairley.com/2012/02/one-month-to-go/speech-bubble-2/ ) Video source: Youtube Image source: PrincetonUniversity.edu Image source: Thoughplant.blogspot.edu Amanda Klinker "For the self-observer things may appear natural and necessary, whereas when seen from the outside they may appear artificial and contingent." -Niklas Luhmann The Paradoxy of Observing Systems Second order observation can be easily compared to the use of the prefix “post-”. The primary use of “post-” in the past has served to mark a distinction between what used to be and what is. This can be applied directly to second order observation. The key to second order observation is making distinctions.
The post in post-modernism is an example that everyone can relate to. This article does a great job in explaining the era and giving a purpose to its use of "post-"(credit given to pbs). frome the picture above we can see how different we can be from a different perspective. When I think of second order observation, mirrors and internal reflection comes to mind. The mirror fun houses at fairs allow one to observe themselves many times over.
(http://flickrhivemind.net/Tags/mirrormaze) Mena and Blogs Mena points out that blogs can be used in various ways such as informing the public about events, discussing news, discussing certain topics or even sharing personal stories.
In addition to sharing information, Mena states that blogs allow us to keep records of anything that happens in our lives and thats something that we truly treasure
She also claims that blogging is an evolution. An evolution towards a greater form of communication and a strong way for people to interact with each other. http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/blogs Now go blog! WHAT MAKES US "POST"? "The distinguishing (again: distinguishing!) characteristic of a sociological contribution to a self-description of society seems to be that it cannot neglect the operational and the structural level of society reproduction." Luhmann p178. Identity "For Habermas the answer seems to be clear- and simple: to distinguish itself from itself." Luhmann p175 The feeling of being different or not being part of the modern world, brought to the creation of an alternative which is post-modernity Systems "the system can make distinctions and thereby frame its own (but only its own!) observations." Luhmann p184 Environment "Nevertheless, the system can use its own operations to distinguish itself from its environment." Luhmann p172 Second order observation Second Order Blogging WOVENText "Translation involves adapting information for a new audience." In today's post-modern world, everything is interconnected as a result of the development of technology. Technology has allowed the world to communicate in a way that was not possible in previous eras allowing cultures to share ideas in a timely manner. As a result, one now has to learn how to communicate with other cultures. Included in this, is knowing your audience. This means observing one another and coming to conclusions. Second-Order Observations-Stereotyping We were always told never to stereotype, but in a world where it is important to be educated on the culture in which you are communicating, you need to stereotype in order to form a persuasive argument. Post- There is no true definition for post- and postmodernism, just like there are no true definitions for any one person. However, in today's world you must make assumptions in order to communicate and create a powerful argument. Tim Farley Post-modernism: A form of Second-Order Observation Observe- to see, watch, perceive, or notice.
Second-order + Noun- An action within itself (Example: Second-order discovery- to discover a discovery.)
Second-order observation- to observe yourself observing. We lie down on grass, watching stars shining in sky. That sounds amazing but it can be more amazing if you were actua.
Maybe you have already heard of this, all stars visible are suns of other galaxies. Their light travels hundreds of light-years to hit in our eyes so the light was actually emitted hundreds of years ago. If the light is emitted from some star ever farer away, millions of light-year away, things would be funny. Light emitted or reflected from earth also needs millions of years to reach there. As a result, if you were standing on that star and looked at earth, what you see might be the cretaceous. This is where observing from another position interests most. In this situation, if we can make a secondary self-observation, we can not only see wherever we want but also whenever we want. Jackie Krevolin This class changed the way I see the world because it made you see my world in another perspective, as the actor in "Due Date" as discussed in the blog. Seeing ourselves in our present community, society, or system differentiate us from others in history. Second order observation lets us see the difference between us and others so this is a way to find out a difference between modern and post-modern. Our surroundings influence how we see the world and how we consider ourselves, so this is crucial when identifying ourselves to our society or system. The class blog provides a prime opportunity for second order observation. Through our readings and discussions in class we have all made our own, individual first order observations through our own experiences. The blog allows us to employ second order observation by understanding what our classmates perceived. The blog also shows the complex systems theory of our observations. As we better understand each other’s observations, we can better grasp the themes of the class and make new assumptions. For example, as we blog about the prefix post-, we can better understand the meaning it gives to words, and then make further analyses of other words with this prefix. This is a never-ending system that continues to grow based on the groups’ first and second order observations. Although discussing consciousness, this video effectively explains second-order observation as well. Just like these levels of consciousness, observation can also be infinite. You observe yourself observing in order to see if your observations are effective, and you can even delve a level deeper to question if your second-order observation is effective or necessary. According to dictionary.reference.com, to be conscious is to be aware of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts,surroundings, etc. Consciousness relates closely to observation in the fact that being consciously aware is the best way to observe and make effective distinctions. Making these distinctions is the only way to formulate new ideas that take place of old ones. An everyday example of second-order observation is in class. While observing the teacher’s lecture, I periodically observe my observations in class to see if they are as effective as they could be. Am I falling asleep or thinking about other things during the lecture? If the answer is yes, my second-order observing helped me make the distinction between my current effectiveness in lecture and the optimum effectiveness and correct it. In class we have had many discussions. Most of them focus on topics that are difficult to process and understand, and even more difficult to apply. The most difficult topic we have discussed, and possibly the most important, is the idea of second-order observation. Second-order observation is, in effect, observing the way in which something is observed. It removes biases due to preconceptions, emotions, and ignorance by broadening the scope, or "zooming out". When observation of observation occurs, the observer is able to see his prejudices, question them, and answer those questions. Then he can more accurately argue his point and increase his ethos. It is through this process that we can analyze the other topics we have discussed in class. Application: Have you ever seen this illusion? Your mind only sees one of the two faces initially. You may search for the other face and become frustrated that you can’t find it. Once you do discover the other face and make that distinction, however, your perceptions change and you can always find the two faces in the future when you look at the illusion. This is a prime example of observation of any order. You observe ideas as one way, but once you make a new distinction, your perceptions change and you form a new view of what you are observing. This video shows how we can make our world what we want it to be, and how what we do can change our way of seeing. Post-Modernism in Modern Theater One can observe many more mediums of communications than just the implied visual. This class has revealed this to me. One must also observe written, oral, electric, and nonverbal mediums. When observing our class theme, it is essential to consider all of these options. Observing ourselves using various mediums gives a better perspective, also. Post-Modernism http://msc.gutenberg.edu/2001/02/postmodernism/ A true example of second-order observation, post-modernistic views suggest that nothing is set and stone and always under scrutiny. Thus, using second-order observation, we observe our past observations of the world and its contents to create new distinctions that eventually also will be changed upon even further observation. We know that postmodernism is a change in perception of society. There is not much of a physical difference between modern society and postmodern society, other than the obvious difference in technology, but there is a difference in the way society thinks. One thing that postmodern society’s thought process is based on is the idea that we will eventually destroy ourselves through technological advances, e.g. the atom bomb, nuclear war, stem cell research, etc. “How do I create it?” and, “how will it be used?” are the questions that are asked on the smallest level of invention in our society. Postmodernism’s proposal is that we don’t step back far enough to ask, “should we create it?” and, “should it be used?” Postmodernism requires second-order observation to occur. It demands that broader perspectives and consequences for the entire system be thought about before any action is done. The Meaning of Post- The Meaning of Post- It makes us change the way we are or the way we act, such as expressed by WOVEN says that our communication changes depending in our audience or environment Luhmann said that we are all a part of a system, there is no differentiation between systems other than the fact that each system contains similarities. These similarities repeat themselves within the system. Thus, the only difference is that each system has its own repeating characteristics. and how we got there Most post-words, but especially post-modernism, are examples of second-order observation. A “post-“ prefix implies that there was something before it. In Post-modernism’s case, it is the idea stemming from modernism, the idea that there are absolute truths. Post-modernism is a new realization observed out of modernism that truth is relative to different people and aspects of life. There is not a solid, governing truth for most things. Under a post-modernistic mindset, however, not even post-modernism itself can be considered truth to all. Everything is open to interpretation and conflicting ideas. Post-modernism hints that it may not be relevant in the future and better ideas could come forth to replace it. These continuous observations of observations and distinctions that overlap past ideas are examples of second-order observation at its finest. To Wrap It Up... The process of "post-"ing How we got there All things “post-“ are used to differentiate ‘now’ from ‘then’ but what is actually being differentiated depends on what word the prefix is attached to “post-“ can be visualized as a system which constantly redefines itself We enhance the analytical skills necessary to decipher dense texts and the meaning of “post-“ through strategies covered in WOVEN text The same idea can be applied to postmodernism. It signifies that there is a difference or change. The only difference, however, is the fact that all of society has changed its way of thinking. We recognize numerous events that lead to the acceptance of “post-“ We note that the events do not occur simultaneously, rather over a period of time We revisit ideas and comments in the blog and in class We make analogies to real-world technologies to reinforce our understanding Woven connects second-order observation to good writing techniques and methods. If a writer can step back and look at the different ways that people can interpret his writing, he will be able to argue his point more thouroughly, and therefore more effectively. The figure above is a diagram demonstrating the constant feedback loop that results from second order observation We expand upon ideas by asking questions (this is very apparent in the blog) We use a multitude of modes and media to convey our thoughts (W.O.V.E.N.) [Observing Me Observing Me] Posts- this video shows how emotions can be shared like images, texts and files. this emotions gathering and sharing provide us with a new way of secondary observation. In the class analysis of Luhmann's “Why Does Society Describe Itself as Postmodern?”, we learned that the “post-” in postmodernism serves to differentiate between the past modern era. Now that this era is over, humans in general believe that humans will only destroy themselves with technological advances. Appiah reinforced this idea. The post- in every separate era is different in its usage but similar in the fact that it serves to differentiate one era from another. Therefore, I will dare to use the word Post-Observation to describe and define second order observation. To reinforce this idea, I will use systems theory. If we consider first order observation the environment for second order observation, then there must be some sort of difference between the two. This ”post-” helps one differentiate the two. To analyze the theme of the class, I look for distinctions between the first order and second order observation. There are differences in the medium of communication. Through these distinctions, one can see the emphasis on teaching communication through various mediums. Through second order observation of the class, all of the subcategories are connected. Luhhman in thought. Appiah in pose. Postcolonialism Postmodernism daily life I myself computer science Georgia Tech united states dream!:
artificial intelligence First Order second order oberservation ? contribute
to world second order observation by Is that possible that one day :
we find we are in "real" real world? postmodernism Baudrillard and The Matrix Trilogy In the near future, a computer hacker named Neo (Keanu Reeves) discovers that all life on Earth may be nothing more than an elaborate facade created by a malevolent cyber-intelligence, for the purpose of placating us while our life essence is ‘farmed’ to fuel the Matrix’s campaign of domination in the ‘real’ world. He joins like-minded Rebel warriors Morpheus (Laurence Fishburne) and Trinity (Carrie Ann Moss) in their struggle to overthrow the Matrix. The system, the artificial world, interpellates each individual within it so completely that their perceived subjectivity is a complete fiction, a simulacrum, while their "real" subjectivity is completely unknown to them. http://postmoderndays.blogspot.com/2005/04/baudrillard-and-matrix-trilogy.html http://andreas.oszkiel.com/blog/ what we believe we are living in I am living in modern society what alien see: TOO NAIVE! ENG1101:
learning postmordenism with your guys STILL MYSELF Gain better understanding what society and ideology we are in everyone has a different path pursue dream oberserving the world What is "postmodernism? Here is a propositional account of postmodernism.
There is no such thing as transcendent truth. What we call "true" is simply what we agree with. So-called truths or facts are merely negotiated beliefs, the products of social construction and fabrication, not ‘objective’ or ‘external’ features of the world. ??? Myself second order observation through postmodernism:
From long time,I have gradually come to the believe that there are seldom anything that are absolutely true. Most things have comparative, the reason that we "can" distinguish one things is
true or false is just we are based in different situation, therefore the false aspect is conceal behind the stronger truth one. Taken from Ani-matrix. Focuses on how the androids were able to observe the world around them and themselves, and revolt. Yue Hu http://www.plu.edu/~olufsdw/postmod.html Post- is a prefix represents a shift from a 'now' to a 'then'. Between those shifts, there are events that occur, and it is based on those series of events that people would start making a difference between the now and the post-. I found this video entertaining but also applicable to the project. The comedian comments on today's popular speech. At the same time, he is making discrepancies between this era and the past. Analysis of preceding observations shows that overarching course topics are uncovered through systematic breakdown of each element of the class Discussions
Ways in which ideas circulate Haidan Zhou Is there a strict definition of the prefix post? Post implies a change in society’s view of itself after an event or time. It is no longer simply “after,” but rather “after as it affects society.” Luhmann discusses postmodernism in his essay “Why does society describe itself as post-modern?” but never fully comes to a conclusion or strict answer to his own proposed question. Through our studies in class, we attempted to dive into the meaning of post as we know it today. This situation is an example of second-hand observation—analyzing and interpreting our class discussions. Class Blog The blogs/posts rectify my understanding of Systems Theory/ Second Order Observation. By observing others define what they know about Systems Theory and Second Order Observations, it helps me redefine of what I know about them. To make the most of the blog, I would often make posts and comments related to the things I can always refer to: TV Shows. Not just a prefix: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/post- For a nifty timeline of the evolution of postmodern fiction see http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/pmafim/timeline.htm Jeremy Green Observation of Learing Serial killer-killer Serial Killer In the case of postmodernism, modernist ideas are reevaluated over time and readopted by society Audience Society Ideas Reevaluation This (old) video shows the many different ways that people walk down stairs. Although “walking down the stairs” means pretty much the same thing to everyone, we all do this in our own ways. Some of us skip stairs, run down stairs, hop, walk sideways, or hold onto railings. This is similar to the way we see and analyze things. We each may observe the exact same situation but interpret and observe the way we observe in completely different ways. Readoption Through reading WOVENtext, we start to analyze how we communicate, write, and read. Through different approaches (pictures, videos, short prose, etc.), WOVENtext teaches the reader better ways to write. It requires us to think critically, apply our knowledge to what we’re reading, and most importantly, to question. Question everything! We can start to reanalyze and improve the way that we write and read. Everything is part of a system. One's action can inadvertently affect everything else. For example, in the triangle Dexter is a serial killer that kills other killers. If he fails to kill a killer, the killer might have a chance to kill an innocent bystander. Because Dexter failed to kill the killer, the killer was able to get away with another murder. Blogging has been an escape from reality for some people. It allows people to express their thoughts, opinions, and arguments through a physical realm. Bloggers express their identity in this secure way, and can make the thoughts public or private on the internet. As the observer, we can take insightful information from these blogs, such as in the blogs we wrote for this class, and apply them to different aspects of our lives. We, as observers, can express our own viewpoints through commenting on these blogs. Blogging has become more than just an expression of views, but rather a way to observe others. The rise of blogging has allowed us to connect more and more with each other through second-order observation. woven check out the link! Reality? Perception? For every second that passes by, the way we perceive the world around us change. This is because we react to other reactions constantly. Our reaction then causes a new wave of reaction, which we also react to, and it ultimately results in a loop of reactions to reactions to reactions to an endless amount of other reactions. This loop is the world we perceive. By observing this loop, we are conducting second order observation; it’s another way of saying we are aware of the system. "Nothing exists until or unless it is observed. An artist is making something exist by observing it. And his hope for other people is that they will also make it exist by observing it. I call it creative observation. Creative viewing." -Burroughs William S.
"If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound?" Ways in which WOVENtext demonstrates how we can use second hand observation to make our writing better: In our Appiah and Luhhman readings a lot of the questions that sprout to the reader are based on whether we perceive the same things in a different manner. How do we know that what we see is truly what is or exists in the first place? We don't. Our readings bring us to question these thoughts in the first place and begin the acts of observation to what others think, to what we have been led to believe, and what we will believe based on second-order observation and our new acquired views. credit to GT WOVEN text Class Discussion Class Discussion Between the readings assigned from Luhmann and Appiah it can be concluded that postmodernism is difficult to put a tangible definition on. It is a concept without well defined borders. Post signifies a change, but what type of change that is present is based on your perception. There isn’t a clear distinction between pre-, current, and post- modern. It is a fluid cycle. The only difference between the three is the perceived difference. WOVEN has been preparing us so that we can better understand the text. WOVEN offers information about analyzing ideas and reading/comprehending rhetorical situations. It also emphasizes how communication is everything and how being effective at communicating is important. We have used the skilled learned in WOVEN to analyze the texts of Luhmann and Appiah on their views of post-modernism. The group collaborative homework assignment of writing an introductory paragraph helped us to relate Luhmann’s and Appiah’s philosophies together to create a greater sense of the meaning of postmodernism By encouraging us to enact second order observation we are understanding what we are learning better because we must look back and reflect upon what we have learned already and apply that to bigger concepts. This video tries to distinguish the difference between modern and postmodernism. It tries to give a historical approach by comparing and contrasting the eras. What is post-modernism? Class discussions are beneficial to understanding because it gives us a chance to bounce ideas off of each other. When people collaborate on ideas a deeper understanding results. WOVEN Luhmann Appiah Megan Haley The class blog has helped us to enact second order observation because we have had to go out into the world and find examples of it occuring. It has made us more aware of systems, as well as how observation is benifitial. A Very Post Modern Class This video examines the reality that each person creates that is unique to that individual. This relates to second order observation in that, each person has unique thoughts and ideas which can be observed and communicated to others to allow for development in an individual's paradigm. Old but very nice song about truth and how our perceptions of it vary A formal definition of truth Text Here
Zoom in Cool Pictures What is this all about?
Over the course of human history there have been several changes in the mindset of the population. The most recent change in our mindset has been caused by two of the bloodiest conflicts that ever occurred: the two world wars. As we studied in class, this led to a major change in how society views itself, creating what we call post modernism. There are several definitions to post modernism and even scholars cannot agree on what the proper definition of post modernism is, thus I will not bother trying to define it, however I will focus on one important aspect of post modernism: the idea that there is no single truth or answer to anything. In most post modernism definitions the one common element that arises is the fact that there is no longer one truth or solution to every problem, but rather different views and approaches that can be taken. And I believe that this one element is what most closely ties to our classroom environment. Although we do have some “normal” student and teacher interaction (lectures), most of our assignments involve discussions where students make arguments towards what they believe post modernism is, thus leading to the development of multiple ideas incorporated into the class, rather than just the one single “truth” given by the teacher. This unorthodox and postmodern development of our classroom dynamic is possible due to two main factors: the subject that we discuss, and the medium which we use to discuss it. Our topic in this class is postmodernism, and as we know not even scholars can agree on a precise definition for this term, so how can we possibly have one single person teach it to us and test us on the subject? The simple answer is: that is not possible. If the subject in itself is not properly defined, Dr. Hawk can only provide us with her definition of Postmodernism, much like we see Appiah and Luhmann do in their texts (of course her definition will be more precise and more “correct” than a student’s definition). Therefore with a subject as “delicate” as the one we are dealing with, each student will have a different view and a different definition to what postmodernism really is, thus illustrating a postmodern concept in itself, and showing that there can be more than one truth to the idea of postmodernism. So far in this class we have mostly completed assignments over the internet, such as the blog and the Prezzi itself. The internet in itself can contribute to the idea of postmodernism by being a medium which can be edited by almost everyone with computer access. This means that it will be almost impossible to find one truth about a subject on the internet, there will always be someone that disagrees with someone else. This can be even seen in a smaller scale, in our Prezzi itself. Although there is one general topic, people will have different approaches, different opinions, different links, different pictures, etc. Meaning that even in a small scale the internet leads to the postmodern view that there is no single truth to a subject. When we analyze how our project is done, we will see that it is postmodern in itself. And if our projects are postmodern, an argument can be made that our class is postmodern. So what? Well, that is a very good question. Following this idea of postmodernism I believe there is no single answer to this question. Many arguments can be made as to what is the significance of our class and assignments being postmodern. Personally I believe that Dr. Hawk prepared this on purpose in order to make a point as to what her definition of postmodernism is. By letting us discuss the subject with each other and try to analyze different views, Dr. Hawk is trying to provide us with a first-hand understanding of what postmodernism is, and how it differs from the idea of modernism (Old fashioned classroom dynamics), and this will be achieved by our endless discussion and search for a definition of postmodernism itself. Conspiracy?
(Come on… Does she really expect us to believe that the idea of circles laying around in the Prezzi, without one central definition was accidental? I see a conspiracy going on…she is trying to make us argue over whose definition is the main definition to postmodernism, and thus trying to move us away from postmodernism back into the dark days of modernism… Think about it…. It is all an inside job) This video shows the importance of effective communication that WOVEN emphasizes. Human Relations As I began the process of observing myself observing the themes of the class, I gained new insight into how members of society related to one another. At the beginning of the class, we read an essay by Luhmann entitled Why Does Society Describe Itself as Postmodern? Through class discussion and blogs, we determined that term “post” was coined by current members of society as a way of separating themselves from previous members of society from another era. Following this reading, we further explored the concept of relationships between members of society through our study of systems theory. We imagined humans as systems that took in and processed information given to them by other humans. In addition to studying these unique aspects of society, our class began to look at the various styles of communication humans utilize through our electronic book WOVENText. Our class determined that members of society are multimodal in their interaction with one another and that humans can seek to influence others through their proficiency in communication. I have discovered that class text and discussions while very unique all combine together to address a common subject. This discovery makes me observe the information we learn in class as it relates to human relations. Readings Woven gives us examples of questions to ask ourselves when considering a topic or an argument. This is a general rule for second-order observation: ask questions. Questioning our perspectives, thoughts, and ideas gives us the opportunity to see new perspectives thoughts and ideas. This, in turn, allows us to create well rounded arguments. Readings help us to observe society in a different light. They form the basis of our class discussions and blog and give us a subject to form an opinion around. Two reading we focus on in class are Why Does Society Describe Itself as Post-modern? by Luhman and Is the Post- in Postmodernism the Post- in Post-colonial? by Appiah. Luhman’s work focuses on the topic post-modernism while Appiah’s work compares the concept of post-modernism to post-colonialism. WOVENText WOVENText focuses on the topic of human interaction and helps us learn how to voice our thoughts and opinions. It informs us that humans communicate in one of two ways, verbally with words and non-verbally with actions. The text also states that people use communication in order to inform, control, express feeling, express creativity, and as ritual. WOVENText enlightens us as to the situation of cross-cultural communication and helps us understand that our words can be interpreted in different ways depending on the cultural background of our listeners. Class Discussions and Blogs Class discussions and the blog provide an arena for the exchange of ideas among classmates. They allow us to take in the opinions and thoughts of others in order to better understand a subject. Moreover, the blog allows us to share our feelings about a topic in a open environment. Niklas Luhmann Woven Text The first step there is for observing our class is discovering exactly what it is that we do. A large majority of our time is spent trying to more effectively communicate ourselves, and more effectively analyze the work of other. Woven Text is system we use to achieve this. We study the different modes or writing, how they fit together, and each can be used. But ... Instead of the material learnt it could easily be said that the most important aspect, or at least, the most effectual part of a student’s learning is the student’s own awareness on having learnt the said material. In example, the ideas and lessons explained through woven text would be useless if a student didn’t have enough awareness to realize that she had new techniques to apply to their writing or analyzes. While new information is obviously crucial, there would be no progress made if a student didn’t observe herself learning. This self-observation of observation is crucial in many environments, but especially prominent in the analytical nature of our course. Following this fact, insofar there has been a prominent focus on thought processes that encourage this type of thought. Whether it was Star Wars or a newspaper, ...we frequently relate the ideas of Woven or Luhmann to things we're already familiar with. Self aware autonomy- the idea that would allow us to reach a better state of being, to know what makes us "happy" and advance our current level of empathy. We must move past modernism where we simply strove to be the best without truly evaluating our lifestyle. We must know move into an atmosphere of reflection where we must become more "self aware and socially embedded. My idea of post-modernism is the optimistic setting of observing ourselves observing to rid ourselves of ethnocentric viewpoints and sentiments. Looking at why we make the observations we do will surely help in reaching this goal. Second Order Observation
Anthony Nicaretta "Empathic Capacity" - Empathy -
The ability to understand and share the feelings of another. This simple definition of empathy is what I believe reflects how easy it should be. This phrase "Empathic Capacity" is where all change begins. It starts with simply putting yourself within a group whose ideas and values are foreign to you, and recognizing the problems they face from their perspective. “Life has no meaning a priori … It is up to you to give it a meaning, and value is nothing but the meaning that you choose.”
Jean-Paul Sartre “The pre-Socratic Greek philosopher Parmenides taught that the only things that are real are things which never change... and the pre-Socratic Greek philosopher Heraclitus taught that everything changes. If you superimpose their two views, you get this result: Nothing is real.”
Philip K. Dick
Postmodernism is an academic theory, originating in academia with an academic elite, not in the world of women and men, where feminist theory is rooted. Catharine MacKinnon In conclusion, two important aspects live within my time in this class. First, the ability to communicate thoroughly and decipher questions like, what is postmodern learned through Woven Text, and secondly, a self observed knowledge of one's awarness, learned through things like class discussion and blogs. Postmodern Each of these observations may hold a valid point but what needs to be taken into account is under what circumstances these observations were made and how the different perspectives and viewpoints of each individual affected their thoughts on postmodernism. This video uses many types of the WOVEN
communication to get the narrators "voice" across.
He uses written, oral, and visual devices in an electronic setting to successfully display his viewpoint in an interesting and appealing manner that draws the reader in and allows them to see how the concepts are related through many different creative visuals. Quote source: BrainyQuote.com what is postmodernism? News Today! Obama above 50% in some battleground polls Five user complaints about iPhone 5 Romney repeats welfare slam Tennessee fraternity suspended after alcohol enemas incident Europe jitters weigh on stocks We receive so much information each day, why bother second-order observe them? From articles of Luhmann and Appiah, we know that post modernism is more pessimistic than modernism because of the side effects of human power. This difference is a conclusion deduced from second-order observation. What practical use does the conclusion have? Actually, because of the cognition of the side effect of technology, people are more discreet with technology and cherish peace more. Second-order observation makes people fear and respect the power they themselves create. Reflection is the best way we know of increasing the likelihood that what you learn in one activity or assignment transfers to other activities and assignments.----WOVENText Second-order observation is not only about people assess and issues, the most important thing about it is the self-reflection it brings us. By reflect what happened, we learn lessons. We get to know what is right, what is wrong, what should or should not be done, or anything else we need to know. Then we summarize the information we obtained, and think of ourselves critically. What are we doing? Are we repeating any mistakes as predecessors did? If so, how can we redress ourselves? If not, how do we avoid doing so? Etc. By doing these, self-reflection, we can release from tedious raw information and get a guideline in dealing with our own issues, and thus achieve a self-improvement. what is system theory? Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems in general, with the goal of elucidating principles that can be applied to all types of systems at all nesting levels in all fields of research. The term does not yet have a well-established, precise meaning, but systems theory can reasonably be considered a specialization of systems thinking, a generalization of systems science, a systems approach. The term originates from Bertalanffy's general system theory (GST) and is used in later efforts in other fields, such as the action theory of Talcott Parsons and the system-theory of Niklas Luhmanna how fantastic! how different! more than you can imagine x
Xiaotong Jia Sebring Jake B\By: Christiian Coles hommas observing
The WOVEN e-book provides a good base for how to analyze text and find the meaning/reasons behind a writing. By analyzing and observing WOVEN, we can find the hidden meaning behind more difficult texts such as Appiah's essay on postmodernism. WOVEN is all about observation and inquiry. By dividing texts and analyzing the difference between logos (reason and judgement) and fallacies (which are based more on pathos and emotion), the reader can separate the convincing arguments from the real facts. We have been analyzing the tactics discussed in WOVEN through both first and second order observation. First we read the text individually and then we observe it further in the class discussion.